- 公益社団法人 日本薬学会
- 衛生化学 (ISSN:0013273X)
- vol.28, no.5, pp.233-248, 1982-10-30 (Released:2008-05-30)
This review is concerned primarily with our recent papers which have been published or presented since 1978. Especially, metabolic conversion of Δ8-THC to Δ8-THC-11-oic acid and to 8α, 9α-epoxyhexahydrocannabinol (8α, 9α-EHHC) and their pharmacological implications are described. Liver microsomes catalyze formation of 11-OH-Δ8-THC from Δ8-THC, 11-oxo-Δ8-THC from 11-OH-Δ8-THC, and 8α, 9α-EHHC from Δ8-THC. The involvement of cytochrome P-450 in these reactions were suggested in vivo as well as in vitro. 11-OH-Δ8-THC was detected and determined as a metabolite in vivo of Δ8-THC in the liver and brain of mice. 11-OH-Δ8-THC, when administered to mice, showed higher distribution in the brain as compared with Δ8-THC. Pharmacological activities of 11-OH-Δ8-THC, 11-oxo-Δ8-THC, Δ8-THC-11-oic acid, 8α, 9α-EHHC, 8β, 9β-EHHC, 9α, 10α-EHHC and 8β, 9α-di OH-HHC were compared with that of Δ8-THC using mice. Pharmacological effect of 11-OH-Δ8-THC, 11-oxo-Δ8-THC, 8β, 9β-EHHC and 9α, 10α-EHHC were more potent than that of Δ8-THC in the cataleptogenic, hypothermic, pentobarbital-induced sleep prolonging, and anticonvulsant effects. Daily administration of 11-OH-Δ8-THC or 11-oxo-Δ8-THC as well as Δ8-THC quickly induced tolerance to their hypothermic and pentobarbital-induced sleep-prolonging effects. The LD50s of 11-OH-Δ8-THC, 11-oxo-Δ8-THC and Δ8-THC-11-oic acid are larger than that of Δ8-THC.