著者
鈴木 博之
出版者
日本生理心理学会
雑誌
生理心理学と精神生理学 (ISSN:02892405)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.17-34, 2007-04-30 (Released:2012-11-27)
参考文献数
53

近年の研究は睡眠中にも覚醒時と同様に情報処理が行われていることを示している。本論文は睡眠中の情報処理を1) 入力 : 睡眠中の外部刺激への反応, 2) 処理 : 睡眠中に起こる学習した記憶の固定と向上, 3) 出力 : 夢出現の時間的特性と夢内容の特徴, の観点から概観する。睡眠中は外部の刺激への反応が減少するが, 注意や動機づけといった心理的機能は維持されている。ある種の手続き記憶と宣言的記憶の向上には練習後の睡眠が必要である。夢は朝方に頻繁に起こり, 変化した意味記憶の連合が独特な夢の内容と関連している。睡眠中の情報処理に関する研究の発展は人間の認知機能と心的活動のさらなる理解を提供するであろう。
著者
鈴木 博之 四郎翁姆
出版者
言語記述研究会
雑誌
言語記述論集 = JOURNAL OF KIJUTSUKEN(Descriptive Linguistics Study Group) (ISSN:2432244X)
巻号頁・発行日
no.9, pp.23-42, 2017-04-30

This article presents a story named Origin of highland barley’s seeds narrated in the Lhagang dialect of Minyag Rabgang Khams Tibetan with linguistic glossing, translation, and annotation. This story is not transmitted in the speech community of Lhagang Tibetan, but well known as one of the Tibetan traditional oral stories in Chinese, circulated as a part of books as well as online articles. The present version is artificially composed: after memorising several Chinese versions, the second author, native speaker of Lhagang Tibetan, narrated without referring to the Chinese text. Therefore, it is of an experimental nature as a linguistic material and we will examine how the narrative style has been influenced by the translation process other than a general analysis of a narrative.The analysis shows that:● this narrative version lacks a hearsay marker, probably because it is not orally transmitted;● aorist is a default TAM marker in the narrative; and,● irregular use of the ergative marker is attested.
著者
鈴木 博之
出版者
バイオメカニズム学会
雑誌
バイオメカニズム学会誌 = Journal of the Society of Biomechanisms (ISSN:02850885)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.4, pp.199-204, 2005-11-01
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
2

夢が睡眠中のいつ起こっているかという疑問に対し,REM睡眠中に起こるという解答が既に得られていると一般的には考えられている.しかし,NREM睡眠時の夢の存在を主張する研究者も多く,夢発生のメカニズムに関しては未だ議論が続いている.従来の夢研究には,報告された夢が目覚める以前のいつ起こった体験か確認することが出来ないという方法論的問題点があった.そのため,夢とREM・NREM睡眠の明確な対応関係は検討されてこなかった.この問題点を解決するために,我々は20分間の睡眠区間を40分間の間隔をおいて78時間連続して繰り返し,各睡眠区間後に得られた夢と20分間の睡眠状態の関係を検討した.その結果得られたREM・NREM睡眠時それぞれの夢の特徴と,今回初めて明らかになった夢発生の概日変動について解説する.
著者
鈴木 博之
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会論文報告集 (ISSN:03871185)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.226, pp.85-94,105, 1974

Christopher Dresser (1834-1904) was an unique designer in the history of modern design. Many art historians, for example, Sir Nikolaus Pevsner in his "Pioneers of Modern Design" and Robert Schmutzler in his "Art Nouveau-Jugendstil", highly appreciated him as a revolutional designer. Dresser's design seems very functional and "modern". But it was not only the result of functional study but also the result of looking into fundamental form. It is true that he studied function of the shape of the pot, but it was only one of his interests. At the same time, he was deeply interested in the study of natural form and of an artistic arrangement of decorative forms. In 1873, he published "the Principles of Decorative Design", which had close relation to Owen Jones' "The Grammer of Ornament" and even to A.W.N. Pugin's "The True Principles of Pointed or Christian Architecture" in 1841. These authors were inquiring into fundamental form and arrangement of decoration. Pugin's principles were based on the Catholic religion, Owen Jones' principles were based on the natural forms. And Dresser found the Energy and the Force as his basic principles for design. Dresser's principles, however, were not completely abstruct ones. He, then, caught a chance to visit Japan. His travelling through Japan from 1877 to 1878 shows characteristics of the principles of his design. He visited Yokohama, Kobe, Osaka, Nara, Kyoto, Nikko, Tokyo and many other places. He was interested in many of Japanese designs, especially, in such decorative designs as mausolea at Nikko and Shiba. It seems that the decorative arrangement in Japanese Art greatly inspired him, and that he had confidence that his principles were true. After returning to Britain, he created many revolutional designs. In these designs, however, we could not find any Japanese motives. But he must have been greatly inspired by Japanese Art. He was inspired not by forms but by the method of convention and arrangement of them. Contents of the thesis are as follows. I. Introduction II. Chronology III. Dresser and Cole's Circle and the South Kensington IV. Travelling to Japan in 1877 V. Controversies on "Japanese Village" and against J. Conder VI. Dresser's Principles
著者
鈴木 博之
出版者
バイオメカニズム学会
雑誌
バイオメカニズム学会誌 (ISSN:02850885)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.4, pp.199-204, 2005 (Released:2007-10-23)
参考文献数
26

夢が睡眠中のいつ起こっているかという疑問に対し,REM睡眠中に起こるという解答が既に得られていると一般的には考えられている.しかし,NREM睡眠時の夢の存在を主張する研究者も多く,夢発生のメカニズムに関しては未だ議論が続いている.従来の夢研究には,報告された夢が目覚める以前のいつ起こった体験か確認することが出来ないという方法論的問題点があった.そのため,夢とREM・NREM睡眠の明確な対応関係は検討されてこなかった.この問題点を解決するために,我々は20分間の睡眠区間を40分間の間隔をおいて78時間連続して繰り返し,各睡眠区間後に得られた夢と20分間の睡眠状態の関係を検討した.その結果得られたREM・NREM睡眠時それぞれの夢の特徴と,今回初めて明らかになった夢発生の概日変動について解説する.
著者
鈴木 博之
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会論文報告集 (ISSN:03871185)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.226, pp.85-94,105, 1974-12-30 (Released:2017-08-22)

Christopher Dresser (1834-1904) was an unique designer in the history of modern design. Many art historians, for example, Sir Nikolaus Pevsner in his "Pioneers of Modern Design" and Robert Schmutzler in his "Art Nouveau-Jugendstil", highly appreciated him as a revolutional designer. Dresser's design seems very functional and "modern". But it was not only the result of functional study but also the result of looking into fundamental form. It is true that he studied function of the shape of the pot, but it was only one of his interests. At the same time, he was deeply interested in the study of natural form and of an artistic arrangement of decorative forms. In 1873, he published "the Principles of Decorative Design", which had close relation to Owen Jones' "The Grammer of Ornament" and even to A.W.N. Pugin's "The True Principles of Pointed or Christian Architecture" in 1841. These authors were inquiring into fundamental form and arrangement of decoration. Pugin's principles were based on the Catholic religion, Owen Jones' principles were based on the natural forms. And Dresser found the Energy and the Force as his basic principles for design. Dresser's principles, however, were not completely abstruct ones. He, then, caught a chance to visit Japan. His travelling through Japan from 1877 to 1878 shows characteristics of the principles of his design. He visited Yokohama, Kobe, Osaka, Nara, Kyoto, Nikko, Tokyo and many other places. He was interested in many of Japanese designs, especially, in such decorative designs as mausolea at Nikko and Shiba. It seems that the decorative arrangement in Japanese Art greatly inspired him, and that he had confidence that his principles were true. After returning to Britain, he created many revolutional designs. In these designs, however, we could not find any Japanese motives. But he must have been greatly inspired by Japanese Art. He was inspired not by forms but by the method of convention and arrangement of them. Contents of the thesis are as follows. I. Introduction II. Chronology III. Dresser and Cole's Circle and the South Kensington IV. Travelling to Japan in 1877 V. Controversies on "Japanese Village" and against J. Conder VI. Dresser's Principles
著者
内山 真 鈴木 博之
出版者
日本大学医学会
雑誌
日大医学雑誌 (ISSN:00290424)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.3, pp.155-161, 2011-06-01 (Released:2012-03-28)
参考文献数
32

Origin of night dream has been an enigma through whole history of human race. Descriptions in the Bible have shown that the ancients regarded dream experiences as a consequence of the supernatural power outside. Since the early twentieth century, progresses of psychology have proposed that night dream comes from the unconscious mind inside. Finally in 1953, Aserinsky and Kleiteman discovered human REM sleep and demonstrated that dream reports were obtained most frequently when subjects were awakened from REM sleep. Thereafter, many scientists conducted studies on dream and REM sleep, and found a robust association between electrophysiologic phenomena and subjective experiences during REM sleep. Here we reviewed articles on psychophysiological aspects of dream and REM sleep. To document mnemonic functions of REM sleep was of our particular interest. The authors expect that studying dream and REM sleep gives clues to an understanding on the mind-body relationship.
著者
鈴木 博之
出版者
公益財団法人 史学会
雑誌
史学雑誌 (ISSN:00182478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.101, no.4, pp.557-578,656-65, 1992

This paper is a case study describing the local lineages of the Jiang 江 village, She 歙 xian during the Ming and Qing periods. The points are following below. The Jiang lineages gained the advantage in this district socially and economically, and the people believed that the lineage's destiny was under the influence of geomancy, feng-shui 風水. From this point of view, the Jiang lineages and others tried to conserve the environment of the mountainous region against the move by the foreign settlers to develop minerals and commercial agriculture, on a backdrop of opposition arising due to continuing stratification among the lineage members. The festival organization called she-hui 社会, shen-hui 神会, si-nui 祀会, etc. was founded on a sublineage basis, including slaves, zhong-po 庄僕, in the Jiang village and Qing-yuan 慶源 village Wu-yuan 〓源. But the sublineages were not equal one another and the qualification to participate in the festival was limited according to social and economical differences. It's well known that the areas were the hometowns of Hui-Chou (Hsin-an) merchants. Segments of the Jiang lineages extended their business activities to the cities in Jiangnan, especially Yang-zhou 揚州, which was famous as a salt merchant center. But local lineages were not formed in Yang-zhou, rather the merchant segments based their relationships on the original lineages. This presented a precarious position for outside merchants. The connection with the hometown was a sort of insurance against the natural features of the region which would protect them and their descendants.
著者
鈴木 博之 四郎翁姆 才譲三周
出版者
The Linguistic Society of Japan
雑誌
言語研究 (ISSN:00243914)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.159, pp.69-101, 2021 (Released:2021-03-30)
参考文献数
73

チベット系諸言語は複雑な証拠性・認識性の標示体系をもつ言語群として知られている。これまで多くの先行研究がさまざまなチベット系諸言語の証拠性の記述を行ってきたが,用語と枠組みが先行研究によって多岐にわたるため,これらの言語の証拠性に関する対照研究は困難であった。本稿では,研究蓄積のあるラサチベット語の証拠性の体系を1つの基準として,共通の調査票を用いて5種類のチベット系諸言語の判断動詞と存在動詞に関する「アクセス系」に属する証拠性の体系を記述し,各形式の形態を分析する。次いで,言語間に認められる異同を議論する。結論として,本稿で取り上げたカム及びアムド地域のチベット系諸言語は,判断動詞と存在動詞を統一的な証拠性の枠組みのもとに記述することが可能であり,その中で細部に異なりが認められるものの,本質的な体系を共有していることを示す。
著者
鈴木 孝明 寺尾 京平 鈴木 博之 新田 祐幹 高尾 英邦 下川 房男 大平 文和 平丸 大介 小寺 秀俊
出版者
一般社団法人 電気学会
雑誌
電気学会論文誌E(センサ・マイクロマシン部門誌) (ISSN:13418939)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.133, no.5, pp.139-146, 2013-05-01 (Released:2013-05-01)
参考文献数
20

In this study, we propose a simple observation method of the shape and molecular orientation of the chromosomes extracted from cells for a sample-to-analysis system in clinical diagnosis. The proposed technique is composed of total preparation technique such as cell immobilization, chromosomes extraction, stretching, suspension and analysis using a disposable microchip controlled by centrifugal force only. It is experimentally confirmed that the chip having two kinds of microstructures arranged concentrically on a chip immobilizes cells and stretches chromosomes extracted from the immobilized cells.

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著者
鈴木博之著
出版者
中央公論新社
巻号頁・発行日
1999
著者
木内 幸浩 位地 正年 鈴木 博之 大須賀 浩規
出版者
公益社団法人 高分子学会
雑誌
高分子 (ISSN:04541138)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.3, pp.117-119, 2005-03-01 (Released:2011-10-14)
参考文献数
7

環境負荷の大きいハロゲン系などの難燃剤を一切添加せずに,自己消火機能をもつ難燃性エポキシ樹脂組成物を開発し,ICモールド材やプリント基板用絶縁材に適用した。この自己消火性エポキシ樹脂組成物は主として,ノボラック構造中に芳香族化合物をもつフェノールアラルキル型のエポキシ樹脂と硬化剤からなり,着火時に樹脂表面が発泡することで高度な難燃性を実現している。