著者
河野 敏朗 石戸谷 淳一 遠藤 亮 佃 守
出版者
耳鼻咽喉科臨床学会
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.100, no.11, pp.899-903, 2007-11-01 (Released:2011-10-07)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
1 1

We sometimes experience infant cases leading to unexpected deaths due to foreign bodies. It is often difficult to identify the cause or foreign body invasion by asking questions directly to a child. We experienced an infant case of a chopstick passing through the soft palate, reaching the parapharyngeal space near the inner carotid artery circumference. At the first medical examination, we could not detect the tip of the chopstick, in the pharynx. Using 3-directional-CT images, we could locate the tip of the chopstick in the parapharyngeal space near the inner carotid artery circumference. Under general anesthesia, we could remove the tip of the chopstick from the parapharyngeal space near the inner carotid artery with an endoscope trans-orally.It is important to investigate positional conditions between a foreign body and the vessels in the parapharyngeal space. Images such as enhancing 3-directional-CT before the operation is useful.Furthermore, we have to be careful of the late neurosis by pencil-injury in the region and pay close attention to respiratory tract management.
著者
西元 謙吾 林 多聞 早水 佳子 黒野 祐一
出版者
The Society of Practical Otolaryngology
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.102, no.11, pp.945-949, 2009 (Released:2011-06-09)
参考文献数
7

The efficacy of the common practice in Japan of recommending gargling to prevent post-tonsillectomy infection and to reduce throat soreness remains to be scientifically and quantitatively confirmed. In an attempt to remedy this, we had 108 subjects—48 men and 60 women aged 17 to 79 years (mean: 33.8 years)—gargle with povidone-iodine (PI) or sodium guaiazulen-3-sulfonate (AZ) following bilateral tonsillectomy. We measured the clinical effects on a pain scale and pain-medication score for comparison between the two groups. Results indicated by the medication score and pain scale demonstrated that gargling with AZ significantly reduced pain compared to gargling with PI, especially right after surgery. AZ also showed an antipyretic effect, suggesting that gargling with AZ is superior to PI as a post operative gargle.
著者
濵本 真一 兵 行義 田中 浩喜 舘 俊廣 森田 倫正 福島 久毅 原田 保
出版者
The Society of Practical Otolaryngology
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.106, no.8, pp.693-697, 2013 (Released:2013-08-01)
参考文献数
29

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an idiopathic systemic vasculitis common in infants and children that affects predominantly small and medium-sized extraparenchymal muscular arteries. KD manifests various clinical symptoms, of which coronary aneurysms are the most important complication. However, the association of sensorineural hearing loss with KD is rare. A 7-year-old girl with KD was referred to our department with a chief complaint of hearing loss. In her hearing test, she showed a high degree of bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. Although the patient was treated with steroid pulse therapy (methylprednisolone), her hearing level deteriorated. Two weeks after steroid therapy, a slight improvement was seen. Thereafter, the patient started to use hearing aids. About one year has elapsed since the onset of hearing loss, but her hearing level has not improved.
著者
平賀 幸弘 黄 淳一
出版者
耳鼻咽喉科臨床学会
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.106, no.4, pp.341-346, 2013 (Released:2013-04-01)
参考文献数
21

Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma is a rare and lethal human malignancy. In this paper, we report on a case of a 55-year-old man who had undergone radiation therapy on the cervical region for malignant lymphoma at 14 years of age, and had been consulting our hospital for 19 years. He underwent a left hemithyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma at the age of 35, and 11 years after that a total thyroidectomy was performed for cervical nodal disease. After the operation he underwent radioiodine therapy twice. Five years after radiotherapy, anaplastic carcinomas arose in the left cervix and the cranium. Soon after complete resections of the tumors, systemic metastases were detected with FDG-PET. Finally, 11 months after the operation, he died in our palliative care unit at the age of 55 due to frequent bleeding from a palatal carcinoma. A review of the literature showed that the age at which the tumor arose, namely the peak of the patient’s life, was earlier than was usually reported. The survival time of 11 months observed in our patient was more than that generally observed in patients with anaplastic carcinoma.
著者
篠原 尚吾 山本 悦生 田辺 牧人 辻 純 宗田 由紀 坂本 達則 金 泰秀 寺下 健洋
出版者
耳鼻咽喉科臨床学会
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.92, no.7, pp.779-783, 1999-07-01 (Released:2011-11-04)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
2 1

Papillary microcarcinomas (PMCs) which are 1.0cm or less in diameter are a specific subgroup of thyroid cancer. As the prevalence of these tumors found in autopsy cases was reported to be 10 to 28.4% in Japan, the necessity of surgical treatment of PMCs has been questioned. However, PMCs are often found in conjunction with advanced metastases in cervical lymph nodes, lung, etc..We reviewed eight cases with PMCs revealed by the presence of cervical metastases over the past 10 years. Five cases were revealed by manifest cervical lymph node metastases. Two of the other three cases were operated on for treatment of metastatic lesions subsequent to other diagnoses, notably a parotid tumor and lateral cervical cyst. The PMCs were revealed in a postoperative histological study of these two cases. The remaining case was discovered incidentally during neck dissection for laryngeal cancer. Preoperative ultrasonography was undertaken in seven cases. Two cases showed multif ocal small high echoic spots without tumors and one case showed no abnormal findings in the thyroid.In all cases, total thyroidectomy, unilateral or bilateral neck dissection and postoperative radioiodine scintigraphy were performed. Multifocal tumors in the thyroid were proven histologically in four cases. In one case, the primary lesion was not found even in a postoperative histological study.In accordance with these observations, PMCs revealed by cervical metastases shoul be treated as advanced thyroid carcinomas.
著者
児嶋 剛 庄司 和彦 池上 聰 鈴木 慎二 岸本 曜 高橋 淳人
出版者
耳鼻咽喉科臨床学会
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.98, no.12, pp.969-972, 2005-12-01 (Released:2011-10-07)
参考文献数
11

Most malignant thyroid nodules are surgically treated. This report reviews changes in size of malignant thyroid nodules; none of them received any medical and surgical treatment. Three hundred and three nodules were diagnosed as malignant using fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and ultrasonography from 1997 to 2003. In 17 patients (19 nodules), they were observed for more than 6 months. We examined the transition of their major axis by ultrasonography. Large nodules (>10mm) and nodules in younger patients (age<50) tend to increase in size. As compared with benign nodules, malignant nodules tend to increase in large nodules (>10mm).
著者
児嶋 剛 庄司 和彦 一色 信彦 中村 一博
出版者
耳鼻咽喉科臨床学会
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.101, no.1, pp.39-43, 2008-01-01 (Released:2011-10-07)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
1 2

We report a case of GID (gender identity disorder) of the female-to-male type, where her vocal pitch was lowered to her satisfaction by Thyroplasty type 3. The distress of GID patients derives from the contradiction between their sexual physical features and gender self-consciousness. As to the levels of distress and the means patients select to resolve the problems they face, individual variations are great. The present patient did not want either transsexual surgery or hormonal treatment, but merely her vocal pitch lowered. Thyroplasty type 3 successfully lowered her vocal pitch as desired without any complication. Surgical details and key points were described.
著者
入江 和美 飯野 ゆき子 水谷 俊美 宮澤 哲夫 寺島 邦男
出版者
耳鼻咽喉科臨床学会
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.89, no.10, pp.1201-1206, 1996-10-01 (Released:2011-11-04)
参考文献数
16

It is known that ear piercing can cause various complications such as infection, allergic contact dermatitis, granulation, dermoid cyst formation buried earring and so on. We describe a case of earlobe keloid caused by ear piercing. The patient, an 18-year-old female, visited our hospital complaining of a large tumor hanging from the left earlobe. The tumor was excised and a histological examination revealed keloid tissue with subcutaneous clusters of lymphocytes.An immunohistochemical study of the keloid tissue was performed using a polyclonal antibody against human IgG and IgE. Numerous IgE positive cells, presumably mast cells, were found below the epidermis, suggesting that the keloid was still active and still sensitized by some stimulation. The inflammatory response seemed to have contributed to formation of the large keloid.
著者
高橋 昭
出版者
耳鼻咽喉科臨床学会
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.8special, pp.1404-1421, 1980-08-20 (Released:2011-11-04)
参考文献数
70
著者
那須 隆 小池 修治 鈴木 豊 伊藤 吏 岡崎 慎一 野田 大介 青柳 優
出版者
耳鼻咽喉科臨床学会
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.97, no.9, pp.819-824, 2004-09-01 (Released:2011-10-07)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
6 4

A 1-year-and-1-month-old boy presented with a wooden foreign body in a right cervical lesion after falling down. The foreign body was the broken tip of a wooden chopstick which was penetrating into his neck. No foreign bodies were reliably detected by plain film. We then used helical CT for the diagnosis of the foreign body. A wooden foreign body, 2.2cm long and 2mm in diameter, like a rod, was shown embedded in his neck by reconstructing 3D images of helical CT. The wooden foreign body was removed through an incision of the neck under general anesthesia.In this case, helical CT was helpful in the diagnosis of a radiolucent wooden foreign body in a cervical lesion.
著者
本田 圭司 鎌田 知子 田崎 彰久 畑中 章生
出版者
The Society of Practical Otolaryngology
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.105, no.7, pp.681-685, 2012-07-01

We report a case of burns of the larynx caused by hot food in which emergency airway management was required.<br> A 36-year old male came to the hospital with a sore throat 14 hours after ingesting hot food (takoyaki, a Japanese dumpling containing octopus). Fiberscopic examination revealed mild edema of the aryepiglotic fold. The patient refused hospitalization against medical advice and went home after a corticosteroid injection, but returned to the hospital by ambulance with severe dyspnea the next day (44 hours after the injury). A considerably swollen epiglottis were seen on fiberscopy. Since endotracheal intubation was expected to be difficult, surgical cricothyroidotomy was performed for the relief of the airway obstruction. If a laryngeal burn is suspected, the patient should be hospitalized and observed carefully for 24-48 hours.<br>
著者
吉田 正 中村 光士郎 小林 泰輔 富所 雄一
出版者
耳鼻咽喉科臨床学会
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.96, no.9, pp.783-789, 2003-09-01 (Released:2011-10-07)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
1 1

Mycosis in the paranasal sinus is commonly found in the maxillary sinus, but rarely in the sphenoid sinus. In this paper, three cases of sphenoid sinus mycosis are reported and the clinical feature are compared with the 25 other cases reported in Japan since 1968. Our three patients had complained of headache and eye pain, which were thought to be characteristic symptoms in the 25 previous cases. One of the three patients had onset with a background of rheumatoid arthritis and needed steroid medication, but the other two patients had no improvement with medication for sinusitis. By CT scanning and MRI, a localized sphenoid sinus lesion was detected as a characteristic findings for paranasal sinus mycosis, showing irregular mosaic contras on CT scanning and low intensity signal on T1 and T2 MRI imaging. The definite diagnosis was made by means of histological examination for a block age in the affected sinus cavity. Endoscopic sphenoidectomy was performed through the parsnaslis of the anterior wall of sphenoid sinus and was usefull for total removal of the lesion.
著者
北尻 真一郎 田渕 圭作 平海 晴一
出版者
耳鼻咽喉科臨床学会
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.94, no.1, pp.17-20, 2001-01-01 (Released:2011-11-04)
参考文献数
19

A case of fracture of the stapes footplate with ossicular disruption and perilymph fistula caused by earpick-induced trauma is reported. A 51-year-old female was presented with hearing loss and vertigo just after sticking an ear pick into her left ear. Pure tone audiometry showed a mixed hearing loss of 67.5dB. Nystagmus was not observed, and vertigo improved in a week. On exploratory tympanotomy, the fracture of the stapes footplate accompanying a dislocation of the incudo-stapedial joint and perilymphatic leakage from the oval window were found. The perilymph fistula was sealed with temporal fascia, and ossicular chain continuity was reconstructed by type N tympanoplasty. After the operation, the cochlear and vestibular symptoms improved.
著者
宮崎 総一郎
出版者
耳鼻咽喉科臨床学会
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.99, no.6, pp.427-434, 2006-06-01 (Released:2011-10-07)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
1

The most frequent sleep problems are sleep-related breathing disorders, insomnia, excessive daytime sleepiness, and circadian rhythm disorder. In 2004, we treated 468 sleep disorder patients, at the Sleep Disorder Center, Shiga University of Medical Science Hospital. Forty-nine percent of the subjects were diagnosed as having sleep related breathing disorders, 22% as insomnia, 10% as rhythm disorders and 5% as having excessive daytime sleepiness. Insomnia is a common sleep-wake-related complaint, and sleeping pills are among the most commonly prescribed drugs in clinical practice. However, insomnia is a symptom that can be caused by various disorder's, many of which require specific therapies. One specific cause of insomnia in older adults is restless legs syndrome. This condition, characterized by an urge to move the legs, which is usually accompanied by sensations of discomfort and aggravations of symptoms by rest. Daytime sleepiness is a common complaint. Snoring, the use of hypnotic agents, sleep difficulties, irregular sleep-wake schedule and sleep deprivation are related to daytime sleepiness. Circadian rhythm sleep disorders have intrinsic and extrinsic subtypes: delayed sleep phase syndrome, advanced sleep phase syndrome and non-24-h sleep-wake syndrome. The underlying problem of circadian rhythm sleep disorders is that the patient cannot sleep when sleep is desired. Waking episodes may occur at inappropriate times; therefore, the patient may complain of insomnia or excessive sleepiness.
著者
梅田 悦生
出版者
耳鼻咽喉科臨床学会
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.100, no.6, pp.497-504, 2007-06-01 (Released:2011-10-07)
参考文献数
53

Infectious gastroenteritis caused by Norovirus which broke out in November 2006 has infected more than three million patients within a two-month periode. Their symptoms varied from severe diarrhea, vomiting and fever to digestive disorders due to a slight flu. The author, an otolaryngologist, has examined numerous flu patients who complain of various symptoms and always bears in mind that digestive disorders might result from Norovirus. Warnings of this kind are found in some clinical reports. The present paper suggests that otolaryngologists should be aware that their patients with flu symptoms might have gastroenteritis caused by Norovirus.
著者
本田 学
出版者
耳鼻咽喉科臨床学会
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.78, no.5special, pp.789-801, 1985 (Released:2011-11-04)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
2

The human tragus is bigger than that of other animals, and it overhangs the front of the entrance to the auditory canal. Thus, it is probable that the tragus is related to acoustic function of the external ear. Since no acoustic studies have been reported to date, the author examined the acoustic function of the tragus.The source of sond was a Function Generator (TECTRONICS FG 504), and the response curves were measured in a linear scale (the frequency range was from 0.1k to 10kHz). Sound pressure was measured by a very small condenser microphone (RION EU-22), which could be placed in the auditory canal. The data were averaged and analyzed by an Analyzing Recorder (YEW MODEL 3655).Included in this study were one subject with a tragus defects, ten subjects with normal ears, an external ear replica (KOKEN LM 7#1202), an auditory canal model (Plastic) and a tragus model (clay model).The results were as follows:1. The tragus increased the acoustic length of the auditory canal (by about 3mm), lowering the frequency of the canal resonance (about 200Hz).2. The tragus helped the acoustic function of the pinna, and it raised the acoustic response of 4k to 8kHz up to about 5 to 7dB.3. The tragus forms part of the horn shape of the external ear, and it causes the acoustic response of the horn under 8kHz to be a flat response.Therefore the acoustic function of the tragus in the human is of obvious importance to the function of the external ear.
著者
小川 裕 藤井 一省 玉井 好史
出版者
耳鼻咽喉科臨床学会
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.88, no.2, pp.237-249, 1995-02-01 (Released:2011-11-04)
参考文献数
19

We evaluated the anti-tumor effect of the herbal medicine, Sheng-Jin-Jie-Du-Yin, on a human maxillary cancer cell line transplanted into nude mice.This herb consists of 16 crude drugs developed in China. We found it to be effective in inhibiting the cancer transplanted into animals. The two crude drugs, solanum lyratum herb and oldenlandia herb, in Sheng-Jin-Jie-Du-Yin accounted for the anti-tumor effect.The anti-tumor effect of solanum lyratum herb was noted when it was combined with radiotherapy, while oldenlandia herb was effective in the inhibition of tumor growth when given alone or in combination with radiotherapy.We measured the NK activities in nude mouse spleen cells and concluded that the anti-tumor effect of oldenlandia herb is related to an immune mechanism.
著者
馬場 駿吉 高坂 知節 稲村 直樹 佐藤 三吉 鈴木 茂 遠藤 里見 石戸谷 雅子 小野寺 亮 山田 公彦 大久 俊和 荒井 英爾 鈴木 雅明 大山 健二 粟田口 敏一 戸川 清 岡本 美孝 松崎 全成 寺田 修久 喜多村 健 石田 孝 馬場 廣太郎 島田 均 森 朗子 池田 聖 金子 敏郎 今野 昭義 山越 隆行 石井 哲夫 窪田 市世 鍋島 みどり 田口 喜一郎 石山 哲也 中野 雄一 中村 英生 五十嵐 文雄 古川 仭 作本 真 山下 公一 久保田 修 宇佐神 篤 伊藤 博隆 鈴木 元彦 間宮 紳一郎 横田 明 加藤 薫 大屋 靖彦 河合 〓 岩田 重信 横山 尚樹 井畑 克朗 瀧本 勲 稲福 繁 坂倉 康夫 鵜飼 幸太郎 雨皿 亮 山田 弘之 坂倉 健二 平田 圭甫 伊藤 由紀子 村上 泰 竹中 洋 山下 敏夫 久保 伸夫 中井 義明 大橋 淑宏 阪本 浩一 村田 清高 平沢 昌子 原田 康夫 森 直樹 白根 誠 多田 渉 小林 優子 竹林 脩文 河野 嘉彦 夜陣 紘治 平田 思 宮脇 修二 津田 哲也 山下 隆司 二階堂 真史 柿 音高 永澤 容 増田 游 後藤 昭一 西岡 慶子 折田 洋造 東川 康彦 武 浩太郎 進 武幹 前山 忠嗣 百田 統洋 堤 昭一郎 茂木 五郎 川内 秀之 松下 太 吉村 弘之 高田 順子 石川 哮 定永 恭明 大山 勝 松崎 勉 坂本 邦彦 廣田 常治 内薗 明裕 鯵坂 孝二 中島 光好
出版者
The Society of Practical Otolaryngology
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.88, no.3, pp.389-405, 1995-03-01
被引用文献数
13 12

The efficacy and safety of Kampo preparation Sho-seiryu-to were studied in a joint double-blind trial in comparison with a placebo. The study was carried out on 220 patients with perennial nasal allergy at 61 hospitals. Granules in a dose of 3 g were administered 3 times daily for 2 weeks. Moderate to high improvement was recorded in 44.6% of the treated patients and in 18.1% of those receiving placebo. The difference is significant (p <0.001). Side effects were noted in 6.5% of the treated patients and in 6.4% of the controls (not a significant deference). The side effects were mild and had no influence on the daily life of the patients.