著者
保坂 直紀
出版者
北海道大学科学技術コミュニケーター養成ユニット
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.3-16, 2009-09

A content analysis was made of newspaper articles in Japanese general newspapers and in English ones published in the US, on the same scientific research, to verify the difference between them. Three Japanese articles and three in the US were compared to show that Japanese articles are relatively short and are much the same in terms of the contents involved. Articles in the US, in contrast, do not resemble one another and elaborate on far more various stories such as the effort of the scientists involved and the history of the research field. Japanese newspapers have an inclination to focus on the minimum necessary information. These results suggest that, though Japanese newspapers have some advantages in their own ways, there should be some room for consideration to improve their quality to meet the demand of readers who are not necessarily satisfied with Japanese scientific articles as they are.
著者
一方井 祐子 中村 史一 麻生 尚文 神谷 隆之 近藤 菜穂 久保田 好美 徳田 周子 豊田 丈典 古川 遼 宮田 舞 渡邉 俊一 横山 広美
出版者
北海道大学 高等教育推進機構 高等教育研究部 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, pp.83-93, 2012-06

This study focuses on the difference of public interest and expectation for eight scientific fields. The investigated fields included astronomy, planetary science, particle physics, mathematics, solid state physics, paleontology, seismology, and molecular biology. For analyzing the interest and expectation for the eight science fields, a survey was administered to 780 people over 20 years old. Expectation was rated high in the fields in which research contents are easy to understand and the research findings are believed to be linked to daily life. On the other hand, fields considered to be abstract and not related with daily life were rated lower in public interest and expectation. On the basis of these findings, we will discuss the future of science communication in these fields.
著者
蔦谷 匠 安藤 康伸 飯田 有希 井上 志保里 貴舩 永津子 小寺 千絵 近藤 菜穂 猿谷 友孝 豊田 丈典 中村 史一 宮武 広直 渡邉 俊一 横山 広美
出版者
北海道大学 高等教育推進機構 高等教育研究部 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.23-34, 2011-06

Studies for iPS (induced Pluripotent Stem) cells are so important field for both basic science and regenerative medicine that they have attracted a great deal of attention and expectation from scientists, media and public. We revealed that unlike scientists, media and public had not paid attention to mouse iPS cell, the first achievement of the research, however, they were enthusiastic about human iPS cell. Our results suggest that the area of interest about iPS cells differed among scientists, media and public.
著者
内村 直之
出版者
北海道大学高等教育推進機構 高等教育研究部 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.161-168, 2014-06

STAP cell problems including its scientific misconduct problem are now very serious matters for Science and Technology in Japan. Science communication in such situation is considered as a good tool for mutual understanding between layperson and professionals.
著者
鈴木 努
出版者
北海道大学高等教育推進機構 高等教育研究部 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.3-16, 2014-06

This paper examines the reliability of the knowledge measurement methods about radiation and also analyzes the factors which affect people’s anxiety. A true-false test was used to measure people’s knowledge of radiation since it is considered to be a more objective method than self-report method. In this paper two types of true-false test were made and their accuracy rates were compared. Each test contained question items that evaluate scientific knowledge of radiation but were worded differently. As a result of this experiment, some question item pairs which evaluate the same knowledge but had different wordings showed a significantly different accuracy rate, which means that the accuracy of the true-false test is relative to the wording of the questions. As a solution to this problem, item response theory was used to reduce the influence of the wording on this knowledge measurement test. Finally, the relationship among anxiety and other variables was analyzed. In this study interest in social problems didn’t have a significant effect on anxiety. However, activeness of information gathering and risk perceptions had a positive effect. It was also determined that hearing from specialists and having an interest in science or knowledge of radiation reduced anxiety.
著者
加納 圭 水町 衣里 岩崎 琢哉 磯部 洋明 川人 よし恵 前波 晴彦
出版者
北海道大学 高等教育推進機構 高等教育研究部 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, pp.3-16, 2013-06

Science cafés have become popular as casual public dialogue format since 2005, when is considered the first year of science communication in Japan. We conducted a research focused on the participants in science cafés, using a method of marketing research,“ segmentation.” We used the third generation of segmentation method, which was originally from Victorian Government in Australia and was considered as useful to access target audiences and segmented the participants in science cafes and other science and technology (S&T) events such as public lectures, science festivals as “the high engagement in S&T” and “the low engagement in S&T” segments. As a result, we found that major participants in science cafés belonged to “the high engagement in S&T” segment and this tendency was true of public lectures and science festivals. However, we also found that the following three formats had a potential to attract “the lowly engagement in S&T” segment. 1) The theme is relevant to their lives. 2) The events are held in a place where can serve alcohols such as a bar. 3) The theme looks collaborative with non-science area such as art or Japanese culture. We need more samples and further analysis to better understand the participants in S&T events.
著者
石田 尚 善甫 啓一 上道 茜 松原 悠 埴生 孝慈 尾澤 岬 天野 千恵 榎田 翼 佐藤 翔 西浦 ミナ子 赤瀬 直子 三波 千穂美 逸村 裕 山田 信博
出版者
北海道大学 高等教育推進機構 高等教育研究部 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, pp.63-73, 2012-06

In the last decade, scientists are expected to present their researches. It is symbolized as the term: "science communications" and "inter-discipline communications." We suggest and explain "Presentation Competition of Graduate Students" (PCGS). In October 2011, we, Tsukuba Graduate students' Network, conducted PCGS during a university festival and proved its effects. As results, various multi-discipline communications have been promoted among University of Tsukuba. In our university, there are few cases of the collaborated researches which leverage the opportunities that the university has almost every discipline. In this paper, we suggest PCGS as a solution of the problems and demonstrate the details about the implementation plans, strategies and results. We also inspect the impacts as evaluations with the interviews of each concerned, e.g. speaker, judge and visitor. We expect that the PCGS will be held at other universities.
著者
坂東 隆宏 福原 舞 小菅 晃太郎 鈴木 昴太 笠 嗣瑠 奥本 素子
出版者
北海道大学高等教育推進機構 高等教育研究部 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, pp.17-30, 2015-12

近年,科学コミュニケーションの必要性が認識され,2013年の科学コミュニケーションセンターによる調査では回答者である研究者の過半数以上が研究者以外の人々を対象とした科学コミュニケーション活動を体験している.一方で,そのような機会に参加する人々は科学への関心が元々高い層であり,科学への関心の低い層の取り込みには課題があるといわれている.今後は,普段科学コミュニケーション活動に参加しない「科学への関心の低い層」への情報発信が必要だと考えられる.本報告では,科学への関心が低い層に向け科学者情報の発信を試み,動的に研究者を紹介するWebサイト「研究者時計」を作成し,結果を分析した.本Webサイトでは,閲覧者に研究内容だけ ではなく研究者個人の多様性を見せ,研究活動へ興味を持ってもらうことを狙った.そのために,研究者を時刻ごとにランダムに表示するなど,楽しさ・やわらかさ・親しみやすさを重視したインタフェースを本Webサイトに用いた.本実践を分析するにあたり,Google Analyticsを用いた閲覧者分析,Webアンケート等を行った.本論では本実践の過程,結果,そして課題について述べる.
著者
齋藤 芳子 戸田山 和久
出版者
北海道大学 高等教育推進機構 高等教育研究部 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.3-15, 2011-12

Questions raised by lay persons in relation with the Universe were investigated to clarify what they want to know and which aspects of the questions tend to embarrass experts trying to answer them. The seventy percent of questions are about the whole Universe or celestial bodies. In terms of the whole Universe, the beginning, the end, the edge, and the difference from everyday space are the frequently asked. Throughout the raised questions, the mechanisms, origins, and futures are featured rather than definitions or status. Experts are confused when they find questions unexpected or hard to answer. The unexpected questions are based on everyday experiences or misunderstandings, and the questioners point out contradictions among the information through logical extrapolation. The hard questions are with less considerations on whether they are answerable by science. Some of them are neglecting how science is done or what does science target for, while the others are scientific but difficult to answer with the current status of science. The results imply that embarrassing questions from lay persons are the important opportunities to deepen the two-way science communication.
著者
内村 直之
出版者
北海道大学 高等教育推進機構 オープンエデュケーションセンター 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, pp.47-56, 2017-01

一般の人にはなじみの薄い「物理学の成果」をどうすれば理解してもらうことができるだろうか.わかりやすさと正確さの両方を求めなければならない,という科学コミュニケーションにとって永遠の課題ともいえるこの問題について,2016年のノーベル物理学賞となった「トポロジカル相転移及び物質のトポロジカル相の理論的発見」という業績を材料に考察した.新聞,放送などのメディアに登場した解説を紹介・比較した上で,その材料となったノーベル財団の発表資料も吟味した.そこでは,一般向け解説にはどんな要素が必要かという私見を提示した.以上の分析をもとに,一般の人に理解してもらえる記事を書くにはどうすればよいかをまとめた.
著者
秋谷 直矩 高梨 克也 水町 衣里 工藤 充 加納 圭
出版者
北海道大学高等教育推進機構 高等教育研究部 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
no.15, pp.107-122, 2014-06

This practice report raises some questions of dialogical workshop design about science and technology policy topics. Focusing participant's talk, we analyze relationship between presenting participant's identity and facilitator's practice of consolidation of opinions. As a result, we find following points. (1) Presenting identity when particular participant express his opinions make/form relationship with other participant's identity.( 2) Participant's identity changes at each time, and relies on course of interactional context. These results provide the resource when we rethink relationship between conservation of opinions diversity and methods of gathering various opinions, and design workshop that oriented deliberative communication in public.
著者
石村 源生
出版者
北海道大学 高等教育推進機構 高等教育研究部 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.33-49, 2011-12

Definition and systematization of the concept of evaluation were tried from the viewpoint of targets of evaluation, timings of 'snapshot', evaluators, decision makers, purposes, ways of intervention, and evaluation indexes. Some practices of science communication were introduced, which evaluations were analyzed along the systematization method above. A plan to generate plural evaluation for various practices of science communication by using collective intelligence was proposed.
著者
石田 尚 善甫 啓一 上道 茜 松原 悠 埴生 孝慈 尾澤 岬 天野 千恵 榎田 翼 佐藤 翔 西浦 ミナ子 赤瀬 直子 三波 千穂美 逸村 裕 山田 信博
出版者
北海道大学高等教育推進機構 高等教育研究部 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
no.11, pp.63-73, 2012-06

In the last decade, scientists are expected to present their researches. It is symbolized as the term:"science communications" and "inter-discipline communications." We suggest and explain "PresentationCompetition of Graduate Students" (PCGS). In October 2011, we, Tsukuba Graduate students’Network, conducted PCGS during a university festival and proved its effects. As results, various multidisciplinecommunications have been promoted among University of Tsukuba. In our university, thereare few cases of the collaborated researches which leverage the opportunities that the university hasalmost every discipline. In this paper, we suggest PCGS as a solution of the problems and demonstratethe details about the implementation plans, strategies and results. We also inspect the impacts asevaluations with the interviews of each concerned, e.g. speaker, judge and visitor. We expect that thePCGS will be held at other universities.
著者
江間 有沙
出版者
北海道大学高等教育推進機構 高等教育研究部 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, pp.3-16, 2015-12

科学技術と社会の関係が複雑化している現在,「科学技術と社会」関連の授業を開講する大学は今後増えていくだろう.本報告では,科学技術を支える制度や仕組みを理解するための授業プログラムを紹介する.本授業プログラムでは,大人数(300人以上)でピアレビューなどのグループワークを行ったり,実験レポートを作成する課題をこなしたりすることによって,文科系の学部学生にテクノロジー・アセスメントや研究倫理について体験的な理解を促すことを目的としている.これらのグループワークやレポート課題には,大学生として身につけてほしいリサーチリテラシーやビジネスメール・告知ビラの書き方など実践的方法を学べる工夫も施されている.また授業で扱った概念や事例を4コマ漫画で説明する課題をこなすことによって,文科系の学部学生が科学技術を身近に感じ,彼らの日常生活に引き寄せて考えられるような「科学技術と社会」の授業とすることを目的としている.
著者
内村 直之
出版者
北海道大学高等教育推進機構 高等教育研究部 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, pp.165-172, 2015-12

理化学研究所 発生・再生科学総合研究センターで2014 年に起こった研究不正とそれをめぐる危機をきっかけに,研究者,広報担当者,マスメディア関係者が集まったシンポジウム「研究成果をなぜ発表しどのように伝えるか」(2015 年4 月28 日,北海道大学)での議論を踏まえ, ①一般市民と専門家 ②研究組織と個人研究者 ③科学広報と科学ジャーナリズム,という3点について,まとめた.
著者
杉山 滋郎
出版者
北海道大学科学技術コミュニケーター養成ユニット
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.61-86, 2008

Not a few scientists did write their scientific papers inr omaji (or Roman script) or advocated to write Japanese in romaji in the period between 1880s and 1940s. Other people than scientists, such as Japanese linguists, educators, politicians and businessmen, were indeed among proponents of writing in romaji. And those people working in different sectors in society united to carry out campaigns to promulgate among the public the use of romaji in writing Japanese sentences. The campaigns have been designated Romanization Movement. Why, then, did scientists get involved in the movement? Did they have any interest specific to scientists in writing in romaji? Did they present any distinctive causes as scientists in the movement? The paper aims to answer these questions in taking into account the following circumstances that Japanese scientists had to meet after Meiji Restoration in 1868. Scientists generally communicate their achievements not only to the members of scientific community but also to the general public in cooperation with educators, science journalists, and others. However, when Japanese scholars started scientific research in 1870s, all members of scientific communities around the world, except those of fledgling societies in Japan, did not understand Japanese, while the general public who were to absorb scientific ideas only knew Japanese language and could use kanji (or Chinese character), and kana (or phonetic syllabic script consisting of two separate forms of katakana and hiragana), though they were troubled with kanji's complexity and inconvenience. The analysis that follows explicates what happened with regard to language, terms, and script used in scientific communications between scientists, and scientists and the public in a country where native language was not English or other Western language commonly used in scientific world. The paper also discusses what the history of the Romanization Movement implies for science communication in these days in Japan.