著者
贄田 秀世 大井 晴男 鈴木 博人
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究 (ISSN:09167293)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, pp.227-231, 1999-05-01 (Released:2010-06-15)
参考文献数
5

明治期の鉄道橋として主に採用された鉄桁の形式は、力学的に構造が単純で製作が容易なプレートガーダー (鈑桁) である。なかでも、御雇い英国人技術者C.Aポーナルにより設計された一連のプレートガーダーは、官鉄や日本鉄道等で大量に製作架設されたため、今尚、全国各地に残存しているものが多数ある。その後、鉄路の伸展とともに機関車も大型化され、耐荷力不足となったため、下級線区や道路橋として改造転用されている。本稿では、ポーナル桁を転用改造し鉄道こ線道路橋としたなかで、コンクリートで被覆された特異な形態について調査したものである。
著者
岡 暁子 高橋 日出男 中島 虹 鈴木 博人
出版者
公益社団法人 日本地理学会
雑誌
E-journal GEO (ISSN:18808107)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.1, pp.233-245, 2019 (Released:2019-07-03)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
1 1

本研究では,東京都と埼玉県を主な対象とし,15年間の夏季(6~9月)における,稠密な降水量観測網(290地点)の時間降水量データを用いて,降水域(≧5 mm/h)の局地性と広域性に着目して強雨(≧20 mm/h)発現の地域的な特性を解析した.その結果,関東山地東麓と都区部西部や北部で局地的強雨の頻度が高く,それによる降水量も多い.全強雨に占める局地的強雨の頻度割合は,都区部北部から埼玉県東部で大きく,総降水量への寄与も大きい.一方,関東山地や埼玉県西部,多摩地域では広域的な降水に伴う強雨の頻度や降水量が多い.また,南風時に都心の数十km風下側の埼玉県東部で夏季を通して局地的強雨の頻度割合が大きいことに関し,強雨発現と風系との関係を調べた.局地的強雨には基本的に風の収束が関与しており,いわゆるE-S型風系だけでなく,関東平野内陸からの北風に伴う収束や,相模湾からの南風と東京湾からの南東風との収束も重要と考えられた.
著者
加藤 隆 鈴木 博
出版者
横浜国立大学教育学部附属理科教育実習施設
雑誌
横浜国立大学教育学部理科教育実習施設研究報告
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.77-97, 1992-03-27

According to MIYAKE (1978, 1982), there have been three species of the mole crabs, Hippa adactyla FABRICIUS, H. truncatifrons (MIERS) and H. pacifica (DANA) (Hippidae, Anomura, Decapoda, Crustacea) in the Japanese waters. Only one species, H. adactyla have been known from Sagami Bay. In the course of this study, the latter species, H. truncatifrons and H. pacifica were newly found from Sagami Bay, and H. truncatifrons predominates among the three species throughout the studied areas. In this study, the authors described and illustrated their distribution, variation of the body, colourations, growth rate, and feeding and mating habits. The authors also studies complete larval development of H. truncatifron. The larvae are reared in the laboratory and passed through five zoeal and one glaucothoe stages and reached to the first crab stage. All the larval and the first crab stages are described and illustrated herein, and some brief comparision and discussion with other related species are also given.
著者
鈴木 博雄
出版者
横浜国立大学
雑誌
横浜国立大学教育紀要 (ISSN:05135656)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.1-34, 1962-03-30

This thesis tried to inquire the social background of the private schools in the feudal age from a historical stand of view. In middle age of Japan, there were few higher schools because of a internal war continued through the middle age. After the war, in the begininng of Tokugawa era, some private schools were appeared as a center of the movement for cultural and educational enlightenment. The typical schools in these private schools were Matunaga Sekigo's school which was established in 1637, Yamazaki Ansai's school which was established in 1655, Nakae Toju's school which was established in 1635 and Kinoshita Junan's school which was established in 1645. These typical school were founded in or near Kyoto which is a center of culture in the feudal age. In these school, Chinese Confucianism were taught as a moral teachings for not only warrior class but merchant and peasantry. In the middle of Tokugawa era, Ito Jinsai's school and Ogiu Sorai's school were most famous private schools. The former were established in Kyoto (1662) chiefly for merchant and peasantry. The latter were established in Tokyo (1709) chiefly for warrior class. They had a critical thought against Chu, Hsi (1130-1200)'s moral teachings which was most popular educational thought at that time. They improved educational methods, for example, Kaidoku-group reading methods-were used by both school at first. Teaching methods for the pronunciation of Chinese also improved by Ogiu Sorai's school.
著者
鈴木 博之 四郎翁姆
出版者
言語記述研究会
雑誌
言語記述論集 = JOURNAL OF KIJUTSUKEN(Descriptive Linguistics Study Group) (ISSN:2432244X)
巻号頁・発行日
no.9, pp.23-42, 2017-04-30

This article presents a story named Origin of highland barley’s seeds narrated in the Lhagang dialect of Minyag Rabgang Khams Tibetan with linguistic glossing, translation, and annotation. This story is not transmitted in the speech community of Lhagang Tibetan, but well known as one of the Tibetan traditional oral stories in Chinese, circulated as a part of books as well as online articles. The present version is artificially composed: after memorising several Chinese versions, the second author, native speaker of Lhagang Tibetan, narrated without referring to the Chinese text. Therefore, it is of an experimental nature as a linguistic material and we will examine how the narrative style has been influenced by the translation process other than a general analysis of a narrative.The analysis shows that:● this narrative version lacks a hearsay marker, probably because it is not orally transmitted;● aorist is a default TAM marker in the narrative; and,● irregular use of the ergative marker is attested.
著者
鈴木 博之
出版者
バイオメカニズム学会
雑誌
バイオメカニズム学会誌 = Journal of the Society of Biomechanisms (ISSN:02850885)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.4, pp.199-204, 2005-11-01
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
2

夢が睡眠中のいつ起こっているかという疑問に対し,REM睡眠中に起こるという解答が既に得られていると一般的には考えられている.しかし,NREM睡眠時の夢の存在を主張する研究者も多く,夢発生のメカニズムに関しては未だ議論が続いている.従来の夢研究には,報告された夢が目覚める以前のいつ起こった体験か確認することが出来ないという方法論的問題点があった.そのため,夢とREM・NREM睡眠の明確な対応関係は検討されてこなかった.この問題点を解決するために,我々は20分間の睡眠区間を40分間の間隔をおいて78時間連続して繰り返し,各睡眠区間後に得られた夢と20分間の睡眠状態の関係を検討した.その結果得られたREM・NREM睡眠時それぞれの夢の特徴と,今回初めて明らかになった夢発生の概日変動について解説する.
著者
加藤 一夫 鈴木 博
出版者
横浜国立大学教育学部附属理科教育実習施設
雑誌
横浜国立大学教育学部理科教育実習施設研究報告
巻号頁・発行日
no.2, pp.1-8, 1985-03-25

ヒライソガニにおける胸脚除去に伴う脱皮間期の短縮は,脚除去の数の増加にしたがって顕著となる。これはアカテガニにおける研究結果と類似する。多くの脚除去は第1回目の脱皮に続く第2回目の脱皮間期の短縮も誘発する傾向が認められる。脱皮による体長の増加率は,対象では17.5%であったが,脚除去数に伴ってその値は減少し,すべての胸脚を除去した状態ではその値は1%であった。
著者
鈴木 博章
出版者
筑波大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2002

本研究では蚊を模倣した超低侵襲微小血糖値分析システムの実現を目的とした。このシステムは、血糖値(グルコース)測定用マイクログルコースセンサ、サンプリング機構、微小針から構成される。本研究ではサンプリング機構につき重点的に検討を行い、特に夜間などに長時間かけて徐々に吸引できるものをめざした。上記のサンプリング機構を実現するために、poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)/acrylic acid共重合ゲルに酵素(グルコースオキシダーゼ)を包括したものを作製した。酵素反応に伴うpH変化をゲルの体積変化の駆動力とした。ゲルの体積変化はシリコーンゴムダイヤフラムを介し、微小流路内の圧力変化に変換され、サンプル溶液が吸引・排出される。センサ作用極上には、妨害物質の影響を低減し、測定可能な濃度範囲を拡張するため、Nafion膜およびpolyHEMA膜を形成した。サンプリング機構は約10時間にわたり、ほぼ一定の流量で外部液を吸引することができた。Nafion膜被覆グルコースセンサの選択性を調べたところ、グルコース比で、アスコルビン酸に対し約1%、尿酸に対し約1%、アセトアミノフェンに対し約33%の応答が認められ、Nafion膜により妨害物質の影響を低減できることが示された。また、polyHEMA膜を拡散制限膜として形成することにより、微小流路中で測定した場合の検量線の直線範囲が30mM付近まで拡張された。微小針を緩衝液を充填したチューブに刺して緩衝液を吸引させ、その後さまざまなグルコース溶液の充填したチューブにシステムを刺し変え、これに対する応答を連続的に調べた。グルコース濃度の変化に対する明瞭な電流値の変化が認められ、このシステムが実際に機能していることが確認できた。
著者
鈴木 博人
出版者
社団法人日本気象学会
雑誌
天気 (ISSN:05460921)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.11, pp.805-816, 2004-11-30
参考文献数
12
被引用文献数
2

日本における大雨の出現頻度の経年変化を明らかにすることを目的に,日本全国の気象官署18箇所を対象に1950年から2003年の54年間におけるひと雨の1,3,6,12,24時間降水量及び総降水量の再現期間が2,5,10年以上の大雨の出現頻度の経年変化を分析した.暖候季(5月から10月)における大雨の出現頻度には,大雨の時間スケールや基準によらず,全般的に1950年代から1960年代前半にかけて高く,1960年代後半から1980年代にかけて低く,1990年代以降が最も高いという変動傾向がみられる.ただし,3,6時間降水量の再現期間が2年以上の大雨の出現頻度は1990年代以降だけが高い傾向にあり,特に1990年代後半に高い傾向にある.また,1950年から2003年の期間後半の大雨の出現頻度の増加傾向はほとんどの場合に有意な期間があるが,期間前半の減少傾向に有意な期間がみられるのは一部の場合のみである.梅雨季(5月から7月)及び台風季(8月から10月)における再現期間が2年以上の大雨の出現頻度は,大雨の時間スケールによって変動傾向に違いがみられるが,いずれの季節も1990年代以降は高い傾向にある.
著者
鈴木 博之
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会論文報告集 (ISSN:03871185)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.226, pp.85-94,105, 1974

Christopher Dresser (1834-1904) was an unique designer in the history of modern design. Many art historians, for example, Sir Nikolaus Pevsner in his "Pioneers of Modern Design" and Robert Schmutzler in his "Art Nouveau-Jugendstil", highly appreciated him as a revolutional designer. Dresser's design seems very functional and "modern". But it was not only the result of functional study but also the result of looking into fundamental form. It is true that he studied function of the shape of the pot, but it was only one of his interests. At the same time, he was deeply interested in the study of natural form and of an artistic arrangement of decorative forms. In 1873, he published "the Principles of Decorative Design", which had close relation to Owen Jones' "The Grammer of Ornament" and even to A.W.N. Pugin's "The True Principles of Pointed or Christian Architecture" in 1841. These authors were inquiring into fundamental form and arrangement of decoration. Pugin's principles were based on the Catholic religion, Owen Jones' principles were based on the natural forms. And Dresser found the Energy and the Force as his basic principles for design. Dresser's principles, however, were not completely abstruct ones. He, then, caught a chance to visit Japan. His travelling through Japan from 1877 to 1878 shows characteristics of the principles of his design. He visited Yokohama, Kobe, Osaka, Nara, Kyoto, Nikko, Tokyo and many other places. He was interested in many of Japanese designs, especially, in such decorative designs as mausolea at Nikko and Shiba. It seems that the decorative arrangement in Japanese Art greatly inspired him, and that he had confidence that his principles were true. After returning to Britain, he created many revolutional designs. In these designs, however, we could not find any Japanese motives. But he must have been greatly inspired by Japanese Art. He was inspired not by forms but by the method of convention and arrangement of them. Contents of the thesis are as follows. I. Introduction II. Chronology III. Dresser and Cole's Circle and the South Kensington IV. Travelling to Japan in 1877 V. Controversies on "Japanese Village" and against J. Conder VI. Dresser's Principles
著者
鈴木 博
出版者
一般社団法人 日本甲殻類学会
雑誌
甲殻類の研究
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.52-60, 1967
被引用文献数
1

This paper deals with the sacculinization occurred in a male of the pea crab, Pinnetheres sinensis Shen. The specimen was found living commensally within the mantle cavity of the common bivalved shell, Mytilus edulis Linne, obtained on the coast of Tokyo Bay in October, 1964. The body of the adult normal male of Pinnotheres sinensis is rather flat and solid, much smaller than the normal female which has the grobular and soft-shelled body. Even in the largest male, the length of carapace is less than one half that of the fully grown female. In the male, the chela is somewhat thickset compared with that of the female and its propodus furnished with 10-13 setae near the distal end of the anterior border. In second and third pairs of the male ambulatory legs, the carapus is crossed by an oblique row of long feathered hairs, and the propodus fringed with same hairs along the anterior borders. The dactylus of all pairs is claw-shaped and shorter than the propodus. In the female, the dactylus of the last ambulatory leg is rod-shaped and longer than the propodus, furnished with longish hairs along the inner border, with short hairs around the whole surface in distal half. The width of the male abdomen is much narrower than that of the female-about one fifth the length of the carapace, and its sixth abdominal segment has a hook-shaped process on the lateral margin. Of the two pairs of male pleopods, the posterior one has a short flatty exopodite. Of the four pairs of female pleopods, the posterior two are uniramous and has no exopodite (Fig. 1). The external morphological modifications are seen in the male, by sacculinization, as shown in the following: a) The size of the body becomes comparatively larger than in the normal male, and its exoskeleton becomes softend as in the female body (P1. VI). B) The chela becomes somewhat slender and the setae on the propodus are replaced by soft longish hairs, covering the distal surface of both fingers (Fig. 2, 3). C) The long feathered hairs seen on the second and third ambulatory legs are worn out and the dactylus of the fourth ambulatory leg is longer than the propodus, furnished with long hairs as seen in the female (Fig. 2, 1). D) The width of abdomen is broadened; the lateral margin of the sixth segment becomes entire and with marginal hairs (Fig. 3). E) No change of form seems to occur in the first pleopod except for its tip. The carified bridge at the foot of the first pleopod is rudimented. The exopodite of the second pleopod is well developed and covered with long soft hairs. No pleopod is seen in the third abdominal segment, while in the fourth abdominal segment, a uniramous appendage is seen on the right side (Fig. 3 and 4). The internal morphological modifications are seen in testis and midgut gland. These organs are entirely rudimented, being only represented by withered cells. The roots of the parasite glowing thickly around the vas deferens, the midgut gland, the anterior portion of intestine, and the thoracic ganglion. In vas deferens, however, sperms and spermatophores are still seen filling the duct. The penetration of roots of the parasite into the thoracic ganglion has already been investigated by the previous authors (MATSUMOTO K. (1952) and HOSHINO K. (1962)), so the author's present investigation is confined to that of the vas deferens.
著者
鈴木 博之
出版者
日本生理心理学会
雑誌
生理心理学と精神生理学 (ISSN:02892405)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.17-34, 2007-04-30 (Released:2012-11-27)
参考文献数
53

近年の研究は睡眠中にも覚醒時と同様に情報処理が行われていることを示している。本論文は睡眠中の情報処理を1) 入力 : 睡眠中の外部刺激への反応, 2) 処理 : 睡眠中に起こる学習した記憶の固定と向上, 3) 出力 : 夢出現の時間的特性と夢内容の特徴, の観点から概観する。睡眠中は外部の刺激への反応が減少するが, 注意や動機づけといった心理的機能は維持されている。ある種の手続き記憶と宣言的記憶の向上には練習後の睡眠が必要である。夢は朝方に頻繁に起こり, 変化した意味記憶の連合が独特な夢の内容と関連している。睡眠中の情報処理に関する研究の発展は人間の認知機能と心的活動のさらなる理解を提供するであろう。
著者
鈴木 博之
出版者
バイオメカニズム学会
雑誌
バイオメカニズム学会誌 (ISSN:02850885)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.4, pp.199-204, 2005 (Released:2007-10-23)
参考文献数
26

夢が睡眠中のいつ起こっているかという疑問に対し,REM睡眠中に起こるという解答が既に得られていると一般的には考えられている.しかし,NREM睡眠時の夢の存在を主張する研究者も多く,夢発生のメカニズムに関しては未だ議論が続いている.従来の夢研究には,報告された夢が目覚める以前のいつ起こった体験か確認することが出来ないという方法論的問題点があった.そのため,夢とREM・NREM睡眠の明確な対応関係は検討されてこなかった.この問題点を解決するために,我々は20分間の睡眠区間を40分間の間隔をおいて78時間連続して繰り返し,各睡眠区間後に得られた夢と20分間の睡眠状態の関係を検討した.その結果得られたREM・NREM睡眠時それぞれの夢の特徴と,今回初めて明らかになった夢発生の概日変動について解説する.
著者
鈴木 博之
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会論文報告集 (ISSN:03871185)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.226, pp.85-94,105, 1974-12-30 (Released:2017-08-22)

Christopher Dresser (1834-1904) was an unique designer in the history of modern design. Many art historians, for example, Sir Nikolaus Pevsner in his "Pioneers of Modern Design" and Robert Schmutzler in his "Art Nouveau-Jugendstil", highly appreciated him as a revolutional designer. Dresser's design seems very functional and "modern". But it was not only the result of functional study but also the result of looking into fundamental form. It is true that he studied function of the shape of the pot, but it was only one of his interests. At the same time, he was deeply interested in the study of natural form and of an artistic arrangement of decorative forms. In 1873, he published "the Principles of Decorative Design", which had close relation to Owen Jones' "The Grammer of Ornament" and even to A.W.N. Pugin's "The True Principles of Pointed or Christian Architecture" in 1841. These authors were inquiring into fundamental form and arrangement of decoration. Pugin's principles were based on the Catholic religion, Owen Jones' principles were based on the natural forms. And Dresser found the Energy and the Force as his basic principles for design. Dresser's principles, however, were not completely abstruct ones. He, then, caught a chance to visit Japan. His travelling through Japan from 1877 to 1878 shows characteristics of the principles of his design. He visited Yokohama, Kobe, Osaka, Nara, Kyoto, Nikko, Tokyo and many other places. He was interested in many of Japanese designs, especially, in such decorative designs as mausolea at Nikko and Shiba. It seems that the decorative arrangement in Japanese Art greatly inspired him, and that he had confidence that his principles were true. After returning to Britain, he created many revolutional designs. In these designs, however, we could not find any Japanese motives. But he must have been greatly inspired by Japanese Art. He was inspired not by forms but by the method of convention and arrangement of them. Contents of the thesis are as follows. I. Introduction II. Chronology III. Dresser and Cole's Circle and the South Kensington IV. Travelling to Japan in 1877 V. Controversies on "Japanese Village" and against J. Conder VI. Dresser's Principles