著者
Ki Hun Cho Mi-Ran Hong Won-Kyung Song
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.4, pp.580-583, 2018 (Released:2018-04-20)
参考文献数
15

[Purpose] This study aimed to assess whether robotic rehabilitation can improve upper limb function, activities of daily living performance, and kinematic performance of chronic stroke survivors. [Subjects and Methods] Participants were 21 chronic stroke survivors (19 men; 60.8 years; Mini-Mental State Examination score: 28; onset duration: 10.2 years). Training exercises were performed with a Whole Arm Manipulator and a 120-inch projective display to provide visual and auditory feedback. Once the training began, red and grey balls appeared on the projective display, and participants performed reaching movements, in the assist-as-needed mode, toward 6 directional targets in a 3-dimensional space. All participants received training for 40 minutes per day, thrice per week, for 6 weeks. Main outcome measures were upper limb function (Fugl-Meyer Assessment, Action Research Arm Test, and Box and Blocks Test scores), activities of daily living performance (Modified Barthel Index), and kinematic performance (movement velocity) in 6 directions. [Results] After 6 weeks, significant improvement was observed in upper limb function, activities of daily living performance, and kinematic performance. [Conclusion] This study demonstrated the positive effects of robotic rehabilitation on upper limb function, activities of daily living performance, and kinematic performance in chronic stroke survivors.
著者
滝波 章弘
出版者
The Human Geographical Society of Japan
雑誌
人文地理 (ISSN:00187216)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.4, pp.340-362, 1998-08-28 (Released:2009-04-28)
参考文献数
63
被引用文献数
2 or 0

What do tourists experience in travel? What is the meaning of contemporary tourism? These questions have been proposed since the mid 1970's by geographers, anthropologists, and psychologists of tourism in the English-speaking world. Most of the studies attempt to verify MacCanell's theory of authenticity, Turner's process of communitas or Cohen's systematic typology of tourist experience. Are these hypothesis also applicable to the Japanese contemporary tourist experience?The popular travel monthly“Tabi”proves an indispensable source concerning Japanese tourism. Each edition contains travel essays contributed by readers. I compared 155 travel writings in“Tabi”from 1992 to 1995 with the contributors ranging from the young to the aged.In the first analysis, I examined three hypothesis. Turner's communitas was verified only in 3 essays; MacCanell's authenticity in 25 essays; and Cohen's typology in 47 essays. These results show that the existing models are insufficient to explain the Japanese tourist experience.In the second analysis, I tried to treat the 155 travel narratives without hypothesis. Based upon the structuralist textual analysis, I extracted six main subjects: encounter of people, perception of panorama or landscape, discovery of another world, observation of culture and history, solution of problem which arise during travel, and recognition of ones life.The relations between the demographic category and the subjects of tourist experience are summarized as follows. The younger writers emphasize the spatial contrast: they often compare their chosen destination with their everyday environment, and the smaller places they explored with popular tourist sites. The comparison is not neutral: what is unknown or idyllic is evaluated positively, while what is popular or metropolitan is portrayed negatively. The older writers are likely to underline the spatio-temporal contrast: they frequently speak of a spiritual experience following an ordeal, e.g., reverence of a panoramic view after a painful ascent. In terms of encounter, the nuance between age-groups is also clear. The younger tend to analyze systematically the encounter: they underline the contrast between the fragile tourist from the city and the kind and tough local people. For the older, the encounter is more realistic: there exists mutual communication between the local and the tourist.Regarding gender, more of the men observe the culture, history, and life style of the destination than women. Observation often leads to comprehension by accompanying the discourse of cultural comparison between native country and destination. On the other hand, women are more concerned with the solution of problems which may happen in their travel. In some cases, they write about the aid given by a local person in an encountered difficult situation; and in other cases they stress their sense of accomplishment after surmounting difficulties. Women are more concerned with self-presentation than men.Under divers tourist experiences, we can find out one common structure the spatiotemporal contrast. Men seek the spatial contrast between life-space and tourist space, between famous place and little place, and so on. Women pursue temporal contrast between difficult situation and accomplishment, between assisted tourist and assisting local person, and so on.The structure of contrast in the tourist experience resembles the system of objects proposed by Baudrillard. Both try to contrast some elements with others: goods in Baudrillard, and spatio-temporal experiences in travel writings. In this respect, we can say that travel writing is a part of a contemporary semiotic world. But we can also remark that there is a considerable difference: the contrast is symmetric in the system of goods and asymmetric in the narrative of travel. The asymmetry of the latter is the result of the real space.
著者
笹部 昌利
出版者
佛教大学
雑誌
佛教大学総合研究所紀要 (ISSN:13405942)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.25-44, 2001-03-25

The theme of this paper is to analyze the contribution of Sanetomi Sanjo (三条実美) towards the growth of political awareness and its subsequent utilization in his political campaign. Sanetsumu Sanjo (三条実万), Sanetomi's father, and Oribe Tomita (富田織部), a feudatory of his family, were his mentors. His growing involvement with political issues led him to interfer with the personal affairs of the Imperial Court, and to request dispatching a "tyokushi" (勅使) delegation to the Tokugawa Shogunate in Bunkyu 2 (1862). In September of Bunkyu 2 (1862), Sanetomi himself was appointed as tyokushi. As a result of this important appointment, his influence gradualry increased and he secured himself the right to speak in the "tyougi" ( 朝議 ) administration meetings. Sanetomi's infuluence was further boosted when he led a special mission requesting "zyoui"(攘夷) to the Tokugawa Shogunate. His involvement led the Imperial court nobles and state daimyos (大名) to recorgnise. Sanetomi as a leader of the "zyoui" campaign. As a result, his authority in Kyoto was entrenched and deepened by the support of the "Choshu-han Mouri family", as they themselves had vested interest in Sanetomi's influence and "zyoui" campaign. In August of Bunkyu 3 (1863), the Mouri family was expelled from the government. As a result, Sanetomi also decided to settle with the Mouri family in Yamaguchi thereby showing symbolicially his identification with Mauri family struggle for political justice. After the Meiji Restoration, Mouri family was given recognition and political justice for their efforts in the "zyoui" campaign. As a result, Sanetomi's contribution was also acknowledge and he was emerged as a radical politician of modern Japan.
著者
リヒタ ウヴェ 渡部 貞昭 Uwe Richter Sadaaki Watanabe
出版者
岩手県立大学総合政策学会
雑誌
総合政策 = Journal of policy studies (ISSN:13446347)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.2, pp.251-254, 2003-09-30

2002年1月21日、連邦憲法裁判所(BVG)は、連邦政府、連邦参議院、連邦議会が前年に提出した極右政党ドイツ国民民主党の禁止の申請に関する、2002年2月に定められた口頭弁論の日程をすべて中止した。理由は、申請側の全部で14名におよぶ証人のうちの1名が、憲法擁護機関がNPDの内部に保持した長年のスパイであったことであった。この政治的スキャンダルで、今やNPDの禁止ではなく、ドイツの情報機関、およびその極右政党内部に存するスパイの役割が問われることになった。Am 31.1.2002 kippte das Bundesverfassungsgericht (BVG) uberraschend alle fur Februar 2002 angesetzten mundlichen Verhandlungstermine uber den ein Jahr zuvor von Bundesregierung, Bundesrat und Bundestag eingereichten Antrag auf ein Verbot der rechtsradikalen Nationaldemokratischen Partei Deutschlands (NPD). Der Grund : einer der insgesamt 14 Zeugen der Antragsteller war gleichzeitig ein langjahriger Spitzel des Verfassungsschutzes innerhalb der NPD. Der politische Skandal war da : statt dem NPD-Verbot standen nun die deutschen Geheimdienste auf dem Prufstand und die Rolle ihrer Agenten innerhalb der rechtsradikalen Partei
著者
小林 武志
巻号頁・発行日
2017-03-23

Hokkaido University(北海道大学). 博士(獣医学)
著者
Yuka Hamada Takuma Yanaoka Kyoko Kashiwabara Kuran Kurata Ryo Yamamoto Susumu Kanno Tomonori Ando Masashi Miyashita
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.4, pp.625-629, 2018 (Released:2018-04-20)
参考文献数
14

[Purpose] This study examined the effects of gum chewing while walking on physical and physiological functions. [Subjects and Methods] This study enrolled 46 male and female participants aged 21–69 years. In the experimental trial, participants walked at natural paces for 15 minutes while chewing two gum pellets after a 1-hour rest period. In the control trial, participants walked at natural paces for 15 minutes after ingesting powder containing the same ingredient, except the gum base, as the chewing gum. Heart rates, walking distances, walking speeds, steps, and energy expenditure were measured. [Results] Heart rates during walking and heart rate changes (i.e., from at rest to during walking) significantly increased during the gum trial compared with the control trial. Walking distance, walking speed, walking heart rate, and heart rate changes in male participants and walking heart rate and heart rate changes in female participants were significantly higher during the gum trial than the control trial. In middle-aged and elderly male participants aged ≥40 years, walking distance, walking speed, steps, and energy expenditure significantly increased during the gum trial than the control trial. [Conclusion] Gum chewing while walking measurably affects physical and physiological functions.
著者
小西 敏正 茶谷 正洋 青木 義次
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会論文報告集 (ISSN:03871185)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.297, pp.71-77, 1980-11-30 (Released:2017-08-22)

The purpose of this study is to give graphical expression to the building system by symbolized building joints. On the assumption that a building is considered as a thing that is assembled systematically by building members, the organization of building members should be expressed by three kinds of matrix. ie. jointing matrix, building member matrix, joint parts matrix. By this way, not only the whole form but details can be expressed and analysis of organization of building become easy.
著者
村田 剛
出版者
社団法人 日本写真学会
雑誌
日本写真学会誌 (ISSN:03695662)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.5, pp.243-248, 2010 (Released:2012-02-19)
参考文献数
6

写真のデジタル化は,カメラボディーだけでなくレンズにも大きな変化をもたらした.ゴーストとフレアーは,我々が写真を撮影する際に,レンズ表面の反射によって発生する良く知られた問題であるが,ローパスフィルター表面からの強い反射光や撮像素子からの回折光のため,デジタルカメラにおけるこれら迷光の防止は,フィルムカメラよりも困難である.このような迷光を防止するため,我々は反射防止膜に超低屈折率層を導入することにより反射防止膜の性能を向上することを試みた.我々は超低屈折率を有するフッ化物多孔質層を形成するためにゾル-ゲル法を用い,高性能な反射防止膜を形成するための独自のプロセスを開発することに成功した.