著者
池田 久美子
出版者
信州豊南短期大学
雑誌
信州豊南短期大学紀要 = Bulletin of Shinshu Honan Junior College (ISSN:1346034X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, pp.105-122, 2001-03-03

本を読ませ、「疑問・分からないことを書きなさい。」と指示する。それに応えて学生は、自分が分からないと感じる事柄を書く。この、学生が分からないと感じる事柄は、多様である。だから、それぞれの分からなさに対してどう指導すべきかも、多様でありうる。どう指導すべきかを考えるためには、学生の分からなさの実態を知らなければならない。分からなさの実態=症状に基づいて、どこでどうつまずいているかを診断しなければ、的確に指導=治療することは出来ない。学生の思考の実態を診断する診断学が必要である。本稿では、学生が分からないと感じる事柄を分類する。分類してみると、そこに複数の型を見出すことが出来る。この型は、指導方法の違いに対応する。型が違えば、指導方法はそれに併せて変わる。型は、的確な指導方法を構想するための手がかりである。
著者
Ana L. LANFRANCHI Norma H. SARDELLA
出版者
Japanese Society for Food Science and Technology
雑誌
Food Science and Technology Research (ISSN:13446606)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.5, pp.499-504, 2010 (Released:2010-11-17)
参考文献数
22
被引用文献数
4

Some studies support the effectiveness in controlling nematodes in fishes for human consumption by freezing at –20°C and by cooking at 74°C by microwave process. The aim of this work was to analyse the effect of different treatments over anisakids from Argentinean fishes. The known anisakids in fishes from Argentina belong to genera Hysterothylacium, Terranova, Anisakis, Contracaecum and Pseudoterranova, being the three latest recognised as pathogens for human. Living larvae of anisakids obtained from fishes were used for survival assessment. Some parasites were kept in NaCl (0.85%) at 4-5.5°C until death. Anisakis, Terranova, Pseudoterranova, Contracaecum and Hysterothylacium survived during 330, 75, 75, 210 and 90 days, respectively. For freezing, microwaving and salting treatments, infected fillets were exposed at –20°C until 24 hours, 1 minute at 64.05°C and 75.56°C and to salt during 24 hours, respectively. No surviving anisakids were observed neither after freezing nor salting. Anisakis sp. survived at 64.05°C.
著者
田中 正
出版者
学校法人滝川学園 名古屋文理大学
雑誌
名古屋文理大学紀要 (ISSN:13461982)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.99-101, 2006-03-31 (Released:2019-07-01)

親子関係がいかなる状態にあるかは子どもの成長のうえで重要な要素になっている.本研究は,人間形成のうえで重要な要素をなしている親子関係それ自体を取り上げ,父子関係と母子関係別に息子と娘によってそれぞれどうとらえられているのか(性差)をみたものである.結果として,父子関係では男女によって違いがあり,男子は父が自分に対して統制的で厳しいととらえ,女子は父が受容的でやさしいととらえる傾向にあること.父子関係を親子関係の型別でみると「拒否的自律型(放任型)」,「拒否型」,「拒否的統制型(残酷型)」で男子は女子に比べて多くなり,女子では「受容的統制型(過保護型)」,「受容的自律型(甘やかし型)」が多くなること.母子関係では男子,女子の違いによる性差が現れないこと.また母子関係を親子関係の型別でみても性差は現れないことが分かった.いずれにしても父子関係の場合には,母子関係とは異なり,父-息子関係と父-娘関係とが違っていることは確かであり,世に言う父が娘に甘く息子に厳しいというのは現実であり,リアルな事実である.
著者
天野 晶子 石神 昭人
出版者
公益社団法人 日本ビタミン学会
雑誌
ビタミン (ISSN:0006386X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.1, pp.24-26, 2009-01-25 (Released:2017-10-10)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
1
著者
Kazuo Saito
出版者
Meteorological Society of Japan
雑誌
SOLA (ISSN:13496476)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.222-227, 2019 (Released:2019-11-12)
参考文献数
27

It is well known that northward winds are often observed at southern coastal areas of Japan when a developed tropical cyclone is located off the south coast of Japan. These northward winds have been frequently referred to the northward emission of warm and humid air from the typhoon which cause pre-typhoon rainfalls, but their mechanism has not been clarified. In this paper, we show that the northward wind can be explained by the ageostrophic wind components dynamically induced by acceleration vector round the tropical cyclone. On 7 October 2009, when a developed typhoon (T0918 Melor) approached Japan, distinct northward winds were observed at aerological observations over western Japan. Using numerical simulations with the Japan Meteorological Agency nonhydrostatic model, we reproduced the observed northward wind and their mechanism were examined by numerical experiments. The origin of the northward winds is explained by the ageostrophic winds dynamically induced by the acceleration vectors. When a typhoon approaches a baroclinic zone from south, northeastward ageostrophic winds are induced by southeastward acceleration vectors. Other possible causes (diabatic heating and orographic effect) are examined by sensitivity experiments. Diabatic heating by moist process acts to enhance the ageostrophic winds but the role is not primary. Orography has little effect on the observed ageostrophic wind. Non-axisymmetric features of the upper level divergence flow of a tropical cyclone near a baroclinic zone can also be elucidated by the similar mechanism of the ageostrophic winds.
著者
Abd. Rahman As-syakur Keiji Imaoka Kakuji Ogawara Manabu D. Yamanaka Tasuku Tanaka Yuji Kashino I Wayan Nuarsa Takahiro Osawa
出版者
Meteorological Society of Japan
雑誌
SOLA (ISSN:13496476)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.216-221, 2019 (Released:2019-11-08)
参考文献数
28

We analyzed 3-hourly Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission multi-satellite analysis (TRMM 3B42) version-7 data for the 17-year period 1998-2014 to investigate seasonal and geographic characteristics of the diurnal rainfall cycle (DRC) over Sumatera, Indonesia. Dividing Sumatera into north, central, and south regions approximately perpendicular to the west coast, we point out for the first time early-afternoon initiation of daily rainfall not only in the Barisan Mountains but also in the east-coastal small islands (ECSIs) such as Bangka and Belitung. Westward and eastward migrations of rainfall areas from the Barisan Mountains are varied with seasons and regions, with the most remarkable being westward during September-October-November (SON) in the central region and the least remarkable occurring during June-July-August (JJA) in the southern region. In the central region, the DRC reaches a distance of ∼700 km off the west coast during SON and of only 200 km during March-April-May (MAM). The other westward migrations from the ECSIs in the central and southern regions (except for JJA) have been confirmed by 5-year hourly Multi-functional Transport Satellite-1R (MTSAT-1R) cloud-top data. The results shown in this paper suggest that the rainfall distribution with respect to coastal distance, varying geographically and seasonally.
著者
LIN Yu-Feng WU Chun-Chieh YEN Tzu-Hsiung HUANG Yi-Hsuan LIEN Guo-Yuan
出版者
Meteorological Society of Japan
雑誌
気象集誌. 第2輯 (ISSN:00261165)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2020-006, (Released:2019-11-10)

Using special data from the field program of “Impact of Typhoons on the Ocean in the Pacific” (2010) and an ensemble Kalman filter-based vortex initialization method, this study explores the impact of the Taiwan terrain on the uncertainty in forecasting track, intensity and rainfall of Typhoon Fanapi (2010) based on ensemble simulations. The results show that the presence of Taiwan topography leads to rapid growths of the simulation uncertainty in track and intensity during the landfall period, in particular at the earlier landfall period. The fast moving ensemble members show an earlier southward track deflection as well as the weakening of intensity, resulting in a sudden increase of standard deviation in track and intensity. During the period of offshore departure from Taiwan, our analysis suggests that the latitudinal location of the long-lasting and elongated rainband to the south of tropical cyclone (TC) center has a strong dependence on the latitude of the TC center. In addition, the rainfall uncertainty in southern Taiwan is dominated by the uncertainty of simulated TC rainband, and the latitude of TC track can be regarded as a good predictor of the rainband's location at departure time. It is also found that the rainband develop farther to the south as the topography is elevated. Considering the fact that the rainband impinging the high mountains in the southern Central Mountain Range generates the greatest accumulated rainfall, positions where the rainband associated circulation and its interaction with topography appear to offer an explanation on the uncertainty of the simulated rainfall.