著者
津田 恭充 ツダ ヒサミツ Tsuda Hisamitsu
出版者
大阪大学大学院人間科学研究科対人社会心理学研究室
雑誌
対人社会心理学研究 (ISSN:13462857)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.71-76, 2015

これまでの研究で,曖昧さに対する非耐性がパラノイアの素因であることが示唆されている。曖昧さに対する態度には、従来から議論されているネガティブな態度以外にポジティブな態度も存在するが、後者についてはパラノイアとの関連がまだ明らかでない。そこで本研究では,大学生197名を対象に、曖昧さに対するいかなる態度がパラノイアの素因となりうるのかについて検討を行った。パラノイアの指標として、青年期によくみられるパラノイア的な自己関係づけを測定し、曖昧さへの態度を「曖昧さの享受」、「曖昧さの受容」、「曖昧さへの不安」、「曖昧さの統制」、「曖昧さの排除」の5つの側面から測定した。構造方程式モデリングの結果,曖昧な事態に対して不安を覚える「曖昧さへの不安」や、情報収集などによって曖昧さを統制しようとする「曖昧さの統制」がパラノイアと関連していることがわかった。これは、曖昧さに対するネガティブな態度がパラノイアの素因であるという先行研究と一致する結果であった。
著者
小榑 康雄
出版者
社団法人 農業農村工学会
雑誌
農業土木学会誌 (ISSN:03695123)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.11, pp.1123-1126,a2, 1990-11-01 (Released:2011-08-11)

大規模なダム等では, 通常ポンプ浚渫船による水中掘削によって堆砂除去を行う。しかし, 貯水池の立地条件から, 大型の船の導入は困難な場合が多く, このため掘削深度の制約, 大量掘削ができない等の未解決の問題がある。ここでは, 落水干陸が適当でなかった, 千葉県坂田池 (水資源公団) の施工例に, 琵琶湖浚渫 (高濃度スラリー), 台湾石門ダム (大深度) の例を加えて説明した。
著者
小林 幸夫
出版者
上智大学
雑誌
上智大学国文学科紀要 (ISSN:02895552)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, pp.21-36, 2004-03-01
著者
Chanis PORNNUMPA Kazuki IWAOKA Naofumi AKATA Masahiro HOSODA Atsuyuki SORIMACHI Shinji TOKONAMI
出版者
日本保健物理学会
雑誌
保健物理 (ISSN:03676110)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.2, pp.115-121, 2016 (Released:2016-08-09)

Namie Town, Fukushima Prefecture was instituted as an evacuation zone and a controlled area after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in April, 2011 which immediately resulted in a significant amount of radionuclides leakage to the environment. In this study, a car-borne survey utilizing a NaI(Tl) scintillation survey meter was carried out along ordinary roads and forest areas in Namie Town from September 29th to October 1st, 2011 to measure the absorbed dose rate by gamma-rays from 137Cs (T1/2: 30.05 y) and 134Cs (T1/2: 2.04 y) for the estimation of the radiation levels over long periods of time. The similar surveys were conducted again on August 22nd-24th, 2014 and September 14th-16th, 2015 using a NaI(Tl) scintillation spectrometer. The ratios of data obtained from urban areas to total surveyed areas in the same measurements were 27%, 34% and 48% in 2011, 2014 and 2015, respectively. The ratios of those measured from forest areas and mountain regions were 73%, 66% and 52% in 2011, 2014 and 2015, respectively. The absorbed dose rates in air obtained from these surveys were used to draw dose rate distribution maps to monitor the variation of the dose rates, and the distribution was found to be heterogeneous. The maximum value, minimum value and geometric mean of the absorbed dose rates in air for 2011 were estimated to be 47.6, 0.15 and 3.7 μGy h-1, respectively. The values for 2014 were estimated to be 5.8, 0.09 and 1.2 μGy h-1, respectively. In 2015, the values were estimated to be 5.6, 0.05 and 0.9 μGy h-1, respectively. The annual effective doses in 2014 and 2015 dropped by 66% and 75% from 2011, respectively. The annual effective doses estimated in 2014 and 2015 were lower than the annual effective dose limit of 20 mSv recommended by the Japanese government for an evacuation directive lift in the prepared area.

2 2 2 2 OA 壒嚢鈔 : 15巻

著者
行誉 [著]
出版者
林甚右衛門
巻号頁・発行日
vol.[1], 1646
著者
森田 正典
雑誌
情報処理学会研究報告ヒューマンコンピュータインタラクション(HCI)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1987, no.33(1987-HI-012), pp.1-9, 1987-05-14

日本文入力方式の優劣評価の重要要素である「キー配置の記憶負担量」と、「熟練者の到達入力速度」の二項目について、各種の異なる入力方式の性能を、合理的且つ定量的に比較評価する計算方式を導いた。この計算方式によって、既存の各種方式を比較評価した結果、子音と母音を分離し、且つ音読漢字を左右の一対打鍵で入力できるように工夫した「M方式」が「記憶負担量」において格段に「仮名文字入力方式」に勝るのみでなく、「熟練者入力速度」においても優れていることが明らかになり、既に得られている使用実績を理論的に裏付けることができた。

2 2 2 2 科学朝日

著者
朝日新聞社 [編]
出版者
朝日新聞社
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5(1), no.40, 1945-01
著者
JOHKI Yutaka HIDAKA Toshitaka
出版者
日本応用動物昆虫学会
雑誌
Applied entomology and zoology (ISSN:00036862)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.2, pp.164-172, 1979-05-25
被引用数
1 or 0

Pryeria sinica larvae were given to the lacertid lizards, Takydromus tachdromoides, in other to determine the protective effect of the conspicuous coloration of the larvae. Pryeria larva was protected perfectly from attacks by the lizards because of peculiarsmelling fluid secreted on the body surface of the larva. Yellow and black body color of Pryeria larva had a meaning as the "warning coloration" at least for a lezard. Characteristics of predatory behavior in Takydromus were analyzed and it was indicated that not only visual cues but also other factor(s) played important role in the process of recognition and choice of preys. Such a system appeared to be considerably defferent from that of birds.
著者
François Desmeules Jennifer Boudreault Clermont E. Dionne Pierre Frémont Véronique Lowry Joy C. MacDermid Jean-Sébastien Roy
出版者
Japan Society for Occupational Health
雑誌
Journal of Occupational Health (ISSN:13419145)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.5, pp.389-403, 2016-09-20 (Released:2016-09-30)

Objective: To perform a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the efficacy of therapeutic exercises for workers suffering from rotator cuff (RC) tendinopathy. Methods: A literature search in four bibliographical databases (Pubmed, CINAHL, EMBASE, and PEDro) was conducted from inception up to February 2015. RCTs were included if participants were workers suffering from RC tendinopathy, the outcome measures included work-related outcomes, and at least one of the interventions under study included exercises. The methodological quality of the studies was evaluated with the Cochrane Risk of Bias Assessment tool. Results: The mean methodological score of the ten included studies was 54.4%±17.2%. Types of workers included were often not defined, and work-related outcome measures were heterogeneous and often not validated. Three RCTs of moderate methodological quality concluded that exercises were superior to a placebo or no intervention in terms of function and return-to-work outcomes. No significant difference was found between surgery and exercises based on the results of two studies of low to moderate methodological quality. One study of low methodological quality, comparing a workplace-based exercise program focusing on the participants' work demands to an exercise program delivered in a clinical setting, concluded that the work-based intervention was superior in terms of function and return-to-work outcomes. Conclusion: There is low to moderate-grade evidence that therapeutic exercises provided in a clinical setting are an effective modality to treat workers suffering from RC tendinopathy and to promote return-to-work. Further high quality studies comparing different rehabilitation programs including exercises in different settings with defined workers populations are needed to draw firm conclusions on the optimal program to treat workers.
著者
Adam Powell Daniel M. Cowing Susanne P. Eriksson Magnus L. Johnson
出版者
Carcinological Society of Japan
雑誌
Crustacean Research (ISSN:02873478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, pp.17-24, 2017 (Released:2017-01-18)

The Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus, is a valuable and commonly exported European decapod crustacean, which experiences stress from point of capture and onward transport. Stressors such as air exposure duration (i.e. emersion period) and air temperature have been studied previously. We investigated whether mortality could be reduced by decreasing road vibrations during transport, and how physiological stress measurements were influenced in a transport simulation experiment, reflecting a typical short road journey along a supply chain. Baseline haemolymph samples were taken from lobsters sampled immediately after commercial capture using static traps (lobster pots). Individuals were emersed for one hour, either immobile or with continuous shaking; the latter to simulate conditions occurring during transport. Both treatments significantly increased Total Haemocyte Counts (THC) and serum glucose, lactate and ammonium concentrations compared to baseline animals. Individuals subjected to continuous shaking showed higher glucose and ammonium concentrations compared to individuals maintained immobile. We conclude that shaking appears to influence the physiological responses of N. norvegicus in addition to the effects of emersion alone, and the reduction of road vibrations (e.g. via simple cushioning) can reduce post-transport mortality.