著者
坂口 守彦 佐藤 健司
出版者
公益社団法人 日本農芸化学会
雑誌
化学と生物 (ISSN:0453073X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.36, no.8, pp.504-509, 1998-08-25 (Released:2009-05-25)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
4 3
著者
Bando Hiroshi Ebe Koji Bando Masahiro
出版者
OMICS International
雑誌
Molecular Biology : Open Access (ISSN:21689547)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.1, 2018-01-24

Discussion concerning Calorie Restriction (CR) and low carbohydrate diet (LCD) has continued for years. Authors have developed research of LCD using super LCD with 12% of carbohydrate. The biology of human aging includes study between human and mammalian such as mice, rhesus monkeys. Moderate CR reduced age-related mortality, incidence of diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease. By very low calorie diet (VLCD), body weight can be reduced, but the diabetic pathological state remains. Besides CR and LCD, Zone, Ornish, LEARN Diets and Mediterranean style can be applicable. There are very low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet (VLCKD), Moderate-LCD, High- Carbohydrate Diet, as related with the definition of LCD. Morbus (M) value was investigated for clinical practice of LCD, in which M value was remarkably improved by LCD treatment.
著者
荒金 恵太 西村 亮彦 舟久保 敏
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.5, pp.673-676, 2017-03-31 (Released:2017-09-13)
参考文献数
21

Since the Nankai Megathrust Earthquake and Tokyo Inland Earthquake are predicted to occur in the near future, disaster prevention have become urgent issues in urban planning in Japan. Therefore, municipal governments in Japan are required to implement disaster prevention systematically by making use of green and open spaces. In this study, the authors analyzed the role of the “Green Master Plan (GMP)” in disaster risk reduction through 72 case studies. As a result, it was revealed that there are a lot of GMPs which refers to the disaster prevention, while their specific measures vary a lot depending on the past disaster experience and geographic condition. It was also found that a lot of GMPs designate green and open spaces like urban parks as evacuation sites for mega earthquake or large fire. As a conclusion, the authors pointed out the future tasks for the landscape and urban planning in Japan in order to enhance the role of green and open spaces in disaster prevention.
著者
大町 北一郎
出版者
The Society of Resource Geology
雑誌
鉱山地質 (ISSN:00265209)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, no.27, pp.18-32, 1958-02-28 (Released:2009-12-14)
参考文献数
70

The Inaushi mine, about 10 km west of Engaru town, Kitami Province, is located in one of the epithermal deposits of Northeast Hokkaido. The sedimentary rocks in the vicinity of the mine consist mainly of black shale, sandstone and conglomerate of Mesozoic age, they are overlain unconformably by Neogene Tertiary (Miocene) sediments. The Mesozoic beds are cut by many dykes. The rocks of the dykes are predominantly quartz-porphyrite, andesite and liparite which range widely in composition.The No.3 ore deposit of the Inaushi mine is worked as a source of copper ore and occurs along a fault zone in quartz-porphyry, sandstone, black shale and conglomerate of Mesozoic (Pre-Cretaceous?) age. The deposit consists of several parallel veins, which occur at various distances from the main vein (N 50-Vein). The No.3 ore deposit seems to be associated with parallel dykes of quartz-porphyrite. The veins are characteristically of the composite "chlorite-quartz-copper-vein" type and strike N 70-80°E, and dip 80-90° south. The veins may attain widths of 0.4-0.8 meters. These deposits have been believed to be of epithermal origin. The structure of the veins is classified as follows: brecciated, banded and networked. The brecciated veins usually contain angular fragments of country rocks cemented by a matrix consisting of variable amounts of sulphide and gangue minerals. In some veins, ring ore is observed.The predominant sulphides of the ore deposit are pyrite, chalcopyrite, sphalerite and galena. Other minor minerals are hematite, bornite, chalcocite, marcasite and pyrrhotite. The gangue minerals are chlorite, quartz, calcite and adularia. From the mineralogical association of the ore, the mineralization in the deposit is divided into four stages:1) Quartz-chlorite-pyrite-stage2) Quartz-chlorite-chalcopyrite-pyrite-stage3) Chlorite-sphalerite-galena-pyrite-hematite-stage, and 4) Quartz-pyrite-stage.The ore mainly shows a brecciated and banded appearance. Most of it contains chalcopyrite and pyrite often accompanied by sphalerite and galena, with gangue minerals such as chlorite, quartz and calcite. The brecciated ore usually contains fragments of wall rocks and the banded ore consists mainly of chalcopyrite and pyrite.Paragenesis and texture of ore minerals were studied in detail. Chalcopyrite has occasionally been enclosed in the sphalerite. Also, chalcopyrite within sphalerite occurs as emulsion blebs, commonly in seriate arrangement, and shows definite preferred orientation relative with any one host grain, indicating control by the crystal structure of the sphalerite. Therefore, from the mineralogy of the vein, the No. 3 ore deposit may be classified as fissure-filling veins which belong to the "xenothermal deposits" type (shallow high-temperature condition) rather than the epithermal type deposit.The minor elements in chalcopyrite from sulphide ore of several levels in the N50-vein and also from other chlorite-quartz-copper-vein deposits were determined by spectrographic methods. The results show the presence of Bi and Sn in chalcopyrite from the Inaushi mine, Komaki mine, and Miyatamata mine. The chlorite of the gangue was determined to be aphrosiderite by means of both chemical analysis and X-ray studies.In conclusion, it seems highly probable that the No. 3 ore deposit of the Inaushi mine was formed under high temperature conditions of subvolcanic origin similar to those prevailing in the Inner Zone of Northeast Japan.
著者
[宮本元道] [著]
巻号頁・発行日
vol.[1], 1800
著者
梶原 郁郎
出版者
日本教授学習心理学会
雑誌
教授学習心理学研究 (ISSN:18800718)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.2, pp.66-76, 2015 (Released:2018-06-18)

本稿は,0の段のかけ算の授業内容(二時間構成)による学習援助の効果について,事前事後質問の結果を踏まえて報告している。「0×2」「0×0」と「2×0」との相違の理解をも教育目標に含めて構想した本授業内容は,「1あたりの量」の理解がかけ算の式(1あたりの量×いくつ分)理解の根幹となるという認識に基づいて,1あたり「2」「3」「8」「0」のモノを身の回りから見つけさせる発問を土台としている。これは,日常的知識であるそれらのモノ(事実)を「1あたりの量」(教科の知識)の事例に昇格させる思考を促す発問である。この発問を軸とする本授業内容は小学4年(32名)を対象に実践され,一時間目の事前質問では「4×2」の文章問題に「2×4」と正答した児童は11名(35%),二時間の事前質問では「2×0」「0×2」「0×0」の文章問題全てに正答した児童は3名(10%)であった。これらの数値が事後質問でどう変化したのかを示して,本稿は,本授業内容による学習援助の効果と課題を提示している。
著者
長谷川 由美 宮下 実
出版者
近畿大学生物理工学部
雑誌
近畿大学生物理工学部紀要 = Memoirs of the Faculty of Biology-Oriented Science and Technology of Kinki University (ISSN:13427202)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.36, pp.43-53, 2015-09-01

[要旨]北米を原産地とするアライグマは今や日本全国に分布し特定外来生物にも指定されている. 日本に定着して50年を越えたが, ヨーロツパではその侵略の歴史はすでに80年の歴史を有する. わが国では生能系の撹乱, 農業被害, さらには各地の神社仏閣等での文化財被害など多くの問題をアライグマは引き起こしているが, これからのアライグマ防除を考えて行く上で, ヨーロッパでの侵略状況および現状, 対策等の先例を知ることは重要と考え, 本調査を行った. 1995年当時, 原産地以外でアライグマの生息が確認されていたのはヨーロッパではドイツ, ポーランド, オランダ, フランス, ロシアなど9力国に過ぎなかったが, 今回の調査ではアルプスを越えてスイス, イタリアヘの侵入, ドーバー海峡を渡って英国ヘの侵入, 東ヨーロッパでの分布拡大, バルト諸国, スカンディナヴィア半島への拡大と, 33カ国を調査した結果, 25カ国にも広がってアライグマが定着していることが判明した. [Abstract]Raccoons, native to North America, are distributed across Japan and designated as an invasive alien species now. Raccoons have also been an invasive species for over 80 years in Europe. They have colonized areas in Japan over 50 years and have caused ecological, agricultural and cultural property damage (to places such as shrines or temples). The reason we launched this research is that it is essential for raccoon control to study the European precedents, including the process of habitat invasion and also the current situation. In 1995, raccoons were found in only nine countries outside of their countries of origin, such as Germany, Poland, The Netherlands, France, and Russia et cetera, but this research found that they had expanded to 25 countries including Italy, and over the Alps to Switzerland, across the Straits of Dover to England, to the Baltic states, the Nordic and Eastern European countries, to a total of 33 nations.
著者
伊藤 健太 下川 宏明
出版者
一般社団法人 日本内科学会
雑誌
日本内科学会雑誌 (ISSN:00215384)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.99, no.11, pp.2846-2852, 2010 (Released:2013-04-10)
参考文献数
7

我が国では,人口の高齢化や生活習慣の欧米化に伴い,虚血性心疾患や閉塞性動脈硬化症といった動脈硬化性疾患患者が増加してきている.我々は,基礎研究の結果を基に,低出力の衝撃波を用いた血管新生療法(「低出力体外衝撃波治療」)を開発し,(1)重症狭心症,(2)急性心筋梗塞,(3)下肢閉塞性動脈硬化症を対象に臨床試験を行っている.重症狭心症に対しては,第1次臨床試験(オープン試験)と第2次臨床試験(二重盲検プラセボ対照試験)を行い,本治療法の有効性と安全性を確認し,論文報告している.本治療法は,麻酔や侵襲的な処置を伴わずに,体外から治療を行うことができる非侵襲的な治療法であり,繰り返し行うことも可能である.今後幅広い疾患への応用が期待される.
著者
磯崎 澄
雑誌
情報処理
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.7, pp.599, 2018-06-15
著者
大向 一輝
雑誌
情報処理
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.12, pp.1282-1286, 2012-11-15
著者
内田 宏美
出版者
日本生命倫理学会
雑誌
生命倫理 (ISSN:13434063)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.1, pp.89-94, 1997
参考文献数
7
被引用文献数
1

1994〜1996年度の国立K医療短大看護学科2回生延べ233名の、「あなたの声が聞きたいpartll」と「尊厳死を求めた家族の記録」のVTR鑑賞後のレポートから、対象の人間観・生命観と生命倫理上の問題を分析した。遷延性意識障害者へのケア選択の姿勢から、対象群には命のかけがえのなさや生存の権利を主張する生命尊重派に対して、自己決定の優先性を主張する意志尊重派がやや優勢な傾向がみられた。さらに、自分と家族の場合でのケア選択を比較すると、両派とも同レベルで自分には尊厳死を求める傾向を示し、意志尊重派では家族にも尊厳死を求める傾向がみられた。このことから、生命観の如何に関わらず、意志の捉え方に多様性がなく、無意識に、人間性をもつ人格だけを尊重するパーソン論の立場をとっている可能性が示唆された。以上より、医療者として自己の生命観・人間観を意識化することが重要だと考える。