著者
中村 治 嘉田 由紀子 古川 彰 鳥越 皓之 松田 素二 西城戸 誠 土屋 雄一郎
出版者
大阪府立大学
雑誌
基盤研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2006 (Released:2006-04-01)

水害現象を水害文化として長期的で経験論的かつ価値論的な視野からとらえることによって、総体としての日常生活世界の中で、水害被災当事者の生活の視点から捉え直し、生活再建や地域社会の再生のプロセスを環境社会学的に明らかにした。また、文書や写真などの水害記録を発掘し、聞き書きにより経験者の記憶を生活史として再構成しながら、これを災害教育としていかに次世代につなぎ水害文化の継承を図るか、その社会学的手法の開発に取り組んだ。
著者
萩原 俊治
出版者
大阪府立大学
雑誌
言語と文化 (ISSN:13478966)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.293-317, 2005-03

As I had stated in my two previous papers, i.e. You name it therapy, but I name it violence-The first violence of narratives and Oh, my bear, not be so nice to me... -Levinas and Marx, narratives work as 'the first violence', which consist of two conditions: 1) not fully listening to another's narrative and 2) imposing one's own narrative on others. In such narratives I have included literary works, theoretical works, our daily gossips, songs, etc. As a result, people whose narratives are not listened to and who are forced to accept another narrative, will be frustrated and use on others or on themselves 'second violence', namely physical, verbal or mental violence: murder, suicide, fighting, cursing, battle, indulgence in alcoholic drinks or drugs, etc. Why do we become frustrated? Of course, it is so natural that, when someone does not fully listen to you and imposes his own narrative on you, you become frustrated. But, why? In this paper I try to explain it more clearly using the concepts of Henri Bergson in his Essai sur les donnees immediates de la conscience. It is my intention to resolve `the first violence' more fully. Yet, from my observation, very few people will agree that Bergson's concepts are 'decent'. For example, even S. K. Langer, who highly evaluates Bergson's thought, regards one of his main concepts 'pure duration' as 'dream'. Still I can affirm surely that at least the concepts in his Essai sur les donnees immediates de la conscience are decent. I stand by this because in his Essai Bergson deals with our daily ability, i.e. the ability to live in duration, to grasp our inner and outer world as quality or as quantity. For example, when we are in the mental disorder 'depersonalization', the ability to live in duration and to grasp our inner and outer world as quality is lost. From my point of view, the very existence of such disorder shows clearly that Bergson did not fictionalize his Essai. Bergson says in his Essai that 'deux corps ne sauraient occuper en meme temps le meme lieu (two substances cannot occupy the same place at the same time)', i.e. every substance has impenetrability to each other. According to him, in our consciousness, a word also works like a substance, i.e. every word has impenetrability to every other word. For example, when we refer a creature before us as 'a dog', we cannot refer it as `a cat'. Like this, two words would not occupy the same place at the same time. From my point of view, every narrative, which is formed by words, would also work like a substance, i.e. when we form a narrative about an incident, we would not allow another narrative to be formed. If we do form the opposite about it, people would regard us insane. As we are not insane, we would not tell two narratives about an incident at the same time. This is what I call the impenetrability of a narrative, from which each narrative works as nonactive violence to another narrative told at the same time: the former inevitably excludes the latter and the reverse is also true. But when we make a false or incorrect narrative about an incident or someone, the narrative will work as active violence, because, excluding some correct narrative about them, we deal with them unfairly. From my point of view, most of these false or incorrect narratives are brought from secondhand information, which we don't grasp from an incident or someone as quality. Upon interpreting more precisely the intrinsic quality of each person or incident and tell narratives about them, the more near we approach the real facts of the person or incident. Often though, we neglect their, or its, quality and, thereby, make incorrect narratives. Regarding such incorrect narratives, I introduce in this paper a Japanese sociologist's statement about autism.
著者
樫本 喜一
出版者
大阪府立大学
雑誌
人間社会学研究集録 (ISSN:1880683X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.215-244, 2006-03-31

The scientific safety assessment of the Kansai Research Reactor, issued by the Science Council of Japan in 1958, was the first appearance of high technology in Japanese society, introducing 'Risk Thinking' or the first time into the scientific assessment of the professional community in Japan. Chapter 1 presents an outline of the Kansai Research Reactor and the Science Council of Japan. The citizens' movement against the Kansai Research Reactor was the first movement against a nuclear reactor in the world. Chapters 2 and 3 explore the apprehension within the Science Council of Japan concerning its safety assessment concerning the reactor, based on documents preserved by the Science Council of Japan and the Ibaraki city assembly. These chapters also analyze problems with 'Risk Thinking' that the constructor of the Kansai Research Reactor tried to use in the negotiations with residents of Ibaraki city. The paper concludes with a plan for the application of high technologies to Japanese society.
著者
野崎 泰伸
出版者
大阪府立大学
雑誌
人間社会学研究集録 (ISSN:1880683X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.3-19, 2006-03-31

What determines the content of justice? The consensus among subjects, justified by social contact, is one answer to this question. Current liberalism maintains that consensus is constructed by social contract - but does the principle of consensus among subjects really lead to the theory of justice? It is important to notice that the current theory of consensus implies that those who cannot satisfactorily participate in consensus are no longer subjects. This article insists that justice should not be based on consensus, but understood as a process of falsification, implying that justice should also remain provi sional.
著者
松田 千登勢 長畑 多代 上野 昌江 郷良 淳子
出版者
大阪府立大学
雑誌
大阪府立大学看護学部紀要 (ISSN:18807844)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, no.1, pp.85-91, 2006-03-01

本研究の目的は認知症高齢者をケアする上で,看護師がどのような感情を抱きながら関わっているのかを明らかにし,サポートの視点を見出すことである。介護老人保健施設,老人認知症専門病棟,特別養護老人ホームで重度の認知症高齢者をケアする看護師9名を対象に,研究の同意を得た上で,半構成質問紙を用いた面接調査を行った。その結果看護師の感情として,1)「なんでそんなことするの」という怒り,2)認知症高齢者の言動への困惑,3)言動に対する対応への困惑,4)身体症状の判断への自信のなさ,5)自分のケアを評価できない不安,6)自分の思うケアができないジレンマ,7)責任の重さへの不安,8)ケアへの達成感のなさの8つが明らかになった。
著者
森澤 和子 平林 直樹 長澤 啓行
出版者
大阪府立大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2007 (Released:2007-04-01)

本研究課題では、看護師に事前に提示する翌月分の勤務表を種々の制約条件を考慮して自動的に作成する静的スケジューリング機能に加えて,勤務予定の当日になってやむをえず出勤できない看護師が発生してしまった場合に提示済みの勤務割当をできるだけ変更することなく欠勤を補うための代替人員を選定し,かつその日以降の勤務割当を必要に応じて修正する動的スケジューリングの機能も備えたナース・スケジューリングシステムの基幹アルゴリズムを開発した.
著者
田垣 正晋
出版者
大阪府立大学
雑誌
若手研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2006 (Released:2006-04-01)

市町村障害者基本計画における、質問紙調査の自由記述データ、グループインタビュー、ワークショップの記録といった質的データの活用方法を、いくつかの自治体の実例をもとに検討した。分析手法としてはKJ法のみならず、テキストマイニングを適宜組み合わせたほうが、調査実施者の「アカウンタビリティ」の維持には有効と考えられた。調査結果は「事実」の同定というよりも、関係者が新しいストーリーを生み出す題材として、質的データは重要であることがわかった。
著者
大形 徹
出版者
大阪府立大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2007 (Released:2007-04-01)

研究の概要、中国では戦国から秦漢にかけて、太陽・ロータス・鳥の図像が多く描かれるようになる。そのもとはエジプトにある。エジプトでは太陽信仰にもとづく再生復活観念が、太陽・ロータス・ハヤブサなどの図像を通して表現された。それらの図像は中国にも流入し、不死の仙薬や仙人という神仙思想を生み出す契機となった。当初の仙人は死者が復活する尸解仙と呼ばれるもので、エジプトのミイラの復活によく似ている。
著者
平井 美津子
出版者
大阪府立大学
雑誌
大阪府立看護大学医療技術短期大学部紀要 (ISSN:13416421)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.83-89, 1999-01-29

In English we choose, as a suffix, either '-er' or '-ist', deriving the player noun from a noun expressing a musical instrument. From my analysis of this derivation, it can be assumed that there are close relations between the history of each musical instrument and the choice of the suffix. Both '-er' and '-ist' have a high competence in word formation, and in some cases, the form in '-ist' approaches closely to the agent-noun in '-er', but the semantic difference must be distinguished by the more professional sense which it implies. In addition, I suggest a possibility that a 'static' musical instrument noun can change into a 'dynamic' one through the '-er' addition to the noun, which leads to the verbalization of the noun.