著者
前野 詩朗
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
水工学論文集 (ISSN:09167374)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, pp.613-618, 2007 (Released:2010-08-25)
参考文献数
3

The rising backwater, which occurs due to the confluence of the Takahashi River and the Oda River, makes the water level rather higher during flood in the upstream of those rivers. The higher water level endangers embankments of those rivers. One of the possible means to reduce the water level is to relocate the present confluence site with the Oda River to the downstream site of the Takahashi River. This study aims to investigate the effect of the relocation of the confluence site using two-dimensional flow analysis. Numerical results under present river course condition were compared with the measured water level, and the effectiveness of the proposed analytical model was confirmed. It is also shown that the relocation of the confluence site has an effect to reduce the water levels of rivers considerably.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Phetlasy Souladeth Shuichiro Tagane Tetsukazu Yahara
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.2, pp.139-141, 2018 (Released:2018-06-30)

A new locality of Lecanorchis taiwaniana from Nam Ha National Protected Area, Luang Namtha Province, northern Laos is reported and a description of the species based on the Laos material is provided. Lecanorchis taiwaniana was known previously only from Japan and Taiwan. Considering that species of Lecanorchis are easily overlooked in the wild due to their short flowering season and dwarf habit, it is possible that L. taiwaniana is more widely distributed.
著者
二宮 治彦
出版者
一般社団法人 日本内科学会
雑誌
日本内科学会雑誌 (ISSN:00215384)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.88, no.6, pp.980-985, 1999-06-10 (Released:2008-06-12)
参考文献数
5
被引用文献数
1

巨赤芽球はビタミンB12あるいは葉酸の欠乏により造血細胞のDNA合成が障害され発症する.ビタミンB12欠乏性巨赤芽球性貧血には悪性貧血と胃切除(おもに全摘)後に発症するものが多い.診断にはビタミンB12や葉酸の欠乏を明らかにするとともに,欠乏の成因を明らかにすることが重要である.終生の維持療法が必要となることも多く,合併症に注意した臨床観察が求められる.
著者
江口 聡
出版者
日本医学哲学・倫理学会
雑誌
医学哲学 医学倫理 (ISSN:02896427)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, pp.19-28, 2010-09-24 (Released:2018-02-01)

After briefly reviewing the philosophical controversy on abortion, I will introduce Don Marquis' "future-like-ours" argument and its various critiques. Marquis insists that (1) it is seriously immoral to kill us because killing deprives us of our valuable futures, and (2) a human fetus has a future like ours, therefore (3) it is seriously immoral to kill a human fetus. His argument is very simple but plausible, and not easy to rebut. Possible objections to his argument are (1) an objection from negligence of the women's viewpoint, (2) a ruductio ad absurdum objection from contraception, (3) an objection from metaethical analysis of "loss" and "deprivation", (4) an objection from personal identity and non-similarity of a fetus and us, and (5) a metaethical objection from relation of value and desire. I argue that objection (5), which relies on the desire account of value, is most powerful, if we are to account for modifications and qualifications of "desire", such that desire should be interpreted as "dispositional desire" and desires should be "rational and well-informed". But these objections also have a significant burden of philosophical justification.
著者
水上 崇
出版者
The Association of Japanese Geographers
雑誌
日本地理学会発表要旨集
巻号頁・発行日
pp.73, 2003 (Released:2004-04-01)

1.はじめに 日本の沖積平野における洪水災害は、第二次大戦後の治水工事の進展により堤防を溢流するタイプは減ってきているが、その一方で、農地や森林の宅地化に代表される土地利用の変化によって内水氾濫型の洪水はむしろ増加している。そして、この傾向は三大都市圏のみならず、地方都市でも顕著になってきているものと考えられる。 本報告ではそのような観点から、高梁川とその最大の支流である小田川との合流点に位置し、古くから頻繁に水害を被ってきたことに加え、岡山市と倉敷市に近接していることから近年ベットタウン化が著しい岡山県吉備郡真備町をフィールドに取り上げ、洪水のタイプの変化による新たな水害の可能性について考察する。また、併せて町が近年作成したハザードマップの有効性についても言及を試みたい。2.真備町の地形 真備町は小田川の下流部に位置し、小田川と高梁川によって形成された氾濫原と背後の花崗岩質からなる丘陵より構成されている。小田川は、町の東端で高梁川と合流している。 空中写真判読による地形分類図作成結果から、真備町の氾濫原は次のように特徴づけられた。_丸1_自然堤防は極めて少なく、氾濫原のほとんどが後背湿地である。_丸2_小田川の旧河道は左岸の後背湿地に広く分布し、小田川の流路が右岸の丘陵寄りに移動し続けている。_丸3_左岸支流から末政川、高馬川という2本の顕著な天井川が流入しているが、いずれも扇状地を形成しておらず、上流からの土砂供給が少ないものと考えられる。3.洪水タイプの変化 続いて、過去の真備町に関する水害及び治水事業の記録からこの地域の洪水のタイプの変化について検討した。 真備町は、鎌倉時代の高梁川の南遷事業を契機として、小田川に加えて高梁川からの溢流による水害にも見舞われるようになった。加えて、小田川と合流した高梁川は、そのすぐ下流で倉敷平野へ抜ける狭窄部を通るため、大雨の際にはしばしば増水した河川水が小田川へと逆流し、真備町の氾濫原に水害をもたらすことが多くなった。この両タイプの水害は第二次世界大戦前まで頻繁に起こった。 第二次大戦後は高梁川、小田川のそれぞれ上流にダムが完成したことと、高水化工事が行われたこともあり、溢流するタイプの洪水は起こらなくなった。しかし、1960年代以降はそれに代わって、宅地化に伴う水田面積の減少によって、降った雨水が排水されず後背湿地に湛水し続ける内水氾濫タイプの水害が多く起こるようになってきている。なお、これには河床が高いために排水機能を果たせない天井川が氾濫原に存在していることも背景にあるものと考えられる。4.ハザードマップの有効性 真備町では、2000年に洪水避難地図(洪水ハザードマップ)を作成し、既往最大の水害時の浸水域内に居住する全ての世帯に配布を行っている。 このハザードマップの記載内容には以下の問題点を指摘したい。_丸1_氾濫原一面を同じ高さまで浸水するように示しており、微地形の違いによる湛水高が判別できない。_丸2_避難経路として最も湛水深の深い後背湿地(特に旧河道)を通るように示しているケースもあり、安全な避難を行えるか疑問である。 この他の問題点等については分析中につき、当日報告する。

6 6 0 0 OA 薄双紙

著者
成賢 著
出版者
[太融寺]
巻号頁・発行日
vol.丙, 0000

6 6 0 0 OA 漢文叢書

著者
久保天随 校
出版者
博文館
巻号頁・発行日
vol.第1冊, 1913

6 6 0 0 OA 漢文叢書

著者
久保天随 校
出版者
博文館
巻号頁・発行日
vol.第2冊, 1913
著者
大井 知範
出版者
公益財団法人 史学会
雑誌
史学雑誌 (ISSN:00182478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.124, no.2, pp.177-209, 2015-02-20 (Released:2017-12-01)

This paper attempts to elicit the reality of the Hapsburg Empire's global seafaring prowess despite its reputation as a mainly continental power, in light of historical findings that an Imperial warship had been stationed in the seas of East Asia approximately 100 years ago. Research regarding Western navies stationed overseas has in the past focused largely on their use as a means of military competition or imperialistic ambitions toward the non-Western world. However, here the author points to another purpose with which warships were deployed overseas; namely, to serve as media for promoting international relations within the daily routine of peacetime conditions. After outlining the deployment system of warships outside of the region of Europe, and the reasons, circumstances and substance of the Hapsburg Empire's stationing of a warship in East Asian waters, the author turns to the specific duties of the ship, in particular, how it performed the very important duty of any Western navy in protecting its country's citizen and commercial interests in the region. However, since the Hapsburg Empire had no overseas interests or citizens to protect in East Asia, it was impossible for the Austro-Hungarians to set up a system of direct protection like that of the other major powers, due mainly to its unique position in having only a single warship to accommodate such needs. The author then addresses the subject of goodwill exchange, which he considers to be the most important daily routine of the Hapsburg warship, and looks there for the ultimate reason for stationing it in East Asian waters. Finally, he focuses on the military band on board the ship, in order to clarify the fact that the Hapsburg Empire was concerned in identifying with maritime coastal society in East Asia through the medium of music. The Hapsburg Empire thus intended to adapt to the imperial order as a major power in East Asia by carefully cultivating various daily peacetime routines.
著者
Toshio Katsuki
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.2, pp.119-126, 2018 (Released:2018-06-30)

A new species, Cerasus kumanoensis T. Katsuki (Rosaceae), sp. nov., is described from the southern Kii Peninsula, Japan. It is similar to C. jamasakura var. jamasakura and C. leveilleana because the corymbose inflorescences and extended peduncle are identical in these three taxa. However, C. kumanoensis is distinguished by several morphological and phenological characteristics, an earlier flowering period, narrowly ovate and smaller leaf blade (4–8 cm long, 1.8–3.6 cm wide) and glabrous petiole and pedicel.
出版者
水産試験場
巻号頁・発行日
vol.第5号, 1943
著者
岩元 辰篤 白井 達 森本 昌宏 岩崎 昌平 南 奈穂子 中尾 慎一
出版者
一般社団法人 日本ペインクリニック学会
雑誌
日本ペインクリニック学会誌 (ISSN:13404903)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.4, pp.559-562, 2016 (Released:2016-11-04)
参考文献数
10

プレガバリン(PGB)を長期間継続投与中で,治療効果が不明瞭な症例において,投与中止が可能であるかにつき調査した.PGBを6カ月以上投与している11症例を対象とし,続行によってもさらなる改善がないと判断した場合,受診ごとに投与量を半減し,痛みが増強した場合には元の投与量に戻すこととして,25 mg/日まで減量が可能となった時点で中止とした.この結果,7例では減量後も痛みの程度に変化はなく中止が可能であったが,4例では減量あるいは中止により痛みが増強したために投与を継続した.以上,治療効果判定が不十分なままPGBを漫然と投与している症例があることが判明した.今後は,長期間投与を行っている症例では,漸減・中止を考慮すべきと考えられた.
著者
河井 信行 畠山 哲宗 田宮 隆
出版者
日本脳神経外科コングレス
雑誌
脳神経外科ジャーナル (ISSN:0917950X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.3, pp.185-194, 2016 (Released:2017-03-25)
参考文献数
17

脳外傷後の身体障害が軽い患者では, 外見からは高次脳機能障害が時にわかりにくく, 「見えない障害, 隠れた障害」 などと称される. 外見上は良好に回復しているものの, 社会生活への適応が障害されており, 実際の生活や社会に帰って初めて問題が顕在化し, 結果的に元の学校や職場に戻ることができないこともしばしばある. 本稿では, 脳神経外科医が知っておくべき脳外傷後高次脳機能障害の特徴と診断として, ①急性期の意識障害の正確な記載と早期の画像診断の重要性, ②診断困難例における頭部SPECTやPETなどの機能的画像診断法の有用性, ③自動車運転再開における脳神経外科医の役割について概説する. 脳外傷後高次脳機能障害の病態を正しく理解し診断や治療方針を決めるとともに, 社会参加への適切な判断や指導における脳神経外科医の役割が今後さらに高まると思われる.
著者
松尾 俊郎
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.2, pp.1-10, 1952-09-01 (Released:2010-02-26)

The difficulties of place name interpretation have long been recongnized by leading Japanese geographers. Underlying this problem is the fact that place names may be rooted in natural as well as cultural or man-made phenomena, thus introducing elements of great complexity and diversity. Furthermore, it frequently occurs that place names which may have been fresh in the beginning, later become fossil names often unfamiliar to modern ears. Most certainly, another complicating factor is the infiltration of Ainu, Korean and other foreign terms into the language. On the other hand, it appears that certain names may have their origins in surely local dialects frequently unintelligible to outsiders. Finally, the existence of ateji deserves to be emphasized as one of the major complicating factors in Japanese place name interpretation. With different Chinese characters pronounced alike and applied to the same place names, it becomes quite difficult to reinterpret such names. When binding the significance of place names to the character meanings, far-fetched interpretations often result.In studying the complicated place names of Japan, a grouping based upon certain significant criteria may be employed. Of primary interest in this paper are those place names associated with topography, more particularly, those which concern “escarpment.”Not only has the escarpment remarkable topographic characteristics but it is often associated with cultural aspects of significance to human life, for example, its functions as a barrier to communication as well as a limitation upon land utilization. Thus by its very nature, the escarpment often attracts the attention of people and is utilized as a point of origin in the development of place names. Below are ten items concerned with place names related to the topography of escarpments. Various ateji are used for these names.1. “Kura” and “Kake”Kura has two meanings. By kura is meant a mountain on one hand and a valley on the other. It often occurs that the mountain or valley having the name of kura is not a common type of either, but has conspicuous escarpments, crumbled valleys or expanses of exposed bare rock. Kake is also applied to the escarment. Many of the mountains termed kurakake have escarpments in them.2. “Mama”Mama is another of the names derived from the escarpment. It is distributed throughout Eastern Japan, southern Kwanto being its center, and is a good example of the necessity to be concerned with the pronounciation rather than the meaning of Chinese characters associated with it.3. “Kue” and “tsue”These are found in large numbers particularly in Chugoku, Shikoku and Kyushu. Both terms mean “crumbling”.4. “Hake” (Hakke, Bake, Bakke) and “Hoki” (Hokki)Hake and others of its group ……hakke, bake and bakke……are distributed over Eastern Japan particularly in the surroundings of Tokyo. Hoki (hokki) is a fossil word meaning “escarpment” and is found mainly in Western Japan especially in Shikoku and Kyushu.5. “Haba”It is found in the Nobi Plain and in areas to the east of it.6. “Nagi”, “Kama” and “Nuke”These are often applied to such narrow valleys as radiating valleys on the slopes of a volcano or escarpments of horseshoe type. In addition kama is widely applied to common escarpment or cave topography.7. “Gare”, “Zare” and “Zore”Often these are also applied to steep slopes or escarpments having many crumbled rocks and walls. They are distributed all over Japan.8. “Maku-iwa”
著者
Hiroaki Tanaka Yu Suzuki Shotaro Yamasaki Koichiro Yoshino Ko Kato Satoshi Nakamura
出版者
Information Processing Society of Japan
雑誌
IPSJ Transactions on Bioinformatics (ISSN:18826679)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, pp.14-23, 2018 (Released:2018-07-05)
参考文献数
43

Protein production in plants is a hot topic because there are many benefits relative to bacteria, yeasts, and animals, but the amount of protein expression in plants is less. It is argued that editing 5'UTRs increases the amount of translated proteins. However, obtaining such 5'UTRs is difficult due to the cost, time and effort required in experiments. To solve this, we predict the amount of translated proteins by machine learning. In this paper, we propose a method, named “R-STEINER, ” that generates 5'UTRs that increase the amount of proteins of a given gene. The proposed process involves building a model for predicting the amount of translated proteins, generating 5'UTRs, selecting them and increasing the proteins according to the model. This method enables us to obtain 5'UTRs that increase the amount of translated proteins without real synthesis experiments, resulting in reduced cost, time and effort. In our study, we built a prediction model for Oryza sativa and synthesized the 5'UTRs generated by R-STEINER. We confirmed that the model can predict the amount of translated proteins with a correlation coefficient of 0.89.