著者
成田 健太郎
出版者
埼玉大学教養学部
雑誌
埼玉大学紀要. 教養学部 = Saitama University Review. Faculty of Liberal Arts (ISSN:1349824X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.1, pp.41-68, 2018

This paper is the first part of an annotated English translation of the section “Calligraphy 書” of the Taiping yulan 太平御覽.
著者
首藤 祐介 亀井 宗 唐渡 雅行
出版者
一般社団法人 日本認知・行動療法学会
雑誌
認知行動療法研究 (ISSN:24339075)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.1, pp.53-65, 2018-01-31 (Released:2018-06-18)
参考文献数
12

行動活性化療法(BA)とアクセプタンス&コミットメント・セラピー(ACT)は臨床行動分析に関する心理療法であり、共通点が多いが、相違点もある。本症例では夫婦関係の悩みからうつ病を発症した30代女性に対して、BAの単純活性化を実施し、その後ACTを実施した。その結果、Beck Depression Scaleが32点から7点に減少し、Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-IIも46点から26点に減少し、抑うつ症状の改善と心理的柔軟性の向上が認められた。また、ACTの導入によって気分や体調に影響を受けず価値に沿った活動が行えるようになった。この結果は10カ月のフォローアップも維持されていた。本症例から、BAとACTの特徴について考察し両者の効果的な使用について検討した。
著者
三浦 麻子 小林 哲郎
出版者
日本行動計量学会
雑誌
行動計量学 (ISSN:03855481)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.1, pp.1-11, 2018 (Released:2018-11-03)
参考文献数
19

This study investigated the influence of satisficing on response behavior in online surveys. We compared online response data to psychological scales and logical thinking tasks conducted by an online survey company and a crowd sourcing service. In previous studies, satisficing was found to be more likely to occur among online survey monitors than among crowd sourcing service contributors. Results of the present study replicated it and showed that satisficing in terms of inattentively reading items significantly damages the integrity of psychological scales. On the other hand, it was also found that the influence of satisficing in terms of inattentively reading instructions carefully can be reduced by raising respondents' awareness. Those conducting online surveys should discuss taking active measures to minimize satisficing.
著者
加島 卓
出版者
日本マス・コミュニケーション学会
雑誌
マス・コミュニケーション研究 (ISSN:13411306)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.93, pp.61-74, 2018-07-31 (Released:2018-10-13)
参考文献数
88

In this paper, I explain the research methods for handling historical data inthe context of media studies. I started by organizing the development processof media history in Japan, followed by the characteristics of media history ofthe 2000s. Finally, in the context of media history research as it relates to sociology,I explain about the methodologies adopted in “Historical Sociology of theAdvertising Creator”( 2014) and“ Olympic, Design, Marketing”( 2017).
著者
恩田 匠
出版者
Brewing Society of Japan
雑誌
日本醸造協会誌 (ISSN:09147314)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.110, no.5, pp.306-317, 2015 (Released:2018-04-23)
参考文献数
7
被引用文献数
2

フランス北部,ベルギーとの国境に近いシャンパーニュ地方は,寒冷な気候でワインブドウが完熟するには厳しい条件だが,逆にその条件を活かしたシャンパンは世界のスパークリングワインをリードしている。このシャンパン造りを支えるブドウの栽培方法は,厳しい自然環境のなかで先人たちの努力と試行錯誤の積み重ねによって見出されたものと言えるだろう。シャンパン醸造について研修・情報収集をされた筆者に,この地方のブドウ栽培の概要とシャンパンの品質と名声を維持するために設けられている種々のルールについて解説していただいた。
著者
天童 睦子
出版者
日本教育社会学会
雑誌
教育社会学研究 (ISSN:03873145)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, pp.61-83, 2007-05-31 (Released:2018-07-01)
参考文献数
41

This paper examines inter/intra family differences and child-care support policies in Japan from child-rearing strategies and a gender perspective. For the theoretical consideration of mechanisms of reproduction of family differences, this paper proposes a Child-rearing Code and Gender Code based on B. Bernstein’s theory of cultural transmission. The Child-rearing Code system reveals not only inter family differences based on parental economic background, but also intra family differences based on the sexual division of labor in the family.This paper traces Family Support Policies after World War II, and examines how these policies were gendered and privatized. Especially since the 1990s, various Child-care Support Policies have been introduced in Japan not just to support family childcare, but to raise the birth rate, and these policies sometimes functioned to reinforce a Gender Regime.The latter part of the paper focuses on voices of parents, based on an extensive empirical investigation which was conducted in Tokyo from 2000 to 2006. The study describes the isolation of mothers with children in a gendered division of labor situation, the emotional capital in mother-child interactions, and the dilemmas of working mothers who have to divide their time between paid work and time spent with their children. It also explores the difficulties faced by fathers who want to, but cannot, care for their children, because of long working hours and business-centered social values. This paper also explains the economic difficulties faced by single mothers due to the lack of social security and wage disadvantages in the labor market in Japan.Based on these theoretical and empirical considerations, this paper concludes that the symbolic realization of inter/intra family differences are generated by a gender code which operates with an invisible gender hierarchy.
著者
木下肇
出版者
海洋研究開発機構
雑誌
Blue earth : 海と地球の情報誌
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14(2), no.58, 2002-03

5 5 0 0 日本の俗信

著者
文部省迷信調査協議会 編
出版者
技報堂
巻号頁・発行日
vol.第1巻 (迷信の実態), 1949
著者
ONO Takahiro IIZAWA Yushin ABE Yoshinari NAKAI Izumi TERADA Yasuko SATOU Yukihiko SUEKI Keisuke ADACHI Kouji IGARASHI Yasuhito
出版者
日本分析化学会
雑誌
分析化学 (Bunseki kagaku) = Japan analyst (ISSN:05251931)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.4, pp.251-261, 2017-05
被引用文献数
4

Seven radioactive particles were separated from a soil sample collected at the Northwest region of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP). It has been pointed out that the soil is contaminated by radioactive materials emitted from reactor 1 of the FDNPP by the accident that occurred in March, 2011. The physical characteristics of these radioactive particles with –100 μm in diameter and non-uniform shape are clearly different from those of spherical microparticles, known as Cesium-balls, thought to be emitted from the FDNPP reactor 2. Three kinds of synchrotron radiation-based X-ray analyses (X-ray fluorescence analysis, X-ray absorption near edge structure analysis and X-ray diffraction analysis) were nondestructively applied to radioactive particles using a micro-focused X-ray beam at the SPring-8 to investigate their detailed chemical properties. Various elements related to fission products of nuclear fuel and components of the reactor were detected from the particles emitted from the FDNPP reactor 1 with an obvious heterogeneous elemental distribution. In particular, the chemical compositional feature of these particles was characterized by several elements (Sr, Ba etc.), which were easily volatilized in a reducing atmosphere. Although a main component of the particles was identified as silicate glass similar to the Cesium-balls, some crystalline materials were also found in microscopic regions containing Fe and other metallic elements. We concluded that these radioactive particles were emitted from reactor 1 to the atmosphere during 12th to 13th March, 2011. Our results suggest the fact that the nuclear fuel and the reactor vessels around the fuel were melted together at a very early stage of the accident. In addition, it was demonstrated that chemical compositional information of individual radioactive materials can be a new indicator as an alternative to the radioactive ratio to estimate the source of emissions.
著者
Arisa Nishihara Vera Thiel Katsumi Matsuura Shawn E. McGlynn Shin Haruta
出版者
Japanese Society of Microbial Ecology · The Japanese Society of Soil Microbiology
雑誌
Microbes and Environments (ISSN:13426311)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.ME18030, (Released:2018-11-07)

Chemosynthetic microbial communities develop and form dense cell aggregates in slightly alkaline sulfidic hot springs in the temperature range of 70–86°C at Nakabusa, Japan. Nitrogenase activity has recently been detected in the microbial communities collected. To identify possible members capable of nitrogen fixation, we examined the diversities of 16S rRNA and nitrogenase reductase (NifH) gene sequences in four types of chemosynthetic communities with visually different colors and thicknesses. The results of a 16S rRNA gene analysis indicated that all four microbial communities had similar bacterial constituents; the phylum Aquificae was the dominant member, followed in abundance by Thermodesulfobacteria, Firmicutes, and Thermotogae. Most of the NifH sequences were related to sequences reported in hydrothermal vents and terrestrial hot springs. The results of a phylogenetic analysis of NifH sequences revealed diversity in this gene among the communities collected, distributed within 7 phylogenetic groups. NifH sequences affiliated with Aquificae (Hydrogenobacter/Thermocrinis) and Firmicutes (Caldicellulosiruptor) were abundant. At least two different energy metabolic pathways appeared to be related to nitrogen fixation in the communities analyzed; aerobic sulfur/hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria in Aquificae and fermentative bacteria in Firmicutes. The metabolic characteristics of these two dominant phyla differed from those previously inferred from nitrogenase activity assays on chemosynthetic communities, which were associated with hydrogen-dependent autotrophic sulfate reduction. These assays may correspond to the observed NifH sequences that are distantly related to the known species of Thermodesulfovibrio sp. (Nitrospirae) detected in the present study. The activities of nitrogen-fixing organisms in communities may depend on redox states as well as the availability of electron donors, acceptors, and carbon sources.
著者
北野 友士
出版者
桃山学院大学
雑誌
桃山学院大学経済経営論集 = ST.ANDREW'S UNIVERSITY ECONOMIC AND BUSINESS REVIEW (ISSN:02869721)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.1, pp.47-64, 2018-07-30

A central bank’s forward guidance is an important instrument as anunconventional monetary policy. If households and businesses form aninflation expectation along with the guidance, they could appropriatelyallocate resources along a time axis. However, as is known, the public doesnot always act in an economically rational manner, because of status quobias or other factors. In other words, a communication strategy by acentral bank should consider the public’s financial literacy or capability.Thus, this paper reviews the current status of and issues concerning thecommunication strategy of the Bank of England, because the Bank alreadyuses forward guidance and has several outreach programs. Theimplications of the Bank’s efforts can be summarized by two key points.First, forward guidance in the UK is considered to work as a tool for“price-level targeting.” Second, as part of its communication strategy, theBank has recently been trying to engage in layered “communication,”“conversation” with the public, and “education” in schools. This recognizesthe importance of “understanding” and “trust” from the public in order forcentral banks to maintain price stability.
著者
半田 昌之
出版者
公益社団法人 日本化学会
雑誌
化学と教育 (ISSN:03862151)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.12, pp.826-830, 1992-12-20 (Released:2017-07-13)

たばこと塩の博物館(東京, 渋谷)では, 毎年夏休みの期間, 博物館夏休み学習室として「塩」をテーマとする特別展を開催している。塩は, 生命に欠かせない大切な物質として古来から人間と深い関わりを持ち, 現在も調味料や工業用原料として, 空気のように日々の暮らしに溶け込んでいる。この特別展では, 展示とともに「塩の実験室」での様々な実験を通して, 塩についての理解を促すとともに, 身近な物質から「科学するおもしろさ」を認識してもらいたいという意図を持っている。「塩の実験室」の基本的な構成と実験の概要を紹介した。
著者
須山 巨基 山田 順子 瀧本 彩加
出版者
日本グループ・ダイナミックス学会
雑誌
実験社会心理学研究 (ISSN:03877973)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.si4-3, (Released:2018-11-07)
参考文献数
66

集団力学研究とは,実験・調査・モデリングを通じて,個体が集合的に作り出す複雑な社会現象を定量的に検証する研究群の総称である。社会心理学における集団力学研究は,1940年代から隆盛するも徐々に研究の主流から外れていった。一方,生物学では,近年の新しいデータ収集法や分析方法の発達により集団力学研究が盛んに行われるようになり,再び集団力学研究が脚光を浴び始めている。本稿ではまず,社会心理学と生物学のそれぞれにおける集団力学研究の歴史を概観する。続いて,社会心理学において高い関心が寄せられてきた同調と文化拡散に注目し,これらのトピックに関して生物学が新たな集団力学的な手法を用いてどのような知見を見出したのか紹介する。最後に,生物学における集団力学研究の社会心理学への援用可能性とその便益性を示し,社会心理学と生物学の融合による集団力学研究の展望を論じる。