著者
塚田 花恵
出版者
日本音楽学会
雑誌
音楽学 (ISSN:00302597)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.2, pp.65-79, 2016-03-15

French music historiography after the Franco-Prussian War evolved in terms of redefining cultural identity. This study attempts to provide a better understanding of one of the modes of writing music historiography in 1910s France, through analysis of the narrative of progress adopted in Jules Combarieu's Histoire de la musique des origines a nos jours (1913-1919). Combarieu, a republican, presented in his Histoire de la musique the historical development of music in the 19^<th>-century France as a process of progress and a series of emancipations: from the Church during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, and from the court through the French Revolution. He described the progress of the genres of symphony and opera as a phenomenon that occurred mainly in France, assigning a significant role to Berlioz. Consequently, Combarieu's narrative places France on the central stage of the European music history while including German canonic composers. In his historical account, however, Combarieu devoted more space to Beethoven and Wagner than Berlioz. The reason behind this is the collision between the musical taste of the author, a former enthusiastic Wagnerian, and the German music reception in France during World War I. In fact, Berlioz's music was expected to contradict Wagnerism since the 1880s. With its academic justification for assigning Berlioz an important historical position, Combarieu's history of music contributed greatly to Berlioz's canonization that began after the Franco-Prussian War. The narrative of progress presented in Histoire de la musique that depicts Berlioz as a musical symbol of the French Republic and simultaneously gives an ambivalent evaluation of Wagner reflects an historical phase of music historiography after five decades of its existence, which evolved in relation with identity politics in France since 1870.
著者
吉田 英機
出版者
社団法人 日本泌尿器科学会
雑誌
日本泌尿器科學會雑誌 (ISSN:00215287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.11, pp.1416-1421, 1982-11-20 (Released:2010-07-23)

1976年11月から1978年11月までのほぼ2年間に126例の結婚前青年期における医学生の精液所見について検討した. 精液量は3.0±0.9ml (me an±SD, 以下同様), 精子濃度は azoospermia が1例あつたためその例を除外した125例の測定平均値は106±50million/ml総精子数は313±165million/semen であり, 運動率は62±12%, エオジン活性率は80±8%, 奇型率はメチレンブルーによる単染色による測定であるが11±2%であつた. また総運動精子数は, 192±111million/mlであつた. さらに幼小児期の流行性耳下腺炎の既往を有する群と既往のない群との精子濃度および総精子数の比較では両群に何ら差は認められなかつた.一方9例について1977年12月から1978年11月の一年間に亘りほぼ継続的に精液の提供をうけ, 精液所見の季節的変動について検討したところ, 精液量, 運動率, エオジン活性率および奇形率には著明な変動は見られなかつたが, 精子濃度は6月と7月の夏期に著明に低下し, 9月と10月の秋期に増加し, 総精子数および総運動精子数も同様の傾向を認め, ヒトにおいても精子濃度には季節的変動の存在することが強く示唆された.
著者
Osamu SUZUKI
出版者
Japanese Society of Sport Education
雑誌
Japanese Journal of Sport Education Studies (ISSN:09118845)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.1, pp.17-27, 1994-06-30 (Released:2010-08-10)

Mosston's spectrum of teaching style is one of the well-known concepts as a teaching method of physical education in the United States. But, unfortunately it has not been discussed enough in Japan. Describing this unique model, this study clarifies its limit and possibility.Mosston's model presents many teaching styles which are different in sharing decision making between a teacher and student. Mosston emphasises teacher behavior rather than student behavior. This indicates that he is much concenned with the initiative at a teacher in the class. This paper argues that it is necessary to describe into details about relationships between student behavior and objectives (outcomes), because the student behavior is equally important to achieve the educational goal. Therefore, this study insists that Mosston's model should be revised with the classification based on 1) teacher centered type, 2) teacher-student type, 3) student centered type, and 4) student independent type. In addition, the model should be redefined in light of the way to organize students: 1) whole class type, 2) small group type, 3) peer tutoring type, 4) individualized type.In short, these propositions are useful to verify effectiveness of each style positively, and to modify Mosston's model through the planning-process-product study.
著者
山野井 徹 門叶 冬樹 加藤 和浩 山田 努 鎌田 隆史 今野 進
出版者
一般社団法人 日本地質学会
雑誌
地質学雑誌 (ISSN:00167630)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.122, no.12, pp.637-652, 2016-12-15 (Released:2017-03-15)

庄内砂丘のイベント堆積物は古砂丘(縦列)と新砂丘(横列)の間に挟まれるが,その最高位は37.9mに達する.イベント層は,北部砂丘ではTo-a(915年)の下,南部砂丘では上にあり,14C年代は,北部は700年代後半から800年代,南部は1000年代から1100年代前半にある.イベント層の成因は現世津波堆積物との比較などから津波と考えられる.この津波は遡上流の滞留で泥質,戻り流れで粗粒な堆積物を残した.対応する古地震は,北部では「850年出羽地震(嘉祥地震)」があるが,南部で相当する記録は見当たらない.ただし,周辺遺跡を変形させた地震が対応するであろう.イベント堆積物は新砂丘の下底に極めて良好に保存されているが,それは各イベントの直後に海浜環境が急変し,飛砂が堆積を再開したからである.すなわち,庄内砂丘の新砂丘は,両イベントを契機に堆積を始め,我が国有数の規模の海岸砂丘へと成長している.
著者
Shawn E. McGlynn
出版者
Japanese Society of Microbial Ecology · The Japanese Society of Soil Microbiology
雑誌
Microbes and Environments (ISSN:13426311)
巻号頁・発行日
(Released:2017-03-17)

Anaerobic methane oxidation in archaea is often presented to operate via a pathway of “reverse methanogenesis”. However, if the cumulative reactions of a methanogen are run in reverse there is no apparent way to conserve energy. Recent findings suggest that chemiosmotic coupling enzymes known from their use in methylotrophic and acetoclastic methanogens—in addition to unique terminal reductases—biochemically facilitate energy conservation during complete CH4 oxidation to CO2. The apparent enzyme modularity of these organisms highlights how microbes can arrange their energy metabolisms to accommodate diverse chemical potentials in various ecological niches, even in the extreme case of utilizing “reverse” thermodynamic potentials.
著者
山元 孝広
出版者
国立研究開発法人 産業技術総合研究所 地質調査総合センター
雑誌
地質調査研究報告 (ISSN:13464272)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.1, pp.1-16, 2017-03-10 (Released:2017-03-17)

大山火山は山陰地方に位置する大型のデイサイト質成層火山である.この火山は約6万年前の大山倉吉降下火砕堆積物(DKP)に代表されるような日本列島沿いに大規模な火砕物を降下させる噴火を更新世に度々起こしたことで知られている.大山火山の既存研究には層序学的な問題や評価手法上の問題が残されているため,本研究では噴火履歴を定量的に見直した.まず,層序学的問題では,最新期の噴火を弥山溶岩ドームの形成とするもの鈷峰溶岩ドームの形成とする異なる文献が存在した.新たに実施した放射性炭素年代測定の結果は,弥山噴火 が28.6千年前,三鈷峰噴火が20.8千年前となり,後者が最新期の噴出物であることが確実になった.次の問題は,須藤ほか(2007)のデータベースに記載された大山火山起源降下火砕堆積物の体積評価手法である.この手法では既存文献の堆積物等層厚線を図学的に書き直すことで体積を求めているが,実際には分布する遠方の火砕物を無視しており,計測された体積は相当な過小評価になっている.そのため,降下火砕堆積物の体積はLegros(2000)や他の手法を用いて再計測し直している.今回の計測値 を用いて作成した積算マグマ噴出量階段図では,10万年前頃からマグマ噴出率が大きくなる傾向が認められ,その中でDKPが発生したように見ることが出来る.
著者
Dallyn Thomas
出版者
北海道大学文学研究科
雑誌
Journal of the Graduate School of Letters (ISSN:18808832)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, pp.19-27, 2017-02

This paper will report and analyze ongoing changes in the accentual system of Hokkaido Japanese (HJ), a regional variety spoken on the northernmost islands of the Japanese archipelago, originating in relatively recent settlement from mainland Japan. In recent years, as in almost all regions of Japan, HJ has undergone dialect levelling towards standard (Tokyo) Japanese (TJ). Although the accentual system of HJ, in terms of the possible number of contrastive accent patterns and the prosodic characteristics that define them, is largely identical to that of TJ, traditional HJ differs significantly from TJ in which lexical items are realised with which accent pattern. Adopting an analysis using Kindaichiʼs word-accent classes (Kindaichi, 1973; 1975), this paper will examine accent class correspondences in bimoraic native nouns, based on a survey 24 native speakers of HJ from four different areas across the island. The results of this survey illustrate a clear pattern of agestratified variation in accent class correspondences that are shown to be consistent with a broader dialect levelling trend towards TJ. However, the pace of this process does not appear consistent across all survey sites, suggesting possible implications for media-driven models of dialect levelling in Japan.
著者
尾西 康充 Onishi Yasumitsu
出版者
三重大学人文学部文化学科
雑誌
人文論叢 (ISSN:02897253)
巻号頁・発行日
no.27, pp.1-13, 2010

裏表紙からのページ付け
著者
Yoshiaki Shikamura Aika Tanaka Kenichi Negishi Hideo Shimodaira Susumu Wakabayashi Toshio Tsukahara Kaori Nomura Keiji Izushi Choichiro Miyazaki Mayumi Mochizuki Naoki Kamimura
出版者
Japanese Society of Drug Informatics
雑誌
Iyakuhin Johogaku (ISSN:13451464)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, no.4, pp.242-250, 2016-02-28 (Released:2017-03-17)

Objective: For effective use of over-the-counter (OTC) drugs that are provided as relief supplies during a disaster, we aimed to develop a list of OTC drugs that can be used during a disaster.Methods: We obtained information about OTC drugs useful during a disaster by examining results of previous studies and lists of drugs used during a disaster.  We analyzed this information with the expert pharmacist of disaster support and established a rationale for our list and developed “the List of Useful OTC Drugs During a Disaster” and “the Information Card on Useful OTC Drugs During a Disaster.”Results: We developed our list of OTC drugs based on the following parameters: (1) while people with severe disorders (e.g. renal failure) are treated by medical teams, those with minor physical conditions are treated using OTC drugs and (2) those OTC drugs that can be used as substitutes for prescription drugs were preferably selected.  The List of Useful OTC Drugs ()—During a Disaster (containing 56 items) was developed for use mainly by medical professionals.  Further, pharmacists from disaster-relief medical teams may not always be available in disaster-stricken areas; therefore, the Information Card on Useful OTC Drugs During a Disaster was developed to enable disaster victims to independently make a certain level of decision.  The information card contained pictograms to call the attention of the disaster victims.Conclusion: Our results can provide a common tool for drug suppliers, medical professionals engaging in relief works in disaster-stricken areas, and disaster victims.
著者
北口 善明 近堂 徹 鈴田 伊知郎 小林 貴之 前野 譲二
雑誌
研究報告インターネットと運用技術(IOT) (ISSN:21888787)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2017-IOT-36, no.13, pp.1-8, 2017-02-24

各オペレーティングシステムの IPv6 実装が進んだことで,IPv6 ネットワークが提供されればクライアント端末は IPv6 通信が優先となるケースが増えてきている.一方で,現在 IP アドレス自動設定の手法としては RA や DHCPv6 を用いたステートレス ・ ステートフル設定が RFC で策定され,その組み合わせによってはクライアントの意図しない挙動を誘発するだけでなく,ネットワーク環境へ与える影響も考慮しなければならない.本発表では,各種クライアント OS における IPv6 実装状況の検証結果を報告するとともに,これらがネットワーク運用管理に与える影響について考察する.
著者
佐藤 清秀 内山 晋二 山本 裕之
出版者
特定非営利活動法人 日本バーチャルリアリティ学会
雑誌
日本バーチャルリアリティ学会論文誌 (ISSN:1344011X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, no.3, pp.391-400, 2005-09-30 (Released:2017-02-01)
被引用数
2 or 0

This paper describes a new robust registration framework, which is named "UG+B", for Augmented or Mixed Reality (AR/MR) applications. Our methods measure pose of a head-mounted display (HMD) using not only an image captured by a user's view camera mounted on the HMD, but also images captured by bird's-eye view cameras each of which observes the HMD from a third-person's viewpoint, as well as an orientation measured by a sensor mounted on the HMD. In our methods, the markers placed in the scene and that on the HMD are tracked on the user's view and the bird's-eye view image respectively. Then, the pose of the HMD is estimated to minimize the sum of the re-projection error for all markers. Furthermore, the inclination angles measured by the orientation sensor are used as known values to constrain the pose, thus, the remaining parameters, i.e. the position and azimuth angle, are deduced by image information. In addition to theoretical discussions, this paper demonstrates the effectiveness of our methods by experiments in comparison with conventional vision-based registration methods.