著者
Aya Goto Yusuke Tsugawa Keiya Fujimori
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20180015, (Released:2018-12-15)
参考文献数
25

Background: Little is known about the association between the anxiety toward the effects of radiation on reproduction caused by the Fukushima nuclear accident and the birth rate of people in Fukushima. Therefore, we examined changes and associated factors of future pregnancy intention among mothers in Fukushima Prefecture.Methods: Using data from three postal surveys among women who registered their pregnancies in the prefecture (N = 6,751 in 2012, N = 6,871 in 2013, and N = 6,725 in 2014), we analyzed the factors associated with women’s intention of future pregnancy using multivariable logistic regression models.Results: The proportion of mothers with pregnancy intention increased from 53.5% in 2012 to 57.9% in 2014, especially among multiparas (P for trend <0.001). Factors inversely associated with pregnancy intention of both groups were older maternal age (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.92 for primipara and 0.87 for multipara), poor subjective health (aOR 0.75 and 0.81, respectively), and presence of depressive symptoms (aOR 0.71 and 0.79, respectively) (P < 0.01 for all items). In addition, not living with husband (aOR 0.24), dissatisfaction with obstetrical care (aOR 0.89) and child abnormalities (aOR 0.72) were inversely associated with pregnancy intention among primiparas, while receiving infertility treatment (aOR 2.05) was positively associated among multiparas (P < 0.01 for all items). A separate analysis of 2012 and 2013 data showed that concern about radiation contamination of breast milk was associated with pregnancy intention among primiparas (aOR 0.61, P < 0.001).Conclusions: Mothers’ concern about radiation was associated with lower pregnancy intention, especially among primiparas. Providing quality obstetrical and mental health care and parenting support may be the keys to maintaining the temporal increase in fertility.

6 6 6 6 OA 登録馬名簿

出版者
日本競馬会
巻号頁・発行日
vol.昭和14年7月末現在, 1939
著者
橋本 宇一 木原 博 安藤 良夫
出版者
一般社団法人 溶接学会
雑誌
溶接学会誌 (ISSN:00214787)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.4, pp.357-363, 1964-04-25 (Released:2011-08-05)

The first nuclear power station in Japan (Advanced Calder Hall type, 166 MW electric) is now under construction at Tokaimura.Construction of several new nuclear power stations will begin within a few years and also building project of the first nuclear powered ship (6500 G.T.) has been started in 1963.Al-killed steel plates 8094 mm thick were manually welded for Tokai reactor pressure vessel and its steam raising units were constructed with 5474 mm thick boiler plates using both submerged arc and manual welding. JPDR is a small BWR (12.5 MW electric), and the inner surface of its pressure vessel was stainless steel cladded by submerged arc process.Researches on the welding of the nuclear reactor have been extensively carried out by Japan Welding Engineering Society and also each industrial plant is doing its own researches. The study on the effect of irradiation on the properties of materials has been just started.
著者
内橋 貴之
出版者
日本コンピュータ化学会
雑誌
Journal of Computer Chemistry, Japan (ISSN:13471767)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.17, no.1, pp.20-30, 2018 (Released:2018-03-23)
参考文献数
22

最近の高速原子間力顕微鏡(Atomic Force Microscopy: AFM)の進展によって, 生理溶液中でのタンパク質の構造とその時間発展,分子の離散集合などダイナミクスをリアルタイムで可視化できるようになってきた. これまで様々な計測手法による実験事実の積み重ねから推定されてきた事実を動画として提示することで, タンパク質の動的振る舞いを介した機能発現の分子機構を直接的かつ直感的に把握できるようになった. 動画は静止画に比べて極めて多くの情報を与えるが, 一方で, 単に動画鑑賞に終わることなく, そこから有益な情報を客観的な指標を基に抽出すること, すなわち動画解析が次のステップには重要である. 本稿では, これまで高速AFMで観察されてきた代表的なタンパク質の動的現象をi)一分子の構造変化, ii)分子の直進運動と速度解析, iii)二分子間の結合と解離, の3つに大別し, それぞれについて筆者らの実験結果をデータの解釈と解析の効率化のために開発した画像解析法とともに解説する.
著者
三船 恒裕 横田 晋大
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.2, pp.94-101, 2018-11-30 (Released:2018-12-15)
参考文献数
28

The relationships between social dominance orientation (SDO) and political attitudes and prejudice have been investigated mainly in Western societies, with little known about them in other societies, especially in Japan. In this study, we examined the external validity of the SDO scale and the relationship between SDO and discriminatory attitudes toward foreigners using samples of Japanese undergraduates and adults from the general population. Across four studies, the results confirmed the reliability of the Japanese SDO scale and found that SDO positively correlated with political conservatism, such as taking a firm stance on the “Takeshima” Island (“Dokdo” in Korean) or “Senkaku” Islands (“Diaoyu Islands” in Chinese and “Diaoyutai Islands” in Taiwanese) problems, negative and avoidant attitudes towards foreigners, and discriminatory attitudes toward Korean residents in Japan. We also found that some gender differences of political attitudes and prejudice were statistically mediated by the gender difference of SDO. These results suggest that SDO can be one of valid explanations to understand the individual differences in Japanese political and discriminatory attitudes.

44 44 44 2 OA 5.CONSORT声明

著者
津谷 喜一郎
出版者
一般社団法人 日本臨床薬理学会
雑誌
臨床薬理 (ISSN:03881601)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.3, pp.105-110, 2009 (Released:2009-08-12)
参考文献数
7
著者
鍋島 孝子
出版者
北海道大学大学院メディア・コミュニケーション研究院 = Research Faculty of Media and Communication, Hokkaido University
雑誌
メディア・コミュニケーション研究 (ISSN:18825303)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, pp.13-34, 2011-08-11

For the regional integration, European Union has been a good and ideal model. But considering the different social economic actors from African ones, we are aware that European process is not the universal model that is applicable to other regions. According to the integration theory, the economic activities bring a political integration. It is a "spill over" effect from "low" politics to "high" politics. This article is aimed at verifying African social actors who haven't participated in regional integration as the integration theory supposes. European integration is based on civil society where actors, rational citizens, who understand capitalism and Nation-State, do transnational activities. On the other hand, the real African society is "fluid" and changeable in the historical situation. It changed itself and was divided into some social classes, elite-mass and sub-nationalistic or ethnic groups during modernization. That kind of society is out of Nation-State integration. The integration theory has never discussed about the "fluid" social actors. Authoritarian political regime tried to integrate such a divided society with power and control. I hypothesize that African society keeps distance from State policy, so the actors have not brought the regional integration "from the bottom" in Africa. But many regional organizations exist in Africa. Why? This article explains these histories. Organization of African Union was begun by African independence elites, "from top". OAU became a symbol of African cultural rehabilitation and tried to realize "African tradition" in the agricultural politics of rural community. Indeed, it drew out the artificial nationalism. The other regional organizations were established as heritage of neocolonial geopolitics. They also were paralyzed by superpowers strategy during the Cold War. They are capable to change their functions by themselves. Some of them whose objectives must be economic cooperation and integration assure a regional security. It is characteristic that they try to rebuild Nation-States for regional integration. It is contrary to European Union, which reduces national sovereignty. This case study is ECOWAS politics in Liberia civil war. Another characteristic point of African integration is the social "fluid" actors' networks. These actors make internal and external networks beyond the national frontiers in the era of Globalization. We have to watch out the informal and violent networks. But in Madagascar political crisis in 2002, peasant network, mediation diplomacy and international investment prevented ethnic secessionism. Including such social actors, civil society in Africa has a wider concept than in Europe. It is important to investigate how this civil society participates to nation-building and regional integration in Africa.
著者
齊藤 功高
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
文教大学国際学部紀要 = Journal of the Faculty of International Studies (ISSN:09173072)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.1, pp.47-65, 2015-07-01

The military dictatorship ruled Brazil over a period of approximately 20 years from 1964 to 1985. Meanwhile, a number of human rights violations were carried out by the military regime. Were those of human rights violations settled in the period of transition to the democratic regime from the military regime? The 1979 Amnesty Law which was enacted as a temporary result in the reconciliation of Brazilian society has now become an obstacle to the settlement of human rights violations. Brazil’s Supreme Court judged the Amnesty Law as constitutional in 2010. However, the Amnesty Law did not conform to the Inter-American Convention on Human Rights according to the judgment of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, which was issued in the same year. Therefore, first, I will outline the actuality of human rights violations under the military regime. Second, I will describe the content of the 1979 Amnesty Law and what effect it has on the Brazilian society. Third, I will discuss the movement of relief for the human rights violations that took place under the military regime in the transitional period through the truth commission. Fourth, I will examine what degree of influence the activities of the Inter-American Human Rights Commission and the judgment of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights have had in the country of Brazil. As a conclusion, I will mention that the activities to overcome the defects of the Amnesty Law have begun in Brazil.
著者
山岸 恵理子 榎本 隆 廣瀬 圭子 田口 孝行
出版者
公益社団法人 埼玉県理学療法士会
雑誌
理学療法 - 臨床・研究・教育 (ISSN:1880893X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.17, no.1, pp.22-26, 2010 (Released:2010-03-12)
参考文献数
16

本研究ではトレーニング方法の相違による体幹伸展筋群の筋活動を比較し,体幹伸展筋群のトレーニング方法における筋活動量の段階付けを行うことを目的とした。被験者には①腹臥位で最大筋力発揮,②腹臥位で対角上下肢挙上,③徒手筋力検査(MMT)5,④四つ這いで対角上下肢挙上,⑤MMT3,⑥逆ブリッジ,⑦ブリッジ,⑧座位で重錘挙上,⑨座位で上肢挙上・頭部伸展を行わせ,その肢位を3秒間保持させた。その際,胸部傍脊柱筋(T9),腰部傍脊柱筋(L3)から表面筋電図(EMG)を導出し,積分筋電図(IEMG)を求めた。その後①のIEMGを基準とし②~⑨の最大随意収縮に対する割合(%MVC)を求め,T9・L3における②~⑨の筋活動量を比較,分類した。その結果,T9ではA②・③・④,B⑤・⑥,C⑦・⑧・⑨に,L3ではD②・③・⑤・⑥・⑦,E④,F⑧・⑨に分類することができた。T9ではA,Bは最大筋力の増強,Cは筋持久力増強に適していることが推測された。L3ではDは最大筋力の増強,Eは筋持久力増強,Fは筋力増強効果が期待できないことが推測された。
著者
奥 智佳子 池田 真起子 井上 晃一 村尾 昌信 中嶋 正明
出版者
公益社団法人 日本理学療法士協会
巻号頁・発行日
pp.0499, 2016 (Released:2016-04-28)

【はじめに,目的】近年慢性腰痛患者において腰部多裂筋(以下LM)が,椎間関節由来のReflex Inhibition(以下RI)により選択的な萎縮を来すことが多数報告される。腰背部のGlobal筋とLocal筋であるLMの活動バランスが崩れた状態となっている。このLMの活動が低下した腰部筋の活動バランスを是正するエクササイズとしてバードドッグ(以下BD-ex)が推奨されている。しかし実際に臨床でBD-exを適用する際,BD-exが四つ這い位を基本肢位とするため人工膝関節置換術を施行している者や高齢者では疼痛や転倒リスクの問題により実施困難であることを経験する。そこで我々は背臥位で安全に行えるLMの選択的強化をコンセプトに新たなエクササイズ(heel-push ex:HP-ex)を考案した。本研究の目的は,HP-exにおけるLMの活動度および腰背筋の活動特性をBD-exを対照に筋電図学的に評価し,その有効性を明らかにすることである。【方法】対象は健常人18名(男性10名,女性8名:平均年齢20.0±1.1歳,平均BMI21.3±2.0)とした。表面筋電計はNicolet VikingIV(Nicolet社)を用いた。筋電図導出筋はLocal筋であるLMとGlobal筋である胸腸肋筋(以下ICLT)とし左側の筋に統一した。背臥位にて足部を肩幅に開き,左膝関節屈曲30°で左足踵部の下に体重計を置き,それぞれ体重の5%,10%,15%の力で押しつけるよう指示した。BD-exは四つ這いにて右上肢を肩関節屈曲180°,左下肢を股関節伸展0°に保持させた。HP-ex 5%,10%,15%,BD-exの実施時におけるそれぞれの筋電図積分値(IEMG)を得た。得られたIEMGを,これに先立ち測定した最大随意収縮時筋電図積分値(MVIC)を用いて%MVICを求め4群間で比較した。ICLTの活動に対するLMの活動比(L/G ratio)を求め4群間で比較した。統計処理には,いずれも一元配置分散分析を用いた。有意差が認められた場合にはPost hoc検定としてBonferroni/Dunn法による多重比較を行った。有意水準はp<0.05とした。統計解析ソフトにはStat View Version 5.0 softwareを用いた。【結果】LMの%MVICは5%群が17.4±6.1%,10%群が19.9±6.3%,15%群が23.6±6.9%,BD-ex群が23.2±5.7%であった。L/G ratioは5%群が2.8±1.1%,10%群が2.0±0.6%,15%群が1.5±0.6%,BD-ex群が1.8±0.5%であった。5%群,10%群のL/G ratioはBD-ex群に対して有意差が認められた。【結論】LMの活動低下を是正して腰背部筋のGlobal筋とLocal筋であるLMの活動バランスを正常化するためにはL/G ratioが高くかつLMの%MVICが高いという条件が必要になる。この2点を考慮すると10% HP-exがLMの活動を賦活し腰背部のGlobal筋とLocal筋であるLMの活動特性を正常化する至適条件と考えられる。そして10% HP-exはBD-exと同等のLMの%MVICとL/G ratioを示した。10% HP-exはBD-exと同等のLMの%MVICとL/G ratioを有し背臥位でより安全に行える腰痛エクササイズであると考える。今後,慢性腰痛患者を対象にHP-exの効果を検証する介入研究が必要である。