6 6 0 0 OA 戦時下の能楽

著者
佐藤 和道
出版者
日本演劇学会
雑誌
演劇学論集 日本演劇学会紀要 (ISSN:13482815)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, pp.1-17, 2017-11-30 (Released:2017-11-30)

During World War II, it is known that a lot of Nogaku works were newly written in order to encourage the wartime spirit. Among them, Churei (1941) and Miikusabune (1943) have distinctive features in terms of their large-scale performances and social impact. Churei had more than 100 performances after its premiere, touring nationwide from northern Hokkaido to southern Kyushu. Significantly, in 1942 it was presented at Korakuen baseball stadium in front of over 30000 people. In addition, Churei and Miikusabune were widely spread by record, radio, and news documentaries. This seems to be an exceptional case in Nogaku which has historically had a closed form of performance.Why could Churei and Miikusabune become propaganda for the War? Originally Nogaku was supported by a small number of wealthy patrons, so there was no need to assume an unspecified number of spectators. But at the end of the Meiji era, the middle classes such as business people and intellectuals enjoyed as a hobby practicing utai (the chant of Nogaku). Moreover, in the Taisho era there was a “popularization controversy” concernig whether Nogaku should be liberated from specific classes. Furthermore, after the reconstruction from the Grand Kanto Earthquake (1923), the approach of theatre commercialism came to be recognized as necessary for survival.This paper discusses the “commercialization of Nogaku” that already had been in progress during the Wartime through the investigation of those two works.

7 7 0 0 OA 竹取物語

著者
ミロル 著
出版者
弘文社
巻号頁・発行日
1889

14 14 0 0 OA 和談三才図笑

著者
万亭応賀 著
出版者
仙鶴堂
巻号頁・発行日
1873
著者
TORU KINO HIROSHI HATANAKA SUSUMU MIYATA NORIAKI INAMURA MICHIHISA NISHIYAMA TOSHIMI YAJIMA TOSHIO GOTO MASAKUNI OKUHARA MASANOBU KOHSAKA HATSUO AOKI TAKENORI OCHIAI
出版者
JAPAN ANTIBIOTICS RESEARCH ASSOCIATION
雑誌
The Journal of Antibiotics (ISSN:00218820)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.9, pp.1256-1265, 1987-09-25 (Released:2006-04-19)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
241 or 0

The immuno-pharmacological profile of a novel immunosuppressive agent, FK-506 produced by a streptomycete, is presented here. We proceeded to test the effect of the agent on various in vitro immune systems. It showed that mixed lymphocyte reaction, cytotoxic T cell generation, the production of T cell-derived soluble mediators such as interleukin 2 (IL-2), interleukin 3 and gamma-interferon and the expression of the IL-2 receptor were suppressed by this agent. The IC50 values of FK-506 and ciclosporin (CS) in all tests were approximately 0.1nM and 10nM, respectively. Therefore, the novel agent, FK-506 suppressed in vitro immune systems at about hundred times lower concentration than CS.
著者
小野 紘彦 佐藤 和貴郎 中村 雅一 山村 隆
出版者
日本臨床免疫学会
雑誌
日本臨床免疫学会会誌 (ISSN:09114300)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.4, pp.306b-306b, 2017 (Released:2017-11-25)

【背景】筋痛性脳脊髄炎/慢性疲労症候群(ME/CFS)は著しい疲労に加え,認知機能障害や睡眠障害など様々な神経症状が生じる深刻な慢性疾患である.近年ノルウェーからリツキシマブによるB細胞除去療法の有効性が報告されたが,ME/CFSにおける末梢血リンパ球についての知見は乏しく,なぜB細胞除去療法が治療効果を発揮するか不明である.【目的】ME/CFS患者の末梢血中のB細胞異常を明らかにする.【方法】対象はカナダ基準およびInternational consensus criteriaを共に満たす患者40人と年齢,性別をマッチさせた健常者20人とした.末梢血から末梢血単核球細胞を分離し,B細胞受容体(BCR)レパトア解析とフローサイトメーターを用いたB細胞サブセット頻度及び機能分子発現の解析を行った.【結果】BCRレパトア解析では患者群において多様性指数であるNormalized shannon indexとクローナリティーの指数であるDE50が低い傾向があり,多様性の減少およびクローナリティーの増加がみられた.リンパ球サブセット解析では,患者群と健常者群で比較すると,B細胞では患者群においてplasmablastが低下し(p = 0.04),一部の患者でCD80の発現が亢進していた.【結論】ME/CFSの末梢血においてB細胞の異常が認められた.免疫異常とME/CFSの病態との関わりについてさらなる研究が必要である.
著者
小滝 富雄
出版者
一般社団法人 日本時計学会
雑誌
日本時計学会誌 (ISSN:00290416)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, pp.45-61, 1966-12-01 (Released:2017-11-09)

A theoretical method to obtain the vibration mode of the tuning fork is explained and some discussions are done relating to the obtained vibration mode. Here, the tuning fork is regarded as the one composed of three straight bars which are connected with each other at right angle to form the U-shape. Through the above method, the resonant frequencies n_j (j=1, 2, 3, .....) and the corresponding modes of vibration can be calculated. In the results, it is seen that, when j is odd, the bending motion of the two paralledl sides of the tuning fork are in the opposite direction, when j is even, however, those are in the same direction. Moreover, when two tuning forks are of the similar shape, it is certified that there exists a simple relationship between the vibration modes of these two tuning forks. By using this relationship, unknown vibration modes of the one can be obtained easily, if the modes of the other are known. In the tuning fork, having uniform material and section, the resonant frequencies are given by n_j(k)=m^2_j(k)^-2√<EI/Sp,> where E, p , I, S and l are Young's modulus, the density of the material, the moment of inertia, the area of the section, and the total length of the tuning fork, respectively. k means the ratio of the bottom side length of the U-shape to the parallel side length, and the proportional constants m^2, are shown in a table, with the various values of k. On the asymmetrical tuning forks of which two parallel sides have a slight difference in length, the vibration modes are calculated. The changes of the resonant frequeny and the nodal point are shown in connection with the change of the difference of the parallel sides. The results of the above theoretical analysis are compared with the experimental one, and it is ascertained that both are in good coincidence.
著者
志賀 隆 浜島 繁隆
出版者
大阪市立自然史博物館
雑誌
自然史研究 = SHIZENSHI-KENKYU, Occasional papers from the Osaka Museum of Natural History (ISSN:00786683)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.1, pp.1-16, 2017-12-26

2010年12月に著者の一人である浜島繁隆は、大阪市立自然史博物館にこれまで採集してきた東海地方を主とする水生植物コレクションを寄贈した。寄贈した標本の点数は、水生植物28科129分類群1028点であり、1967年から2010年までの44年間かけて採集したものである。これらの標本は、国内26道県、特に愛知県(542点、52.7%)、岐阜県(203点、19.7%)、三重県(124点、12.1%)の3県において重点的に採集されたのもである(869点、84.5%)。このコレクションは東海地方の水辺環境を知る上で重要な資料であり、本稿では、大阪市立自然史博物館に寄贈された水草標本と、これに関連する浜島繁隆の文献をリストした。
著者
藤田 早苗 服部 正嗣 小林 哲生 奥村 優子 青山 一生
出版者
一般社団法人 言語処理学会
雑誌
自然言語処理 (ISSN:13407619)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.1, pp.49-73, 2017-02-15 (Released:2017-05-15)
参考文献数
43

本稿では,子どもに「内容」と「読みやすさ」がぴったりな絵本を見つけるためのシステム「ぴたりえ」を提案する.本システムは,親や保育士,司書など,子どもに絵本を選ぶ大人が利用することを想定している.絵本を読むことは,子どもの言語発達と情操教育の両面で効果が期待できる.しかし,難しさも内容も様々な絵本が数多くある中で,子ども 1 人 1 人にとってぴったりな絵本を選ぶのは容易なことではない.そこで,ぴたりえでは,ひらがなの多い絵本のテキストを高精度に解析できる形態素解析や,文字の少ない絵本に対しても精度の高いテキストの難易度推定技術などの言語処理技術により,子どもにぴったりな絵本を探す絵本検索システムを実現する.本稿では,こうした言語処理技術を中心にぴたりえの要素技術を紹介し,各技術の精度が高いことを示す.また,システム全体としても,アンケート評価の結果,ぴたりえで選んだ絵本は「読みやすさ」も「内容」も,5 段階評価で平均値が 4.44~4.54 と高い評価が得られたことを示す.
著者
長谷川 裕晃 北原 一起 犬飼 保夫
出版者
一般社団法人 日本航空宇宙学会
雑誌
日本航空宇宙学会論文集 (ISSN:13446460)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.582, pp.272-272, 2002 (Released:2003-09-02)
参考文献数
5
被引用文献数
2 or 0

The Air Turbo Ramjet (ATR) is a combined cycle engine which performs like a turbojet engine at subsonic speeds and a ramjet at supersonic speeds and therefore the ATR is an attractive propulsion system for the wide operation range (e.g. Mach 0 to Mach 4). The ATR can provide a higher specific impulse than a solid fuel rocket engine and a higher thrust per frontal area than a turbojet engine. The major ATR components are the inlet, fan (compressor), turbine, gas generator, combustor and exhaust nozzle. In the ATR, the turbine drive gas is generated by a decomposed liquid or solid fuel gas generator. In order to carry heavier payloads and to attain shorter flight time, the compact and high thrust engine is required. In this study, the ram combustor with the double-staged flameholders and the fan with tandem blade were introduced to shorten the engine length and to increase the fan pressure ratio, respectively. Furthermore, the engine testing was carried out on sea level static condition to confirm the engine component integration technologies for the ATR propulsion system.
著者
束田 進也 小高 俊一 芦谷 公稔 大竹 和生 野坂 大輔
出版者
公益社団法人 日本地震学会
雑誌
地震 第2輯 (ISSN:00371114)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.4, pp.351-361, 2004-03-25 (Released:2010-03-11)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
8 or 0

We have found that the envelope waveform of the initial part of P waves changes systematically with magnitude and epicentral distance. In order to represent the envelope waveform quantitatively we introduced a simple function of the form of Bt·exp(-At). Two parameters A and B can easily be determined by the least-squares method. The parameter B defines the slope of the initial part of the P-wave envelope and A is related to the amplitude growth or decay with time. When A is positive, B/(Ae) gives the maximum amplitude where e denotes the base of natural logarithm. This case is typical for small earthquakes, indicating that the initial amplitude increases sharply and decays quickly soon after the P-wave arrival. When A is negative, the amplitude increases exponentially with time. This is a characteristic of large earthquakes.We have found from the analysis of actual seismic data that log B is inversely proportional to the epicentral distance Δ even though the dispersion of data is somewhat large. This relation seems to be independent of earthquake magnitude and thus, by using this relation, we can roughly estimate the epicentral distance immediately after the P-wave arrival. Then, we can estimate the magnitude easily from the formula, similar to the conventional magnitude-amplitude relation, M=α·logVmax+β·logB+γ, where Vmax is the P-wave maximum amplitude within a given short time interval (e. g., 3 seconds) after the P-wave arrival. For M7- and M8-class earthquakes whose rupture duration reaches 10 sec or more, we need to estimate the magnitude repeatedly with time as the amplitude increases.The decrease of the parameter B with distance may be caused by anelasticity of the medium, scattering and geometrical spreading of P waves during propagation.
著者
津田 和俊 伊藤 隆之 菅沼 聖 高原 文江 朴 鈴子 山田 智穂
出版者
北海道大学 高等教育推進機構 オープンエデュケーションセンター 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.99-110, 2017-12

山口情報芸術センター・通称「YCAM(ワイカム)」は,山口市にあるアートセンターである.2003 年の開館以来,メディアテクノロジーを用いた新しい表現を模索しており,展覧会や公演,映画上映,ワークショップなど多彩なイベントを開催している.YCAM の取り組みは,メディアアートやパフォーミング・アーツを軸にしつつも,近年では,スポーツや遊び,食,さらにはバイオ・リサーチまで拡がりを見せている.これらの取り組みの基盤には,YCAM の内部に設置された研究開発チーム(YCAM InterLab)の活動がある.本稿では,まずYCAM の概要やInterLab の紹介を行い,続いて,芸術表現,教育,地域といった3つの分野における具体的な作品や展覧会の事例を紹介する.そして,最後に,近年飛躍的に発展するバイオテクノロジーに取り組みはじめた「YCAM バイオ・リサーチ」プロジェクトについて紹介する.
著者
石川 昌司
出版者
日本物理教育学会
雑誌
物理教育 (ISSN:03856992)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.1, pp.34-35, 2004-03-18 (Released:2017-02-10)
参考文献数
3

教科書では,音波の気柱共鳴を,閉口端は固定端,開口端は自由端として扱っている。しかし,これは音波を変位波として見た場合であり,密度波の立場に立つと,閉口端は自由端,開口端は固定端となる。密度波は,音波本来の疎密波の概念に近いので,感覚的にも分かりやすい。
著者
寺島 久美子
出版者
国公私立大学図書館協力委員会
雑誌
大学図書館研究 (ISSN:03860507)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.107, 2017-12-29 (Released:2017-12-29)

本稿では2016年11月に南洋理工大学(NTU),シンガポール国立大学(NUS),シンガポール経営大学(SMU)で実施したインタビュー調査に基づき,シンガポールの大学図書館での研究支援について報告する。NTU図書館はオープンアクセス義務化やリサーチデータポリシーに対応してきめ細かなサポートを行い,NUS図書館は研究サイクル全体を支援する組織を立ち上げ,SMU図書館は商用の研究マネジメントツールを導入して研究情報登録の効率化を図っていた。シンガポールの大学図書館は先進的な研究支援サービスを提供し,研究成果の可視化に貢献していた。
著者
水川 葉月 池中 良徳 筧 麻友 中山 翔太 石塚 真由美
出版者
公益社団法人 日本薬学会
雑誌
YAKUGAKU ZASSHI (ISSN:00316903)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.137, no.3, pp.257-263, 2017 (Released:2017-03-01)
参考文献数
17

The ability to metabolize xenobiotics in organisms has a wide degree of variation among organisms. This is caused by differences in the pattern of xenobiotic bioaccumulation among organisms, which affects their tolerance. It has been reported in the veterinary field that glucuronidation (UGT) activity in cats, acetylation activity in dogs and sulfation (SULT) activity in pigs are sub-vital in these species, respectively, and require close attention when prescribing the medicine. On the other hand, information about species differences in xenobiotics metabolism remains insufficient, especially in non-experimental animals. In the present study, we tried to elucidate xenobiotic metabolism ability, especially in phase II UGT conjugation of various non-experimental animals, by using newly constructed in vivo, in vitro and genomic techniques. The results indicated that marine mammals (Steller sea lion, northern fur seal, and Caspian seal) showed UGT activity as low as that in cats, which was significantly lower than in rats and dogs. Furthermore, UGT1A6 pseudogenes were found in the Steller sea lion and Northern fur seal; all Otariidae species are thought to have the UGT1A6 pseudogene as well. Environmental pollutants and drugs conjugated by UGT are increasing dramatically in the modern world, and their dispersal into the environment can be of great consequence to Carnivora species, whose low xenobiotic glucuronidation capacity makes them highly sensitive to these compounds.
著者
Masataka SUZUKI
出版者
The Human Geographical Society of Japan
雑誌
Japanese Journal of Human Geography (ISSN:00187216)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.6, pp.541-554, 1978-12-28 (Released:2009-04-28)
参考文献数
53
被引用文献数
1 or 0

Spatial perception is the one of the most important problem to decide the behavior pattern in folk society where the people are living with nature. This paper proposes a study of spatial perception in folk society through the orientation in Yaeyama Islands, Okinawa prefecture of Japan. Yaeyama Islands is located in the southernmost part of Ryûkyû archipelago and therefore is the most southern of the whole Japanese area. These islands have been researched by many Japanese and foreign anthropologists, whose conclusions have had an important role in larger studies of Ryûkyûan culture. Using this anthropological approach, we will make clear up the indigenous concept of cosmology and find out the mode of spatial perception in this area.Through the analysis of myth and ritual, we may observe that Yaeyama islanders employ both the relative orientation shifting 30°-45° from the cardinal points and the absolute orientation of the cardinal points indicated by the twelve earthly branches _??__??__??_ . We call the former “folk orientation” and the latter “natural orientation”. It seems to me that “folk orientation” in Yaeyama Islands has been formed by the direction of monsoon because the term of ‘the north’ and ‘the south’ in “folk orientation” is the same as the names of wind. According to the meteorological data, the winter monsoon blows from northeast and the summer monsoon blows from southwest. Then, the pair of northeast-southwest relationship in “natural orientation” coinciding with the compass, is ‘the north-south’ relationship in “folk orientation” shifting 30°-45° from “natural orientation”. As for ‘the east-west’ relationship in “folk orientation”, the same shifting process is observed. For example, in Hateruma Island, one of the Yaeyama Islands, Simazasu in the north-western part of this island is in the islanders' conception very ‘west’ and as such connected with cape Takana in the southeastern edge of this island as the very ‘east’.On the folk village of Yaeyama Islands, these two systems of orientation are used for indicating the direction in ordinary life and make meaningful their spatial perception. For example, among the houses having three front rooms facing generally to the south of “folk orientation”, the male sides being the south and the east in “natural orientation” are superior to the female sides being the north and the west, but in religious affairs, the whole situation is reversed. Generally speaking, the pair of south-east relationship in “natural orientation” will be superior to the one of north-west relatioship. However, at the rituals on island level, cosmological concept based on a dualism that is characterized by superiority of ‘west’ and ‘female’ over ‘east’ and ‘male’, is found out. Though such value systems connected with spatial perception, are changed by the situation and the context, there are some principles formed by the indigenous concept of cosmology.In the above, we have examined spatial perception through the orientation. Lastly I will offer some interpretations of what might be called “Uyân” as it emerges in the “pan” (ritual invocations). In a passage of “pan”, “Uyân” (the deity) is praised. It runs as follows, “yuru nu isïma-ndô pïsu nu nana-ndê pïsê ôru bûyân pïsûyân” (great Uyân, Uyân looming large, who is always present during the five hours of the night and the seven hours of the day.)
著者
跡上 史郎
出版者
日本文学協会
雑誌
日本文学 (ISSN:03869903)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.6, pp.31-40, 1996-06-10 (Released:2017-08-01)

物語は物語を批判し、留保や注釈をつけながら、物語ならざるなにものかの相貌をまとってあらわれてくる。物語からは原理的に逃れられないのだとすれば、物語との緊張関係を生きるための知が必要なのではないだろうか。澁澤龍彦は、一九八〇年代に流行した「物語批判」に関心を寄せつつ、「反物語」「反反物語」を試みた。物語の知の可能性を、九〇年代のいまなお潜在的にも顕在的にも影響力を行使している「物語批判」の側面から逆照射する。
著者
男全 恵里花 岸本 桂子 福島 紀子 櫻井 秀彦
出版者
日本社会薬学会
雑誌
社会薬学 (ISSN:09110585)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.36, no.2, pp.78-87, 2017-12-10 (Released:2018-01-05)
参考文献数
23

The purpose of this research was to clarify the factors influencing the approval or disapproval and evaluative opinions of the public concerning separation of dispensing and prescribing functions. We conducted a Web survey with 2006 participants (September 2016). We conducted multiple logistic regression analysis and quantitative analysis of freely recorded their reasons about approval or disapproval. The approval rating was 29.2% in persons who had had some prior experience with at the pharmacies (n=1,778) and 41.9% in participants who made regular clinic visits and always filled prescriptions at the pharmacy (n=430). Multiple logistic regression analysis of the data of participants who visited pharmacies (n=1,778), identified that compared to participants who experienced side effects (OR=1.34), the frequency of used pharmacies (OR:Odds ratio=1.47), the filling burdened by having to fill prescriptions at the pharmacy (OR=0.19, 1/OR=5.18), there was a significant positive association for the approval. Analysis of qualitative data of the group that approved identified many labels related to ‘quality of results’, however no labels related to ‘quality of results’ were generated in the group which disapproved. Public approval or disapproval of non-hospital based prescription is mainly determined based on the burden or inconvenience incurred (due to waiting times, mobility-incurred time and energy, inconvenience associated with travel, inconvenience of repeated visits) when filling prescriptions at the pharmacy rather than on opinions regarding the pharmacy’s drug therapy service. Measures are required to increase the level of merit compared to the burden experienced in the use of pharmacy.