著者
APATA Z. O.
出版者
The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
雑誌
African Study Monographs (ISSN:02851601)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.3, pp.143-152, 1990-12

This paper discusses the roles played by Lord Frederick Lugard in the creation of provincial administration in Northern Nigeria. During his tenure as the High Commissioner from 1900 to 1906, the provinces he created were more or less "paper" provinces. This was so as the British colonial government had just been established in Northern Nigeria and thus exercised little or no control over most of the provinces. As the creation of the provinces was not preceded by a thorough study, and understanding of the customs and the indigenous administrative system of the people, Lugard's policies created serious problems. For instance, some ethnic groups were placed in provinces where they should not be. This provoked reactions from the people. Some colonial officials also reacted unfavourably to the creation of the provincial administration because of the huge expenditure involved. During his period as Governor-General of Nigeria, 1912-1918, Lugard embarked on the amalgamation of some provinces in Northern Nigeria. Like his previous efforts, this failed to materialize. The failure could be blamed on the character of Lugard and the style of his administration, as well as the peculiar circumstances of the governed. In spite of these problems, the provincial structure created by Frederick Lugard formed the bedrock of the British administration in Northern Nigeria in particular, and Nigeria in general.
著者
中西 啓喜
出版者
北海道大学高等教育推進機構
雑誌
高等教育ジャーナル : 高等教育と生涯学習 (ISSN:13419374)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, pp.63-74, 2017-03

This paper attempts to clarify the relationship of university studentsʼ performance with entrance examinations through panel data analysis. Martin Trow (1972) discussed on transition from elite to mass higher education with educational growth. However, he also wrote that some elite education sectors will remain in a mass higher education society. Therefore some elite education sectors or students would maintain their status. Many universities in Japan, including elite universities such as the national ones, have adopted methods for entrance examinations without written tests in these few years. Though Nakamura (2011) pointed out that expansion of the entrance system without the need to apply for entrance to specific faculties or courses of study should be recognized as ʠmass selection,ʡand that we must consider the effects of such systems on elite sectors. Therefore this paper examines how such entrance systems affect elite university students. The panel data used in this paper are from theʠSurvey of the career consciousness of high school students,ʡwhich were collected by questionnaire from 2005 through 2011. The purpose of the survey was to inquire about the career consciousness of high school students, and to follow-up their career situations. I analyzed the academic performance of university students using multiple regression analysis. The results suggested that the dummy variable of an entrance system without written examinations was not significant after controlling for high school rankings and individual academic tracks. In addition, the results showed that female students perfomed better than males in both of elite universities and others. Several recent British studies set the decline in academic achievement and exclusion from the labor market of male students as a social problem (Deborah 2006, Weiner et al. 1997). The results of this paper suggest that we should consider the linkage between the better performance in school and success in labor markets among Japanese women.
著者
遠藤 保太郎
出版者
上田蠶絲專門學校千曲會
雑誌
蠶絲學雜誌
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.3, pp.195-207, 1935-04-30
著者
除本 理史
出版者
北海道大学大学院経済学研究科
雑誌
經濟學研究 (ISSN:04516265)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.2, pp.85-95, 2014-01-24

福島原発事故はいまだ「収束」していない。汚染水の問題がクローズアップされ,抜本的な対策が求められている。事故の被害も継続している。深刻な事故被害の発生を受けて,宮本憲一や吉田文和ら,日本の公害研究の先駆者たちが,その蓄積を踏まえ,福島の事故について考察を行なっている。そこでは幅広い問題点や課題が網羅されており,大変貴重であるが,個別の論点に関する考察をさらに深めていくことが急務である。筆者は,宮本,吉田らの業績に学びつつ,水俣病や大気汚染などの公害被害補償について研究してきた。そして震災直後から,福島原発事故の被害実態と補償問題に関しても,共同研究者とともに調査・研究を進めてきた。本稿ではその成果の一部について,あらためて述べることにしたい。具体的には,責任と費用負担の問題や,「加害者主導」の枠組みのもとでの被害実態と補償の乖離などを取り上げ,最後に,戦後日本の公害問題の教訓から何を学ぶかについて考える。
著者
八木澤 ちひろ
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1-34, 2016-02-01

『KURA HOUR』 研究スキルアップ講座. @Learning Commons, Kyoto Univ. 2016-02-01 (Mon) 13:15-14:15.
著者
桂木 健次
出版者
富山大学経済学部
雑誌
富山大学紀要.富大経済論集 (ISSN:02863642)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.1, pp.141-154, 2016-07

国債の償還は,「未来世代のGDP(付加価値)」によってされているというのではなく,経済実体が消費を通して将来に向けて最終的な付加価値であるGDPを生み出すための中間消費とみなされる金融(通貨価値)の「シャドー・プライス」を意味する通貨発行益から償還させられていく。一般予算からの税収や借金(国債)を財源として歳出されている「国債費」は,定率繰入として主に償還される債券に裏書されている「付利」の支払い並びにその償還の会計運用積立に充てるためである。つまり,将来世代なる近未来が税金から負担するのは,「利払」分並びに特別会計運用経費である。
著者
遠藤 誠作
出版者
北海道大学公共政策大学院
雑誌
年報 公共政策学
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.169-183, 2015-03-31

The times when population decreased began in Japan, and time to reconsider a method of the conventional sewer construction came. Because individual processing is effective in the area having low population density, I think about the maintenance that utilized a septic tank.
著者
山村 高淑 岡本 健
出版者
北海道大学観光学高等研究センター = Center for Advanced Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
CATS 叢書 (ISSN:21853150)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, 2012-03-31

観光資源としてのコンテンツを考える : 情報社会における旅行行動の諸相から = Current Issues in Contents Tourism : Aspects of Tourism in an Information-Based Society
著者
吉川 徹 キッカワ トオル Kikkawa Tooru

吉川徹. 階層・教育と社会意識の形成 : 社会意識論の磁界. ミネルヴァ書房. 1998. 304p.