著者
石塚 哉史
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.4, pp.542-547, 2014 (Released:2015-10-17)
参考文献数
9

This study analyzes the current state of pork exports by agricultural production corporations and related issues by reviewing the case of Izunuma nousan.The data used in the study are based on the results of fieldwork conducted among various agricultural production corporations in Miyagi province, Japan.The findings are as follows:(1) Japanese pork continued to be exported despite infectious disease, a strong yen, and severe situations.(2) The differentiation strategy of Japanese pork has permeated by focusing on the wealthy in Hong Kong.(3) Although the earthquake and subsequent nuclear power plant accident temporarily suspended exports to Hong Kong, exports have recovered.
著者
井頭 均 Hitoshi Igashira
雑誌
教育学論究 (ISSN:18846149)
巻号頁・発行日
no.9-2, pp.65-72, 2017-12-15
著者
横山 育三
出版者
一般社団法人日本消化器外科学会
雑誌
日本消化器外科学会雑誌 (ISSN:03869768)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, no.5, pp.1-5, 1979-05-01

昭和53年11月24日付で日本小児科学会より日本消化器外科学会長宛に日本消化器外科学会関係者に対し,下記事項の周知方依頼があり,理事会の決定によりお知らせいたします.
出版者
国立国会図書館
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2018年, no.(691), 2018-11-01
著者
佐藤 千登勢
出版者
筑波大学人文社会科学研究科 国際地域研究専攻
雑誌
筑波大学地域研究 = Area studies Tsukuba (ISSN:09121412)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, pp.57-70, 2018-03-31

The food stamp program (also known as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: SNAP) has been an integral part of American social welfare system since its inception in the 1960s. By providing food-purchasing assistance for low income families, it has saved millions of destitute people, especially children, from malnutrition and hunger. In the aftermath of the 2008 recession, the number of food stamp recipients has reached a record high and it has become the "last resort" safety net for those who lost jobs. Even after the U.S. economy regained the pre-recession level, more than 10% of the nation's population has been benefiting from the program. In recent years, this rapid expansion has made the food stamp program a target for criticism among budget-minded conservative Republicans and they have explored the possibility of cutting its benefits. However, since the food stamp program is administered by the Department of Agriculture under the Agricultural Act, in order to scale it down, critics have to confront various interests. Influential agricultural lobbies represent large-scale commercial farms and agribusiness. Food and beverage companies and retailers are also opposed to the cutbacks of food stamps. As a result, aside from minor budgetary changes, the food stamp program has not been changed to date. This article examines the recent controversy over the food stamp reform and explores the difficulties that conservative Republicans faced in Congress when they tried to remove food stamp program from the Agricultural Act of 2014. By focusing upon the debate in the 113th Congress, this article demonstrates that the food stamp program cannot be changed as long as conservative Republicans adhere to the principle of fiscal conservatism and fail to negotiate with agricultural and commercial interests which support the program.
著者
田渕 恵 三浦 麻子
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.89.17331, (Released:2018-11-15)
参考文献数
21

The purpose of this study was to investigate the similarity in chronic regulatory focus (promotion/prevention) among elderly parents, middle-aged children, and their spouses. We made the 10-item short version of the Japanese Promotion/Prevention Focus Scale. The participants were 78 sets of middle-aged children (49.04 ± 4.06 years), their elderly parents (75.89 ± 2.74 years), and their spouses (49.38 ± 4.44 years). The results showed that the strength of children’s prevention focus was similar to that of parents’ prevention focus. On the other hand, the strengths of the promotion focus were similar between couples. We discuss the background of our findings wherein two aspects of regulatory focus have a different tendency in terms of similarity among parents, children, and their spouses in later life.
著者
岡田 高嘉
出版者
広島大学法学会
雑誌
廣島法學 (ISSN:03865010)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.42, no.1, pp.324-289, 2018-07-20

This Article focuses on stereotypes and examines discrimination cases in the United States. In sex discrimination cases, courts reject state stereotyping when it perpetuates ideas about men's and women's roles and reinforces women's inferior social status. In transgender discrimination cases, courts have begun to protect transgender individuals from state demands for conformity to normative stereotypes about how to be a man or woman. Governmental discrimination against transgender individuals sends the subordinating message that transgender people as a group are inferior to cisgender people as a group. That message rang loud and clear when state legislatures passed anti-transgender bills. The anti-transgender "bathroom bills" have cropped up in a number of states over the past couple of years. What these bills do is inflict further indignity for a population that has already suffered. This Article examines the constitutionality of the "bathroom bills" at length.
著者
佐々木 敏
出版者
日本食生活学会
雑誌
日本食生活学会誌 (ISSN:13469770)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.4, pp.231-233, 2018 (Released:2018-04-28)
参考文献数
10

Measurement is a base of science. No progress exists in science, without measurement. However, measurement methods on diets, i.e., dietary assessment methods, have not been fully studied in Japan. Dietary assessment methods are science much more complicated and difficult ones than we have long believed and expected. In dietary assessments, there are many factors which induce measurement errors, both randomly and systematically. Two of most important factors are day-to-day variation of diets and underreporting of diets. "Validity" of a dietary assessment method is one of the important information which shows us how we use it and how much we can believe the data obtained from it. We, all researchers who are interested in diets, should be very careful for the validity of dietary assessment methods and the high-quality validation studies should be more encouraged.
著者
中村 春木 栗栖 源嗣
出版者
一般社団法人 日本生物物理学会
雑誌
生物物理 (ISSN:05824052)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.2, pp.071-077, 2018 (Released:2018-03-31)
参考文献数
31

These days, “Data Science” becomes a new trend of science by accumulation and analysis of scientific big data. This data science is considered to provide a very useful approach for, in particular, biological science because of its very diversed characters. Here, we point out the essential issues in biological data science, and how they could be solved in the PDB (Protein Data Bank) archive, which the authors manage as PDBj (PDB Japan), one of the wwPDB (world wide PDB) members with the global cooperation.