文献ランキング(各10件)

著者
井村 隆介
出版者
特定非営利活動法人 日本火山学会
雑誌
火山 (ISSN:04534360)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.43, no.5, pp.373-383, 1998-10-30 (Released:2017-03-20)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
5

The eruptive sequence of the An-ei eruption of Sakurajima volcano (1779-1782) is revealed by historical records. From the evening of November 7, 1779 (the 29th day of the 9th month in the 8th year of An-ei), Kagoshima and its environs were shaken frequently. At 11 a.m. of the next day, the water in the wells in the island boiled up, spouting at several points and the color of sea became purple. On the noon of the same day, minor white plumes rose up from the Minamidake summit crater. At about 2 p.m., plinian eruption oecurred at the southern upper slope of Minamidake, and several tens of minutes later, at the northeastern flank of Kitadake. The height of eruption column reached about 12000 meters. It is estimated that a pyroclastic flow was generated at 5 p.m. The plinian eruption climaxed from the evening of November 8, to the morning of next day, and later was followed by emission of lava flows. The activity of the southern craters ceased within a few days, but lava emission from northeastern craters lasted for a long period. On November 11, the lava flow from northeastern craters entered into the sea. Since then, submarine explosions occurred repeatedly off the northeastern coast, and it continued to January 18, 1782. Nine small islands produced by this submarine volcanic activity during a year. Submarine explosions caused small tsunamis on August 6 and 15, September 9, October 3 1, November 9, 1780 and April 11, 1781.

18 18 18 18 ACCCM年鑑

著者
全日本CM協議会編集
出版者
三彩社
巻号頁・発行日
1964
著者
渡辺 伸一
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.1, pp.115-125, 2007-10

Environmental cadmium pollution causes cadmium poisoning. The first cadmium-polluted area ever discovered in the world was the Jinzu River basin in Toyama Prefecture in Japan. The most severe case of cadmium poisoning is Itai-itai disease (osteomalacia), which was officially recognized as a pollution-related disease by the Japanese government in 1968, and a less severe case is tubular kidney dysfunction. In other words, the occurrence of Itai-itai disease is only the "tip of the iceberg". The tubular kidney dysfunction is the earliest and most prevalent adverse result of chronic cadmium poisoning. The Japan Public Health Association Cadmium Research Committee, supported by the Environmental Agency, carried out health surveys in cadmium-polluted areas of 8 prefectures during the period of 1976-1984 and reported that many cases of tubular kidney dysfunction were found not only in Toyama but also in Ishikawa, Hyogo and Nagasaki prefectures. However, the Environmental Agency and the research committee have never certified this kidney dysfunction as a pollution-related disease. In 1970, the Japanese government set tentative acceptable standards of 1ppm for brown rice and enacted the Agricultural Land Soil Pollution Prevention Law in 1971. Based on this Law, restoration projects of polluted soils of rice paddies were started. If cadmium nephropathy was certified as a officially pollution-related disease, acceptable standards for brown rice must be more strict than 1ppm, because 1ppm is a standard to prevent habitants from suffering from Itai-itai disease. This new strict standard arrives at increases in polluted rice and soils. This means increases in the expenses to buy polluted rice and to restore polluted soils. To offer indemnity to farmers for any reduction in his rice crop is the responsibility of polluting industries and to pay expenses to restore polluted soils is the responsibility of polluting industries, the central government and local authorities. This paper concludes that the main reason why cadmium nephropathy has not been certified as an official pollution- related disease is that the decision-making of the Environmental Agency and the research committee reflects the intention of the polluting industries and the government who regard the expenses above as too heavy a burden.
著者
森川 高行 永松 良崇 三古 展弘
出版者
一般財団法人 運輸総合研究所
雑誌
運輸政策研究 (ISSN:13443348)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.2, pp.020-029, 2004-07-30 (Released:2019-05-31)
参考文献数
12

需要予測における誤差要因を解明するため,愛知県小牧市の名鉄小牧駅と桃花台ニュータウンを結ぶ桃花台線ピーチライナーを取り上げ検証した.計画者が4段階推計法を用いて行った需要予測値約31,000人/日は実績値約2,100人/日の約15倍の過大予測であった(比較年:1991年).分析の結果,ニュータウン入居者数の予測誤差による「発生」段階で約1.7倍,分担率曲線の時間移転性や競合路線の未考慮による「分担」段階で約7倍の誤差が確認された.計画者と同じデータを用いて構築した非集計モデルでは,競合路線と予測時点の社会経済属性の前提が適切であれば,予測が実績に大きく近づくことが示された.
著者
田中 貴子
出版者
日本文学協会
雑誌
日本文学 (ISSN:03869903)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.7, pp.37-43, 2002-07-10 (Released:2017-08-01)

安徳天皇が女性ではなかったか、という噂は、江戸時代の随筆などではかなり見受けることができ、安徳が実は壇ノ浦では死なず、薩摩や摂津の山中などへ逃げ延びたという伝説とともに、人口に膾炙していたようである。その理由として、『平家物語』「公卿揃」で、安徳生誕の折り、甑を間違って落としてしまった、という逸話が挙げられることが多い。たしかに安徳は、建礼門院のいわゆる「地獄めぐり」で、法華経による救済を望んでいたし、『愚管抄』では女神である厳島明神の化身だとされていた。これらの例を見ると、史実はともかく、海の底へ「帰っていった」安徳が童子であったがゆえに八歳で成道した海龍王の娘と重ね合わされていたことは明らかであろう。
著者
荒井 章司 阿部 なつ江
出版者
公益社団法人 東京地学協会
雑誌
地学雑誌 (ISSN:0022135X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.117, no.1, pp.110-123, 2008-02-25 (Released:2010-02-10)
参考文献数
56
被引用文献数
9 7

This article reviews interpretations of the geological and petrological nature of the Moho, which is defined as a discontinuity in terms of Vp, with a view to preparing for the Mohole on the ocean floor in IODP. We strongly propose discarding non-seismic terms for the Moho, such as “petrologic Moho”. The nature of the Moho has been controversial for a long time; an isochemical phase transition boundary between gabbro (crust) and eclogite (mantle) was favored for the Moho by some researchers, while a chemical boundary between mafic rocks (crust) and peridotite rocks (upper mantle) is now favored by a majority of researchers. Boundaries between completely or partially serpentinized peridotite and fresh peridotite may be applicable as the Moho at some parts of the ocean floors of a slow-spreading ridge origin. Antigorite serpentinite can be expected to be observed at the lowermost crust if the Moho is the serpentinization front at the stability limit of serpentine. The Moho beneath the Japan arcs can be estimated using mafic-ultramafic xenoliths in Cenozoic volcanics. Peridotitic rocks scarcely mix with feldspathic rocks, indicating that the Moho at that location is the boundary between feldspathic rocks (mostly mafic granulites; crust) and spinel pyroxenites (mantle). Possible fossil Mohos are observed in well-preserved ophiolites, such as the Oman ophiolite. Two types of Moho are distinct in the Oman ophiolite; gabbro-in-dunite Moho, where a gabbro band network in dunite changes upward to the layered gabbro within a few to several tens of meters, and dunite-in-gabbro Moho, where late-intrusive dunites intruded into gabbros. The former is of a primary origin at a fast-spreading ridge, and the latter is of a secondary origin at a subduction-zone setting in the obduction of the oceanic lithosphere as an ophiolite. The gabbro/peridotite (dunite) boundary as the primary Moho forms in embryo as a wall of melt conduit at fast-spreading ridges as well as at the segment center of slow-spreading ridges. The oceanic primary Moho is modified to various degrees by magmatism, metamorphism and tectonism in subsequent arc and continental environments. The gabbro-in-dunite Moho formation in the Oman ophiolite is an embryo of this modification. We expect in-situ sampling across the primary oceanic Moho formed at a fast-spreading ridge through the Mohole of IODP. Ultra-deep drilling at gabbro/peridotite complexes exposed on the ocean floor is indispensable for our understanding of the suboceanic upper mantle. Studies on appropriate ophiolites and deep-seated xenoliths from oceanic areas should complement the Mohole and other ultra-deep drillings to grasp the whole picture of the oceanic upper mantle.
著者
Noriyuki Miyaue Akira Yoshida Yuki Yamanishi Satoshi Tada Rina Ando Yuko Hosokawa Hayato Yabe Masahiro Nagai
出版者
The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.8747-21, (Released:2021-12-11)
参考文献数
12

Vaccines against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have been developed and administered worldwide. There have been reports of neurological adverse events following immunization (AEFIs). We herein report a case of refractory longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis in a 75-year-old Japanese man following the first dose of the BNT162b2 vaccine. The patient developed total sensory loss below the umbilicus and complete paralysis in both legs. Although he was treated with steroid therapy and plasma exchange, his recovery was limited, and severe sequelae remained. Further studies, including large epidemiological studies, are required to understand the association between SARS-CoV-2 vaccines and neurological AEFI.
著者
杉原重夫
出版者
東京地学協会
雑誌
地学雑誌
巻号頁・発行日
vol.110, no.1, 2001
著者
渡辺 伸一
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.1, pp.115-125, 2007-10

Environmental cadmium pollution causes cadmium poisoning. The first cadmium-polluted area ever discovered in the world was the Jinzu River basin in Toyama Prefecture in Japan. The most severe case of cadmium poisoning is Itai-itai disease (osteomalacia), which was officially recognized as a pollution-related disease by the Japanese government in 1968, and a less severe case is tubular kidney dysfunction. In other words, the occurrence of Itai-itai disease is only the "tip of the iceberg". The tubular kidney dysfunction is the earliest and most prevalent adverse result of chronic cadmium poisoning. The Japan Public Health Association Cadmium Research Committee, supported by the Environmental Agency, carried out health surveys in cadmium-polluted areas of 8 prefectures during the period of 1976-1984 and reported that many cases of tubular kidney dysfunction were found not only in Toyama but also in Ishikawa, Hyogo and Nagasaki prefectures. However, the Environmental Agency and the research committee have never certified this kidney dysfunction as a pollution-related disease. In 1970, the Japanese government set tentative acceptable standards of 1ppm for brown rice and enacted the Agricultural Land Soil Pollution Prevention Law in 1971. Based on this Law, restoration projects of polluted soils of rice paddies were started. If cadmium nephropathy was certified as a officially pollution-related disease, acceptable standards for brown rice must be more strict than 1ppm, because 1ppm is a standard to prevent habitants from suffering from Itai-itai disease. This new strict standard arrives at increases in polluted rice and soils. This means increases in the expenses to buy polluted rice and to restore polluted soils. To offer indemnity to farmers for any reduction in his rice crop is the responsibility of polluting industries and to pay expenses to restore polluted soils is the responsibility of polluting industries, the central government and local authorities. This paper concludes that the main reason why cadmium nephropathy has not been certified as an official pollution- related disease is that the decision-making of the Environmental Agency and the research committee reflects the intention of the polluting industries and the government who regard the expenses above as too heavy a burden.
著者
坂口 安紀
出版者
独立行政法人 日本貿易振興機構アジア経済研究所
雑誌
ラテンアメリカ・レポート (ISSN:09103317)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.35, no.1, pp.35-48, 2018-07-31 (Released:2019-03-07)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
3

ベネズエラは、経済成長率が4年連続マイナス、インフレ率が4万パーセントを超えるなど、想像を絶する厳しい経済状況に直面している。本稿では、ベネズエラの厳しい経済状況を図表によって明示的に示し、その背景要因について概説する。マイナス成長については、国際石油価格の下落の影響も大きいものの、チャベス政権期からの国家介入型経済政策がもたらしたマクロ経済の歪みの蓄積や生産部門へのダメージが重要である。ハイパーインフレや対外債務という切迫した問題も、チャベス期から始まった著しい財政肥大に原因があり、マドゥロ政権の経済運営のみならず、チャベス期からの経済政策そのものに原因があると考えられる。
著者
澤 宗則 南埜 猛
出版者
神戸大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2016-04-01

本研究では、日本におけるインド人移民社会とネパール人移民社会を比較しながら、「空間的実践」を分析することにより、エスニシティと空間との関係性を明らかにした。急増するネパール人経営の「インド料理」は、日本人から見れば「インド料理」であるが、「伝統的インド料理」の枠組みを超え、日本人の味覚にあわせて現地化する。安価な食材を使用し、サラリーマン、大学生や家族連れ向けに昼は安い定食屋、夜は安い居酒屋の位置づけである。これに対してインド人経営者が「これは全くインド料理ではない」と批判するなど、両者は単に同一市場における競合だけではなく、アイデンティティに関する対立となっている。
著者
宗意 和代
出版者
法政大学大学院 国際日本学インスティテュート専攻委員会
雑誌
国際日本学論叢 = 国際日本学論叢 (ISSN:13491954)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, pp.五四(39)-三三(60), 2014-03-18

The romance novel or romantic novel is a literary genre. The history begin Samuel Richardson's popular 1740 novel "Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded". Now romance fiction comprises 48.8% of all popular paperback fiction sold in North America. This genre is popular in Europe and Australia, and translated in 90 languages. Romance novels place their primary focus on the relationship and "romantic love" between two people, and must have an "emotionally satisfying and optimistic ending.How the meaning of the "romantic love" is understood by women?For the purpose of studying the genre "Romance", this article pursues the effect and influence of mainly women' s reading upon the understanding of "romantic love" in the English Language Countries.
著者
杉原重夫
出版者
東京地学協会
雑誌
地学雑誌
巻号頁・発行日
vol.110, no.1, 2001
著者
田村 裕之
出版者
安全工学会
雑誌
安全工学 (ISSN:05704480)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.6, pp.438-444, 2014-12-15 (Released:2016-07-30)
参考文献数
2

太陽光発電システムの普及が急速に拡大している.しかし,火災事例や消防活動事例を調べると,太陽光発電システムからの出火や消火活動中の消防隊員の感電などが起こっており,火災や感電の面で安全対策が不十分なことが分った.そこで,太陽光発電システムが設置されている建物での出火危険性や消防活動時の危険性について,太陽光発電システムの構造や火災事例から課題を見出し,火災実験や発電実験を行った.その結果,火炎からの光でも発電すること,モジュールの一部が脱落しても発電を継続すること,モジュール表面の強化ガラスが熱によりフロートガラスに戻ること,人体に危険を及ぼす感電が起こりうること,などが分かった.これらを基に安全な消防活動を行うための対策をまとめた.
著者
石川 寛子
出版者
日本食生活学会
雑誌
日本食生活学会誌 (ISSN:13469770)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.3, pp.200-208, 2000-12-31 (Released:2011-01-31)
参考文献数
6
被引用文献数
1
著者
高田 知紀 梅津 喜美夫 桑子 敏雄
出版者
公益社団法人 土木学会
雑誌
土木学会論文集F6(安全問題) (ISSN:21856621)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.2, pp.I_167-I_174, 2012 (Released:2013-01-30)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
1 2 5

東日本大震災では,多くの神社が津波被害を免れたことが指摘されている.本研究では,日本の神社に祀られる祭神の多様性は,人びとの関心に応じた差異化の結果であるという仮説から,宮城県沿岸部の神社についてその祭神と空間的配置に着目しながら被害調査を行った.祭神については特に,ヤマタノオロチ退治で知られるスサノオノミコトに着目した.スサノオは無病息災の神として祀られることから,洪水や津波といった自然災害時にも大きな役割を果たすと考えられる.また,地域の治水上の要所に鎮座していることが多い.東北での調査から,スサノオを祀った神社,またスサノオがルーツであると考えられる熊野神社は,そのほとんどが津波被害を免れていることを明らかにした.この結果は,地域の歴史や文化をふまえたリスク・マネジメントのあり方について重要な知見を提供する.
著者
嵩原 広宙 田中 秀樹 岩城 達也
出版者
Japan Society of Kansei Engineering
雑誌
日本感性工学会論文誌 (ISSN:18840833)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.TJSKE-D-17-00030, (Released:2018-02-09)
参考文献数
22

Emotional state before sleep affects the subsequent sleep onset. The purpose of this study was to investigate how positive/negative emotion before sleep effected hypnagogic state. The movies eliciting positive or negative emotion were presented before sleep. Hypnagogic imagery was recorded as a probe of emotional experience and EEG microstate analysis was used for finding the emotion related EEG activities. The score of emotion ratings for hypnagogic imagery indicated that positive emotion was reported in not only positive condition but also in negative condition. This implied that hypnagogic state might be accompanied by positive emotion. Comparing the appearance of maps obtained from microstate analysis between conditions, the map of right temporal activity was significantly greater in positive condition while the map of the left frontal activity was greater negative condition. These results suggested that the emotion not just in presleep but also in hypnagogic state was involved in sleep onset process.
著者
武田 宗和 名取 恵子 諸井 隆一 原田 知幸 矢口 有乃 稲垣 伸洋
出版者
日本腹部救急医学会
雑誌
日本腹部救急医学会雑誌 (ISSN:13402242)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.4, pp.735-739, 2013-05-31 (Released:2013-07-26)
参考文献数
10

要旨:【症例】37歳飲酒歴のない女性。意識障害で発見され救急搬送,既往は躁鬱病と境界型人格障害。来院時ショック状態で下血を認め,緊急下部内視鏡検査で直腸から左側結腸まで全周性・連続性の発赤とびらんを認めた。翌日,薄めたウオッカ約1L(推定アルコール濃度49%)を自ら注腸したことが判明,虚血性腸炎に準じ保存的治療を選択。8病日の内視鏡検査では直腸からS状結腸までは粘膜の修復が認められ保存的治療を継続した。4週間後,下行結腸の高度な腸管狭窄を合併したため,本人との話し合いの結果,横行結腸に人工肛門を造設することとなった。【考察】過去の報告では,アルコール注入による直腸結腸炎は保存的治療で治癒することが多いとされる。本例は高濃度のアルコールが大量に注入され広範囲に腸管が傷害された上にショック状態に陥り,腸管虚血をきたしその治癒過程で腸管狭窄を合併したものと推察された。本例における治療方針に関する問題点をふまえ文献的考察を加え報告する。
著者
近江 龍一 西原 陽子 山西 良典
出版者
人工知能学会
雑誌
人工知能学会全国大会論文集 (ISSN:13479881)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, 2017

Web上に投稿される情報の中には青少年にとって有害な情報,特に猥褻な意味を持つ言葉は直接記述されず暗喩により表現されることが多い.本研究の目的は暗喩を用いて表現されている有害な文に対してフィルタリングを行うことである.提案手法では有害表現が含まれる文をドメインごとに機械学習し有害表現の分類器を作り,有害表現をフィルタリングする.提案手法の有用性を評価する実験をR-18指定の小説を使い行った.
著者
酒向 貴子 川田 伸一郎 手塚 牧人 上杉 哲郎 明仁
出版者
国立科学博物館
雑誌
Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science Series A Zoology (ISSN:18819052)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.2, pp.63-75, 2008-06

The distribution of latrines of the raccoon dog, Nyctereutes procyonoides, was examined from July 2006 to December 2007 in the Imperial Palace grounds, Tokyo, Japan. The raccoon dog is accustomed to defecate at fixed locations, forming holding latrines; thus the distribution of latrines is a good indicator of their abundance. The results suggest that the latrines are widely scattered in the study site, but are more dense in the Fukiage area, where an old-growth broad-leaved forest is established. The latrine sites are used more frequently from September to December, as the number of fresh feces increased in the autumnal season. To examine the seasonal food changes of the raccoon dogs, 10 pieces of feces from some latrines were collected every month and analyzed the indigestible contents in the sampled feces. The food items identified consisted of animal, plant and man-made materials, suggesting that the raccoon dogs were highly omnivorous. The animal materials found from the feces included mammals (4% of total feces), birds (37%), reptiles (2%), amphibians (3%), insects (95%), chilopods (56%), isopods (2%) and gastropods (12%). Invertebrates were the most abundand food item throughout the year. Three coleopteran families, the Carabidae, Staphylinidae and Scarabaeidae, accounted for a large proportion of the insects and they showed seasonal fluctuations. These suggest that the raccoon dogs fed on them as major animal food resources in the study site, and perhaps the seasonality is related to the temporal changes of availability of the insects. The majority of plant materials found in the feces was a variety of seeds, suggesting that the raccoon dogs fed on berries and fleshy fruits throughout the year. The occurrence of seeds decreased from March to April, which coincided with a low availability of fruits. The seeds found in feces were categorized into three types : (1) the short-term berry type including Prunus (Cerasus) spp., Moms spp., Rubus hirsutus and Machilus thunbergii, which occurred only a short term after their fruiting periods ; (2) the long-term berry type, including Celtis sinensis, Aphananthe aspera and Swida controversa, which occurred continuously for three or more months after the fruiting periods ; (3) the acorn type, including Castanopsis spp., Quercus spp. and Ginkgo biloba, which occurred in early spring (January to April) when the other fruits are scarce. The seasonal change of the three fruit types implies that the raccoon dogs consume the available fruits in relation to the successive fruiting periods. The proportion of artificial materials found in the feces was considerably lower than in previous studies carried out in the suburbs of Tokyo, suggesting that the raccoon dogs in the study site strongly depend on natural foods. Most of the natural food items were native to Japan since the past Edo period. Thus we conclude that the preservation of biodiversity in the Imperial Palace grounds was essential for the re-colonization by the raccoon dogs of the Tokyo metropolitan area after the 1970s.
著者
松阪 崇久
出版者
日本笑い学会
雑誌
笑い学研究 (ISSN:21894132)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.90-106, 2018 (Released:2018-12-27)

動物ショーやテレビ番組に出演するチンパンジー・パンくんの映像作品を用いて、パンくんの感情表出についての分析を行った。映像作品でのパンくんは、着衣で二足歩行を行うことが多く、自然なチンパンジーの姿とは大きく異なっていた。テレビ番組用の映像と動物ショーの本番の映像では、それ以外の動物園などでの映像と比べて、チンパンジー本来の姿とのズレが大きく、感情表出に関しては、ポジティブな笑顔や笑いの表出よりも、恐怖・不安・不満といったネガティブな表出が多い傾向があった。とくにテレビ番組では、パンくんに試練を課し、不安やストレスを与えるシーンもしばしば見られた。このようなパンくん自身の感情表出以外に、テロップ、ナレーションや、チンパンジーの音声の追加によって、パンくんの感情を演出または改変する場面もあった。以上の結果を元に、ショーやテレビにチンパンジーが出演することの問題点について議論した。また、動物の福祉を考える上で、笑いや遊びに注目する意義について考察した。
著者
板屋 民子 飯島 正雄 斉藤 貢一 正木 宏幸 青木 敦子 斎藤 章暢 安藤 佳代子 徳丸 雅一 坂東 正明
出版者
Japanese Society of Food Microbiology
雑誌
食品と微生物 (ISSN:09108637)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, no.4, pp.203-212, 1992-03-20 (Released:2010-07-12)
参考文献数
10

A large number of Photobacterium phosphoreum (6-7 log/g) was isolated from “tamagoyaki” (a kind of nigirisushi; Japanese food) that had been lumineferous in the dark. The isolates were smeared on the surfaces of sliced “tamagoyakis”. After the incubation at 10°C for 48 hr or at 25°C for 24 hr, the surfaces became luminous. It was indicated that this abnormality of “tamagoyaki” was caused by contamination with and multiplication by P. phosphoreum.On the surface of “tamagoyaki”, the bacteria in an early growth phase in such a small number as 4 log/g luminesced. Furthermore, the luminescence was observed when pieces of squid, boiled prawn or “yakichikuwa” (a kind of food made of fishes) with the bacteria were incubated, but not observed on pickled Japanese gizzard shad. Nevertheless the the bacteria grew on the surface of tuna, but no luminescence was observed on it.The bacteria produced a small amount of histamine on squid and tuna (less than 250μg/g), and their ability to putrefy food seemed to be low.The opitmum concentration of sodium chloride for growth of the bacteria in a medium was 3%, but they grew in food containing sodium chloride less than 0.5%. When sodium chloride in the medium was replaced by potassium chloride, calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, ammonium chloride or sodium phosphate, the bacteria were still able to grow but unable to grow when replaced by potassium phosphate or sucrose. The bacteria metabolized arginine by arginine decarboxylase but not by arginine dehydrolase.
著者
多和田 友美 伊香賀 俊治 村上 周三 内田 匠子 上田 悠
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.648, pp.213-219, 2010-02-28 (Released:2010-06-07)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
6 6

Various researches highlight that indoor air quality affects performance of workers in offices. Although good indoor air quality improves work performance, it also increases energy consumption. In this study, we achieved a field survey in a real office in order to investigate the relationship between thermal environment, productivity, and energy consumption. In addition to the monitoring of indoor environmental quality and energy consumption, subjective experiments were conducted. In order to evaluate subjective performance, workers and students responded to questionnaires, and to evaluate objective performance, students simulated three types of office works. By calculating room temperature and worker's subjective performance, we demonstrate the correlation between room temperature and worker's performance (R2=0.22, p

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